Nippon Sharyo P865
In service1990-2018
ManufacturerNippon Sharyo
Constructed1989-1990
Scrapped2017-2018
Number built54
Number preserved2
Number scrapped52
SuccessorKinkisharyo P3010
FormationSingle unit
Fleet numbers100-153
Capacity180 (76 seats)
Operator(s)Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
Line(s) served A Line
 E Line
Specifications
Car body constructionLow alloy high tensile steel
Car length87 ft (26.52 m)
Articulated car
Width8.7 ft (2.65 m)
Height11.6 ft (3.54 m)
Floor height39 inches
Doors8 (4 per side)
Articulated sections1
Wheel diameter2.4 ft (0.73 m)
Wheelbase6.2 ft (1.89 m)
Maximum speed55 mph (89 km/h)
Weight94,160 pounds (42,710 kg)
HVACYes
Electric system(s)750 V DC (nominal) from overhead catenary
Current collection methodBrecknell Willis & Faiveley pantographs
AAR wheel arrangementB'2'B'
BogiesInside-bearing type with resilient wheels
Braking system(s)Pulse width controlled electro-pneumatic disc brake
Safety system(s)Emergency brakes, ATP
Coupling systemTomlinson
Track gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Notes
[1]

The P865 was an articulated light rail vehicle used on the Los Angeles County Metro Rail system. It was manufactured by Nippon Sharyo and used on Metro's A Line and E Line.

The trains featured air conditioning, emergency intercoms, wheelchair spaces and automated announcements. They are of an air-electric design, with air powered doors, friction brakes, and a pantograph.

Operational history

The P865s were the first urban rail vehicles to run in Los Angeles County since the Pacific Electric Railway ceased operations in 1965. The original 54 railcars, numbered 100–153, were ordered at a cost of $1.17 million each.[2] Prior to entering service, all of the railcars were christened after various cities in Los Angeles County; it was in the same style as christening a ship before being launched.[3][4] Examples include Long Beach (Car 100) and Bell (Car 105).

Nippon Sharyo P2020

Nippon Sharyo P2020
In service1995-2021
ManufacturerNippon Sharyo
Constructed1994-1995
Number built15
Number scrapped14
SuccessorKinkisharyo P3010
FormationSingle unit
Fleet numbers154-168
Line(s) served C Line(1995–2002)
 E Line
 A Line
Specifications
Safety system(s)ATC, CBTC, ATO (pre-2003), ATP

The P2020 was the newer version of the P865, which had automated control panels for Green Line service since the Green Line was originally intended to be fully automated. A total of 15 vehicles with that model designation were delivered to Metro in 1994.[5] The railcars, numbered 154–168, entered revenue service on the Green Line the following year.

In the early 2000s, the railcars were transferred to the Blue Line fleet when the Green Line received newer Siemens P2000 LRVs. As of April 2021, the P2020s were retired due to exceeding the maximum storage capacity after the final batch of the P3010 were delivered. All 15 railcars were retired throughout early 2021. The last railcars were removed from service on April 23, 2021.

Overhaul

In late 2013, Metro awarded a 60-month fixed price contract to ORX to overhaul the powered axle assemblies for the then twenty-three year old railcars.[6]

Retirement and preservation

The P865s were completely retired in September 2018 after 28 years of service, and were replaced by Kinkisharyo P3010s.[7] While most of the P865s were dismantled for parts and subsequently scrapped,[7] Cars 100 and 144 were retained. Car 100, christened Long Beach and painted in the original LACTC livery, is being preserved for its namesake city. Car 144, christened South Gate, was donated to the Southern California Railway Museum in Perris, California. Both cars are currently preserved in operating condition. Car 100 will be placed on static display in Downtown Long Beach.

The P2020s were towed to Division 16 in Westchester throughout early 2021 via the C and K lines. The fleet has already been scrapped, starting with Car 154 and ending with Car 166. On March 5, P865 Car 100 assisted in the towing operation.

In popular culture

The P865 has made several media appearances other than public service announcements. It was featured in movies such as Lethal Weapon 3, Virtuosity, The Italian Job, and Captain Marvel.

See also

References

  1. ^ "LRV for LACMTA". Nippon Sharyo USA. Nippon Sharyo. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  2. ^ Ramberg, Anders (July 13, 1990). "Transit: Sleek New Blue Line Will Debut on Saturday". The Los Angeles Times. p. A22. Retrieved January 7, 2018 – via Newspapers.com. icon of an open green padlock
  3. ^ Ubaldo, Jose (2017-06-22). "The Metro Blue Line says hello/goodbye to new/old rail cars". The Source. Retrieved 2019-07-09.
  4. ^ metrolibrarian (2008-04-18), (1990) "Metro Blue Line Grand Opening and Mobility Promo", retrieved 2019-07-09
  5. ^ "Products". Nippon Sharyo USA. Nippon Sharyo. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  6. ^ "P865/P2020 Light Rail Vehicle Powered Axle Assembly Overhaul" (PDF). media.metro.net. LACMTA. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  7. ^ a b "End of an era: the last P865 light rail car has been decommissioned". The Source. 2018-09-28. Retrieved 2018-10-19.