Next Indian general election

← 2019 By May 2024

All 543 seats in the Lok Sabha
272 seats needed for a majority
Official Photograph of Prime Minister Narendra Modi Potrait.png
Sonia Gandhi 2014 (cropped).jpg
Leader Narendra Modi Sonia Gandhi
Alliance NDA UPA
Leader since 2013 1998
Leader's seat Varanasi Rae Bareli
Last election 37.7%, 303 seats[a] 19.67%, 52 seats[b]
Current seats 303 53

Wahlkreise in Indien.svg

Incumbent Prime Minister

Narendra Modi

The next Indian general election is expected to be held in or before May 2024 to elect the members of 18th Lok Sabha.


The tenure of Lok Sabha is scheduled to end on 16 June 2024.[1] The previous general elections were held in April–May 2019. After the election, National Democratic Alliance, led by Bharatiya Janata Party, formed the union government, with Narendra Modi becoming Prime Minister.[2]

Electoral system

All 543 elected MPs are elected from single-member constituencies using first-past-the-post voting.[3] The 104th amendment to the constitution effectively abolished the two seats that were reserved for the Anglo-Indian community.[4]

Eligible voters must be Indian citizens, 18 years or older, an ordinary resident of the polling area of the constituency and registered to vote (name included in the electoral rolls), possess a valid voter identification card issued by the Election Commission of India or equivalent.[5] Some people convicted of electoral or other offences are barred from voting.[6]

Article 83 of the Constitution of India requires elections to the Lok Sabha be held once every five years.[7]

Parties and alliances


  1. ^ Total seats won by the NDA in the 2019 election is 353 seats
  2. ^ Total seats won by the UPA in the 2019 election is 91 seats


  1. ^ "Terms of the Houses". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 7 March 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ Service, Tribune News. "Narendra Modi sworn in as Prime Minister for second time". Tribuneindia News Service. Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  3. ^ Electoral system Archived 6 May 2017 at the Wayback Machine IPU
  4. ^ "House ratifies quota for SC/STs in Assembly, Lok Sabha". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 10 January 2020. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 19 January 2021.((cite news)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  5. ^ Lok Sabha Election 2019 Phase 3 voting: How to vote without voter ID card Archived 24 May 2019 at the Wayback Machine, Business Today (23 April 2019)
  6. ^ "General Voters". Systematic Voters' Education and Electoral Participation. Archived from the original on 4 January 2019. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
  7. ^ "The Constitution of India Update" (PDF). Government of India. Retrieved 4 February 2021.