Nina Helou
نينا طراد
Nina (l) and Charles Helou (r) at the Vatican
First Lady of Lebanon
In role
23 September 1964 – 22 September 1970
PresidentCharles Helou
Preceded byZelpha Tabet
Succeeded byIris Handaly
Personal details
Born
Nina Trad

1904 (1904)
Beirut, Beirut Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died1989 (aged 84–85)
Beirut, Lebanon
NationalityLebanese
Spouse(s)
(m. 1952; her death 1989)
RelativesPetro Trad (uncle)
Alma materSaint Joseph University
OccupationAttorney

Nina Helou (Arabic: نينا حلو, نينا طراد- حلو‎, 1904–1989) was a Lebanese lawyer and former First Lady of Lebanon from 1964 to 1970. She was the second woman lawyer to be registered with the bar association of the Mandate for Syria and Lebanon, during French administration. Her practice was mainly focused on women and women's issues. Marrying a fellow lawyer, she was the first woman to serve on the Beirut City Council. In 1964, Helou became the First Lady of Lebanon and during her tenure, she oversaw the completion of the Baabda Palace and the renovation of the Beiteddine Palace, as well as a city-wide beautification project. She was also devoted to social welfare programs and charitable organizations, particularly the Lebanese Red Cross.

Early life

Nina Trad was born in 1904[1] in Beirut, capital of the Beirut Vilayet, Ottoman Empire to Michel Trad and his Colombian wife. She was the niece of Petro Trad, who served as President of the French Mandate of Lebanon in 1943.[2] Attending law school at the Jesuit School of Law,[3] Trad met Charles Helou, another student in the law faculty.[4] She graduated in 1931 with Blanche Ammoun, though Ammoun did not ever practice law.[3] Later that year, on 7 October 1931, Paulette Ameslend Tamer, a French national, became the first woman to register with the bar association of the French Mandate of Lebanon.[5][6] Trad was admitted to the bar on 6 January 1932, becoming its second woman member.[Notes 1][5]

Career

After joining the bar, Trad began working in her uncle Petro Trad's law firm. She focused her practice on helping Lebanese women with legal issues. Helou joined the firm when he completed his studies[4] and they began both a working and romantic relationship. They prepared cases together and jointly pleaded them in 1940 for the French military tribunals.[8] Though Helou's family did not support the relationship, in part because Trad was 9 years older than he was,[2] the couple married in 1952.[9] Even after her marriage, Trad-Helou continued her legal practice. In addition, she was involved in many humanitarian organizations and women's rights organizations, like the Lebanese Red Cross and various women's associations which focused on the needs of women and children.[4][10] She was the founder and inaugural president of the University Women's Association of Lebanon.[4]

In 1961, Trad-Helou was appointed to serve on the Beirut City Council[11] and proposed a beautification project for the city to preserve its historical monuments and promote tourism.[4][8] Initially there was resistance from council members, but the public supported the efforts.[8] In 1964, when her husband became President of Lebanon, she embarked upon a plan to complete the Baabda Palace, which had been under construction since 1956. Coordinating with the Ministry of Works and Maurice Chehab, head of the Bureau of Antiquities, she proposed changes to the design to make it more authentically Lebanese, using archways and yellow stone. Initially, the couple lived in rented quarters, but in January 1969, it began being used as the official residence of the presidency.[12] When the Baabda Palace was completed, she turned her attention to the presidential summer residence, Beiteddine Palace beginning a renovation project.[8]

Death and legacy

Trad-Helou died from cancer in 1989 and her funeral, attended by many dignitaries, was held on the 1st of April at the chapel of the Holy Spirit University of Kaslik.[10] Her husband published Nina, ou la quête de l'impossible (Nina, or the search for the impossible) in 1991 about her final struggle with disease.[2] The government issued a postal stamp as part of a series on women's firsts in Lebanon which bore her likeness, but it was retracted after it was confirmed she was the second woman to join the bar.[5] In 1993, she was honored posthumously, along with Sonia Ibrahim Attia, by the Arab Lawyers Union at their meeting in Casablanca for her defense of women's rights.[4][13]

