Nishant
DVD cover
Directed byShyam Benegal
Written byVijay Tendulkar
Satyadev Dubey (dialogues)
Produced byMohan J. Bijlani
Freni Variava
Starring
CinematographyGovind Nihalani
Edited byBhanudas Divakar
Music byVanraj Bhatia
Release date
  • 5 September 1975 (1975-09-05) (India)
Running time
143 min
CountryIndia
LanguageHindi

Nishant (English: Night's End) is a 1975 Hindi drama film directed by Shyam Benegal, based on an original screenplay by noted playwright Vijay Tendulkar, with dialogues by Satyadev Dubey.[1]

The film features an ensemble of parallel cinema actors including Girish Karnad, Amrish Puri, Shabana Azmi, Anant Nag and Sadhu Meher with Smita Patil and Naseeruddin Shah (In his film debut). This film focuses on the power of the rural elite and the sexual exploitation of women, during the time of feudalism in India.

The film won the 1977 National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi. The film was selected to compete for the Palme d'Or at the 1976 Cannes Film Festival. The film was invited to the London Film Festival of 1976, the Melbourne International Film Festival of 1977, and the Chicago International Film Festival of 1977, where it was awarded the Golden Plaque.[2]

Plot

Vishwam (Naseeruddin Shah) is the youngest brother of the powerful and influential village Zamindar (Amrish Puri). The Zamindar will not hesitate to do anything for the welfare and protection of his family, which also includes bending the law to his own advantage. The shy and quiet Vishwam is married to Rukmani (Smita Patil) and, unlike his brothers Anjaiya (Anant Nag) and Prasad (Mohan Agashe), does not indulge in alcohol or women.

The village gets a new schoolmaster (Girish Karnad), who has a wife, Sushila (Shabana Azmi). When Vishwam sees her for the first time, he is unable to take his eyes off her, and unable to get her out of his mind. Sushila does not reciprocate his attentions. One night, while the schoolmaster is enjoying a quiet dinner with his family, the bell rings and the two older brothers of Vishwam grab Sushila and take her forcibly when she goes to answer the door. Several people are present, but no one dares to raise a hand nor even a voice to stop this abduction. The distraught schoolteacher, who is denied justice by everyone from the local police officer to the district collector, is helped by the old priest (Satyadev Dubey) and finally they succeed in mobilizing the villagers and they slaughter their oppressors. In the end the frenzied villagers also kill the innocent Rukmani as well as Sushila whom her husband tried to rescue.[3]

Cast

Production

Smita Patil and Naseeruddin Shah made debut in this film.

The shooting location is Pochampalli village in Andhra Pradesh, known as 'weavers village' and is popular for its hand woven sarees.

Soundtrack

The movie has only one song at the end "Piya Baj Pyala" sung by Preeti Sagar and the music is given by Vanraj Bhatia.

Reception

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The film, is one of the landmark films of Indian art house cinema has received praise from all quarters. The daily newspaper The Hindu praised the movie greatly in its article dated 4 October 2012, in the following words: "Miles removed from the work of everyday filmmakers, for many of whom cinema is nothing more than a hero waiting in eager anticipation of the heroine and post-dinner desserts, Benegal's "Nishant" (Night's End) is a dawn that did not come an hour too soon. The National Award for the best film, the nomination for the Oscars were just rewards for a film that lived up to its name. "[1]

Accolades

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1975 Freni M. Variava, Mohan J. Bijlani National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi Won
1976 Freni M. Variava, Mohan J. Bijlani Bengal Film Journalists' Association – Best Indian Films Award[4] Won
Shyam Benegal[4] Best Director (Hindi section) - Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards Won
Vijay Tendulkar Best Screenplay (Hindi section) - Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards Won
Shyam Benegal[5] Palme d'Or Nominated

References

  1. ^ a b Ziya Us Salam (4 October 2012). "Nishant (1975)". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  2. ^ Shyam Benegal Awards
  3. ^ Plot summary
  4. ^ a b "39th Annual BFJA Awards". BFJA. Archived from the original on 19 January 2008. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  5. ^ Nishant - Awards Internet Movie Database