Norm Bright
Norm Bright 1946.jpg
Bright in 1946
Personal information
BornMay 4, 1910[1]
Mossyrock, Washington, U.S.
DiedAugust 29, 1996 (aged 86)
Seattle, U.S.[2]
Sport
SportAthletics
Event(s)800–10,000 m
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s)1500 m – 3:56.6 (1935)
mile – 4:14.5 (1935)
5000 m – 14:39.4 (1938)
10,000 m – 33:53.0 (1944)[1]
Bright in 1983
Bright in 1983

Norman Bright (May 4, 1910 – August 29, 1996) was an American runner, mountaineer, and teacher. Bright once held the American record in the two-mile run.[3]

Biography

Bright was the son of a school principal and a teacher. Born in Mossyrock, Washington, he was one of eleven children. Bright's mother reportedly rubbed olive oil into his legs as an infant when she was told by a doctor that her son was not "moving and working his muscles enough". Bright attended Western Washington University where he earned a teaching degree, Stanford University where he earned a bachelor's degree, and Miami University where he earned a master's degree in counseling.[2]

During World War II, Bright served in the United States Army.[2] He was initially rejected due to a slow pulse, however, he went to another enlistment center after running three miles to raise his heart rate.[4] In 1945, Bright married Franca Fiorentino whom he had met in New York City. The couple had one daughter, and later divorced. Bright moved to Seattle in 1966 and worked for the Seattle School District as a psychologist.[2]

Bright participated in the Olympic trials in 1936, but failed to qualify, finishing fifth in the 5,000 m after twisting an ankle collapsing in the 100 degree temperatures that had a third of the field unable to finish the race.[2][5][6] He was the winner of the 1937 Bay to Breakers, setting the course record as the first man to run under 40 minutes.[2][7][8] That same year, he set a course record of 47:22 at the Dipsea Race, but finished second due to the impairing nature of the event.[9] Thirty-three years later in 1970, he won the event.[10] The Norman Bright Award is given for "Extraordinary Effort in the Dipsea".[11]

In the mid-1960s, Bright began to slowly lose his eyesight due to atrophy of the optic nerves. [12] [13] In 1978, he was struck by a bus, breaking numerous bones; his vision has faded rapidly since then. [13] [14] He needed a "guide," to keep him on course.[2] Rules have been developed to ensure blind athletes do not gain an advantage when led in a race.[15]

In 1975 he set the M65 World record over 800 m and 1500 m distances while winning at the first Association of Veteran Athletes (WAVA) World Championships in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.[16][17] He was the first 65-year-old under 5 minutes in the 1500 m. He also won the steeplechase at the same meet.

In 1976 he ran the Bay to Breakers with the guide (39 years after his victory in the event).[2] Later that year he set the M65 American record in the 10,000 m that still stands.[18]

Bright was also a mountaineer reported to have climbed every major peak in the United States.[2]

Bright is mentioned in Laura Hillenbrand's best-selling biography about Louis Zamperini, Unbroken: A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption. Bright appeared on the cover of Runners World in September 1974, running a steeplechase at the age of 64 and nearly blind.

Bright was a member of San Francisco's Olympic Club.[7]

In 2000 he was elected into the USATF Masters Hall of Fame.[19]

Bright died in Seattle due to complications from pneumonia and cancer.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b Norman Bright. trackfield.brinkster.net
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Bjorhus, Jennifer; Norton, Dee (September 6, 1996). "Norm Bright, Blind Marathon Runner, Dies Of Cancer At 86". The Seattle Times.
  3. ^ "WESTERN ALL-CENTURY TRACK AND FIELD TEAMS" (PDF). Grfx.cstv.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-12. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  4. ^ Bright Kunkel, Georgie (August 21, 2008). "West Seattle Herald: My brother was a long-distance runner". Retrieved March 4, 2022.
  5. ^ "Runner's World | Shoe reviews, training advice, running news, nutrition tips". Runningtimes.com. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  6. ^ Hymans, Richard. "The History of the United States Olympic Trials : Track & Field" (PDF). Usatf.org. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  7. ^ a b c Zane, Maitland (September 19, 1996). "Leonard Wallach – B2B director – dies". The San Francisco Chronicle.
  8. ^ Benyo, Richard; Henderson, Joe (2002). "B: BAA to Bush, George W.". Running Encyclopedia: The Ultimate Source for Today's Runner. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics. pp. 25–26. ISBN 9780736037341.
  9. ^ Spitz, Barry. "99th Dipsea: Makela joins Hall of Fame". Mercury News. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  10. ^ "The History of the Dipsea Race". Dipsea.org. 1905-11-19. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  11. ^ "The Dipsea Race: 2010 Race Summary". Dipsea.org. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  12. ^ "3126 from 42 nations compete in 3rd WORLD VETERANS CHAMPIONSHIPd" (PDF). National Masters News. Museum of Masters Track & Field. September 1979. p. 10.
  13. ^ a b "Blind Man Jogs Alone" (PDF). mastershistory.org. Los Angeles Times. Jan 29, 1978. p. 15.
  14. ^ "Indefatigable Bright a long-distance legend". Western Washington University Athletics. May 19, 1983.
  15. ^ "IPC Athletics – News, Events & Paralympic Athlete Bios" (PDF). Ipc-athletics.paralympic.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-09-14. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  16. ^ "Results of the World Masters Track and Field Championships : Toronto, Canada" (PDF). Mastershistory. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  17. ^ "The World Association of Veteran Athletes" (PDF). Usatf.org. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  18. ^ "Statistics – Records". USATF.org. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  19. ^ "Masters Hall of Fame". USATF.org. Retrieved 2016-08-20.

Bibliography