|Nippon Sharyo P865|
|Capacity||180 (76 seats)|
|Operator(s)||Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority|
|Line(s) served|| A Line|
|Car body construction||Low alloy high tensile steel|
|Car length||87 ft (26.52 m) |
|Width||8.7 ft (2.65 m)|
|Height||11.6 ft (3.54 m)|
|Floor height||39 inches|
|Doors||8 (4 per side)|
|Wheel diameter||2.4 ft (0.73 m)|
|Wheelbase||6.2 ft (1.89 m)|
|Maximum speed||55 mph (89 km/h)|
|Weight||94,160 pounds (42,710 kg)|
|Electric system(s)||750 V DC (nominal) from overhead catenary|
|Current collection method||Brecknell Willis & Faiveley pantographs|
|AAR wheel arrangement||B'2'B'|
|Bogies||Inside-bearing type with resilient wheels|
|Braking system(s)||Pulse width controlled electro-pneumatic disc brake|
|Safety system(s)||Emergency brakes, ATP|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8+1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
The P865 was an articulated light rail vehicle used on the Los Angeles County Metro Rail system. It was manufactured by Nippon Sharyo and used on Metro's A Line and E Line.
The trains featured air conditioning, emergency intercoms, wheelchair spaces and automated announcements. They are of an air-electric design, with air powered doors, friction brakes, and a pantograph.
The P865s were the first urban rail vehicles to run in Los Angeles County since the Pacific Electric Railway ceased operations in 1965. The original 54 railcars, numbered 100–153, were ordered at a cost of $1.17 million each. Prior to entering service, all of the railcars were christened after various cities in Los Angeles County; it was in the same style as christening a ship before being launched. Examples include Long Beach (Car 100) and Bell (Car 105).
|Nippon Sharyo P2020|
|Line(s) served|| C Line(1995–2002)|
|Safety system(s)||ATC, CBTC, ATO (pre-2003), ATP|
The P2020 was the newer version of the P865, which had automated control panels for Green Line service since the Green Line was originally intended to be fully automated. A total of 15 vehicles with that model designation were delivered to Metro in 1994. The railcars, numbered 154–168, entered revenue service on the Green Line the following year.
In the early 2000s, the railcars were transferred to the Blue Line fleet when the Green Line received newer Siemens P2000 LRVs. As of April 2021, the P2020s were retired due to exceeding the maximum storage capacity after the final batch of the P3010 were delivered. All 15 railcars were retired throughout early 2021. The last railcars were removed from service on April 23, 2021.
In late 2013, Metro awarded a 60-month fixed price contract to ORX to overhaul the powered axle assemblies for the then twenty-three year old railcars.
The P865s were completely retired in September 2018 after 28 years of service, and were replaced by Kinkisharyo P3010s. While most of the P865s were dismantled for parts and subsequently scrapped, Cars 100 and 144 were retained. Car 100, christened Long Beach and painted in the original LACTC livery, is being preserved for its namesake city. Car 144, christened South Gate, was donated to the Southern California Railway Museum in Perris, California. Both cars are currently preserved in operating condition. Car 100 will be placed on static display in Downtown Long Beach.
The P2020s were towed to Division 16 in Westchester throughout early 2021 via the C and K lines. The fleet has already been scrapped, starting with Car 154 and ending with Car 166. On March 5, P865 Car 100 assisted in the towing operation.
The P865 has made several media appearances other than public service announcements. It was featured in movies such as Lethal Weapon 3, Virtuosity, The Italian Job, and Captain Marvel.