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Night and Day
Cover of the Grove Press edition[1]
Written byTom Stoppard
  • George Guthrie
  • Jacob Milne
  • Mageeba
  • Francis
  • Ruth
Date premieredNovember 8, 1978 (1978-11-08)
Place premieredPhoenix Theatre, London
Original languageEnglish
SubjectColonialism, the media
SettingThe living room of a large colonial house in an African nation

Night and Day is a 1978 play by Tom Stoppard.[2] The sets and costumes were designed by Carl Toms and it ran for two years at the Phoenix Theatre in central London, UK.[3] The lead roles of Richard Wagner and Ruth Carson were created by John Thaw and Diana Rigg, respectively.


The play is post-colonial in nature, a satire on the British news media, and an exploration of its discourse. Stoppard employs yet another sub-text in Night and Day by commenting on the very form of language through his remarks on journalism (Stoppard is a former journalist himself). There is a consistent use of pun and innuendo sprinkled in the dialogues of each character. This kind of linguistic play with words and meaning has marked the playwright for his interest and most keen observations on the aesthetics of language.[citation needed]

Night and Day throws up themes of colonization, journalism, language, and alternate or multiple realities. The plot narrative unfolds through the silent or subconscious thoughts of Ruth Carson, who is a bystander to the main events taking place around her. She is regularly shown to express conflicting ideas between what she is saying, and what she is actually thinking.[citation needed]

The narrative technique merges the forms of fiction and non-fiction, where Stoppard has created an imaginary country called Kambawi, located in Africa, and situated in a post-colonial time-space. The story of the play unveils the politics under which the British media approach the coverage of the impending internal war in this country, through the paradigms of objectivity, factual reportage and the inevitable realities of linguistic manipulation and double meaning.[citation needed]


Night and Day won the Evening Standard Award for Best Play.[4] In a positive review, Michael Billington wrote:[5]

“Stoppard himself once said, ‘What's wrong with bad art is that the artist knows exactly what he is doing.’ Night and Day is an exhilarating refutation of that thesis: It's good art (wittiy [sic], stimulating, alive with ideas) but the result of a perfectly conscious intention. A Doll's House, Saint Joan and Mother Courage are three examples of masterpieces written out of a sense of burning conviction. And while Night and Day may not reach that level, it does at least prove that Stoppard can write about what is closest to his heart without sacrificing his natural dexterity. Passion and wit don't often go together, when they do we should applaud.”


  1. ^ Stoppard, Tom (1979). Night and Day: A Play. Grove Press. ISBN 978-0394505268.
  2. ^ "Night and Day". UK: Concord Theatricals. Retrieved 16 September 2021.
  3. ^ "Night and Day". Theatricalia. Retrieved 16 September 2021.
  4. ^ "Evening Standard Theatre Awards 1955–2000". Evening Standard. UK. 10 April 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2021.
  5. ^ Billington, Michael (26 November 1978). "The Unstoppable Tom Stoppard". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 17 July 2019.