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Northern Minnesota Wetlands
Map of ecoregions of the Upper Midwest
Map of ecoregions of the Upper Midwest, with Northern Minnesota Wetlands shown as number 49
CountryUnited States

The Northern Minnesota Wetlands ecoregion is a Level III ecoregion designated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in northern Minnesota[1] in the United States. Designated as ecoregion number 49, the ecoregion is sparsely populated and generally features conifer bog, mixed forest, and boreal forest vegetation. Much of the Northern Minnesota Wetlands is covered by standing water although some low-gradient streams and rivers occur in the eastern part; lakes in the region tend to have lower phosphorus and algae concentrations than some other parts of the state due to an abundance of forests and less agriculture.[2]

Level IV ecoregions

Following is a list of smaller Level IV ecoregions within the Northern Minnesota Wetlands ecoregion, as defined by the EPA.

Number Ecoregion name Description
49a Peatlands One of the largest areas of contiguous wetland in the contiguous United States, common features of this region include bogs and fens, and the cold climate and wet soils limit agriculture. Almost a fifth of the area is part of the Red Lake Indian Reservation, which is held by the Red Lake Band of Ojibwe as the only closed reservation in Minnesota - meaning that all land is held in common by the tribe instead of being allotted into private property.
49b Forested Lake Plains This region contains mostly wetland and forest, with more forest in the northeastern part and interspersed through the southern part of the region. The topography is generally flat.

See also


  1. ^ "Minnesota level III and IV ecoregions" (PDF). United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-04-21. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  2. ^ "Minnesota Ecoregions". United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2007-12-27. Archived from the original on July 20, 2021. Retrieved 2022-05-05.