Niaz Fatehpuri
نیاز فتحپوری
Niaz Mohammed Khan

Died24 May 1966
Karachi, Pakistan
Alma materMadrasa Islamia Fatehpur
Known forUrdu poet, writer, polemicist
AwardsPadma Bhushan (1962)

Niaz Fatehpuri (1884–1966) was the pen name of Niyaz Muhammed Khan,[1] a Pakistani Urdu poet, writer, and polemicist. He was also the founder and editor of Nigar. In 1962, he was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the President of India for "Literature and Education."

Early life

Niaz Fatehpuri was born in 1884 at Nayi Ghat, Barabanki district,[2] in what is now Uttar Pradesh during the British Raj. He died in 1966 in Karachi, Pakistan. Niaz Fatehpuri’s real name was Mawlānā Niyaz Muhammad Khan. He was educated at Madrasa Islamia in Fatehpur, Madrasa Alia in Rampur, and Darul Uloom Nadwatul Ulama in Lucknow. He resigned his post in 1902 as a Police Sub-Inspector after working in this capacity for a couple of years.[citation needed] Thereafter, he worked in different posts until 1921, when he started editing and publishing his famous monthly journal, Nigar, which served as a mirror to the literary scene in Uttar Pradesh till his migration to Pakistan in the early sixties.[citation needed]

His publications include:

Literary activities

Niaz Fatehpuri was a fiction-writer of repute, whose Urdu short-stories, which are poems in prose, are considered to be on a par with those of Munshi Premchand and find a prominent place in Urdu literature. He was also an Urdu poet and critic, and a polemicist who dared to raise his voice against Fundamentalism.

Until he migrated to Pakistan in 1962,[3] he had continued to publish and edit Nigar the Urdu monthly journal, which he had launched in 1921. This was originally published from Agra, then from Bhopal and subsequently from Lucknow. It is still published from Karachi by Farman Fatehpuri.[citation needed]

Niaz Fatehpuri wrote on Urdu literature, on religion and on the many evils affecting the social fabric of India in his time. He has more than two dozen major works to his credit. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1962 for his services to Urdu.[4]

He died in Karachi, Pakistan on 24 May 1966.[5]


In 1974, Malik Ram included him in his award-winning book of essays Woh Surten Ilahi (The Immortals) on nine unforgettable giants in the Urdu literary world. [6]

In 1986, the Urdu Academy in Karachi published the book "Niaz Fatehpuri: Shakhsiyat aur Fikr–o–Fan" by Farman Fatehpuri on the life and literary works of Niaz Fatehpuri.[7]


He is the father of Sarfaraz Niazi, who has translated Ghalib's poetry into English in two books titled Love Sonnets of Ghalib and The Wine of Passion, both published by Ferozsons, Lahore, Pakistan.[8]


  1. ^ 1461:"National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language". Archived from the original on 1 March 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
  2. ^ Mulāhizāt-e-Niāz by Niaz Fatehpuri, pg 9 (in Urdu)
  3. ^ "The Rationalist and the Romantic: Niaz Fatehpuri , Islamic Personalities, Intizar Husain (Photo: Niaz Fatehpuri), New Age Islam".
  4. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  5. ^ (Niaz Fatehpuri)
  6. ^ (Niaz Fatehpuri pp. 198–235)
  7. ^ Fatehpuri, Farman (16 October 1986). Niaz Fatehpuri: Shakhsiyat aur Fikr-o-Fan. Urdu Academy. OL 19460585M.
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2014.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)