The Ngulungbara were an Aboriginal Australian people or clan of Fraser Island in the state of Queensland, possibly of the Butchulla people.


The Ngulingbara's status as an independent tribe has been contested, since some authorities consider them to have been a horde of the Butchulla, since the -bara suffix in their ethnonym is suggestive of a clan grouping. They occupied a sector of Fraser Island north of Boomerang Hill and, in Norman Tindale's estimate, inhabited an area of some 200 square miles (520 km2).[1]

Alternative names



  1. ^ a b Tindale 1974, p. 183.


  • Howitt, Alfred William (1904). The native tribes of south-east Australia (PDF). Macmillan.
  • Shirley, John (1897). "Vocabularies of the Gowrburra and Koolaburra tribes". Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland. 12: 1–9.
  • Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Ngulungbara (QLD)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University Press.