Notes

  1. ^ The Beirut Bar Association, specifies that Tamer was registered as "the first female intern".[7] Sources are unclear whether Trad was registered under the same category,[4][5] but she did obtain a degree in law.[3]

References

Citations

Bibliography

  • العلي (Al-Ali), ياسمينة (Yasmina) (April 2017). محكمة" تكشف خطأ في طابع بريدي: بوليت أمسلند أوّل محامية وليست نينا طراد" ["Court" reveals a mistake in the postage stamp: Paulette Amsland first lawyer, not Nina Trad]. Mahkama Magazine (in Arabic). Vol. 16. Al-Nabi Shayth, Beqaa, Lebanon. Archived from the original on 5 September 2019. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  • درويش (Darwish), حسن (Hassan) (2017). نينا طراد.. المحامية الأولى [Nina Trad ... First Lawyer]. Al Raqeeb (in Arabic). Beruit, Lebanon. Archived from the original on 9 February 2019. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  • Fayad, Elie (8 January 2001). "Décès – La mort du président Charles Hélou – Un fin lettré dans la tourmente de l'histoire" [Death – The death of President Charles Helou – A literate end in the turmoil of history]. L'Orient-Le Jour (in French). Beirut, Lebanon. Archived from the original on 5 September 2019. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  • Khal, Helen (2017). "Blanche Loheac-Ammoun". One Fine Art (in Arabic). Kfar Mashoun, Lebanon. Archived from the original on 5 September 2019. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  • مفرّج (Moufarrej), طوني (Tony) (2002). موسوعة قرى ومدن لبنان [Encyclopedia of Villages and Cities of Lebanon] (in Arabic). 6. Beirut, Lebanon: Nobles House. OCLC 1014063093.
  • Schreim, Ghada (October 1995). "Charles Helou: A President Remembers". Prestige. No. 29. Baabda, Lebanon. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  • "91-14753. Hélou, Charles". Bibliographie nationale française. Livres: Notices établies par la Bibliothèque Nationale (in French). Paris, France: Office Général du livre, Bibliothèque Nationale. 13: 2124. 19 June 1991. ISSN 1142-3250. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  • عن سيرة رائدة لبنانية في محراب العدالة [Biography of a Lebanese Leader in the Niche of Justice]. Al-Hayat (in Arabic). London, England. 7 April 2015. Archived from the original on 5 September 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  • "Charles Hélou un être exceptionnel ayant marqué son temps" [Charles Helou an Exceptional Being That Marked His Time]. La Revue du Liban (in French). Beirut, Lebanon: Dar Alf Leila Wa Leila. January 2001. ISSN 1605-9662. Archived from the original on 5 September 2019. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  • عن تشييع عقيلة الرئيس حلو في حضور معلوف وشخصيات [Funeral of the Wife of President Helou in the Presence of Maalouf and Dignitaries]. Ad-Diyar (in Arabic) (310). Beirut, Lebanon. 2 April 1989. Archived from the original on 5 September 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  • "Introduction". Beirut Bar Association. Beirut, Lebanon. 2003. Archived from the original on 8 October 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  • "Paroles de femmes: Amal Haddad" [Words of Women: Amal Haddad] (PDF). Le Bulletin du barreau (in French). Paris, France: Du barreau de Paris (Spécial Femmes): 6–9. March 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 September 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  • المقرّ الرئاسي في بعبدا.. تاريخ في قصر [Presidential residence of Baabda ... History in a palace]. Al Mayadeen (in Arabic). Beirut, Lebanon: Al Mayadeen Satellite Media Network. 31 October 2016. Archived from the original on 6 September 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
Honorary titles Preceded byZelpha Tabet First Lady of Lebanon 1964–1970 Succeeded byIris Handaly