Niter kibbeh
Kitfo with Ayibe..JPG
Kitfo is a minced raw beef dish that incorporates niter kibbeh and a spice blend (mitmita).
Alternative namesNiter qibe
TypeSeasoned, clarified butter
Region or stateEritrea and Ethiopia
Main ingredientsButter
Ingredients generally usedSpices
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Niter kibbeh, or niter qibe (Amharic: ንጥር ቅቤ niṭer ḳibē), also called tesmi (in Tigrinya), is a seasoned, clarified butter used in Ethiopian and Eritrean cuisine. Its preparation is similar to that of ghee, but niter kibbeh is simmered with spices such as besobela (known as Ethiopian sacred basil), koseret,[1][2] fenugreek, cumin, coriander, turmeric, Ethiopian cardamom (korarima),[3] cinnamon, or nutmeg before straining, imparting a distinct, spicy aroma. The version using vegetable oil instead of butter is called yeqimem zeyet.[4]

See also


  1. ^ Milkias, Paulos (2011-05-18). Ethiopia. ABC-CLIO. p. 359. ISBN 9781598842586.
  2. ^ Sishu, riot; Yonathan, Mariamawit; Seyoum, Ameha; Asres, Kaleab (2005). "Radical Scavenging Activity of Volatile Oils of herbs Traditionally Used to Spice Cooking Butter in Ethiopia" (pdf). Ethiopian Pharmaceutical Journal. 23: 7–14. doi:10.4314/epj.v23i1.35086. ISSN 1029-5933. Retrieved 2017-08-07.
  3. ^ "Authentic Niter Kibbeh (Ethiopian Spiced Clarified Butter)". The Daring Gourmet. 2018-04-15. Retrieved 2020-01-16.
  4. ^ Berns, Kittee (2015). Teff Love: Adventures in Vegan Ethiopian Cooking. Summertown, TN: Book Publishing Company. pp. 10, 19, 25. ISBN 9781570673115. OCLC 957165155.