|Headquarters||Miami, Florida, United States|
|Harry Sommer (CEO)|
|Revenue||$6.06 billion (2018)|
|Parent||Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings|
Norwegian Cruise Line (NCL), also known in short as Norwegian, is an American cruise line founded in 1966, incorporated in Bermuda and headquartered in Miami. It is the third-largest cruise line in the world by passengers, controlling about 8.7% of the total worldwide share of the cruise market by passengers as of 2018[update]. It is wholly owned by parent company Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings.
The cruise line was founded in 1966 by Norwegian Knut Kloster and Israeli Ted Arison, with the 8,666-ton, 140-m long cruise ship/car ferry, Sunward, which in 1966 operated as a car ferry between Southampton UK and Gibraltar, for that one short season only. The Sunward was first managed under the Arison Shipping Company, and marketed as Ensign Cruises. Arison soon left to form Carnival Cruise Lines, while Kloster acquired additional ships for Caribbean service, with the line renamed and marketed as Norwegian Caribbean Line.
Norwegian pioneered many firsts in the cruise industry, such as the first out island, Great Stirrup Cay in the Bahamas,[further explanation needed] the first combined air-sea program (marketed as "Cloud 9 Cruises"), which combined low-cost air fares with the cruise, and first shipline to develop new ports in the Caribbean, such as Ocho Rios in Jamaica.
Norwegians's second and third ship, the Starward and Skyward, were the first newly built ships designed for the cruise line. Like the original Sunward of 1966, they had the capability to carry automobiles through a well-concealed stern door. Later, this area was turned into cabins and a two-deck movie theater, later to be used as a casino. Norwegian was responsible for many of the cruise innovations that have now become standard throughout the industry.
Norwegian would order two additional ships, that would be their first true cruise ships without any car carrying capacity. This would be the Southward in 1971, and an intended identical sister the Seaward, that would never be delivered to the line, and would be completed for P&O Cruises instead. The line would sell its original ship the Sunward in 1973, being too small in inadequate for the modern cruise market. They would purchase the former Cunard Adventurer in 1977, refitting her with the trademark NCL funnels, and renamed Sunward II.
Norwegian made headlines with the acquisition of the liner SS France in 1979, rebuilding the liner as a cruise ship and renaming her ''Norway''  The conversion cost more than US$100million. At 1,000 ft (305 m) long and displacing 52,000 tons, the Norway was at the time significantly larger than any existing cruise ship, and exploited the extra space available by adding a greater-than-usual variety of onboard entertainment. Her success paved the way for a new era of giant cruise ships.
With an aging, small ship fleet by the late 1980s compared to the larger modern ships being built for competitors Carnival and Royal Caribbean, Norwegian attempted to catch up with an order of a new ship in 1987, the new Seaward, the lines first new build since 1971.  Norwegian parent company Kloster would transfer two of the recently acquired Royal Viking Line ships to Norwegian, that would be come the Westward and Sunward (III). Kloster would acquire Royal Cruise Line in 1989–90, and would eventually transfer the Westward to their fleet. Norwegian would also continue with further orders of new ships in the early 1990s, not trying to compete with the large size cruise ship building trend of competitors, but with the smaller with the Dreamward and Windward to offer better flexibility with itineraries.
The line would continue to acquire second hand ships in the mid-1990s, with the addition of the Leeward in 1995. In 1996 the Crown Odyssey which was part of NCL's subsidy line Royal Cruise Line, was transferred and became the Norwegian Crown. In 1997 Norwegian acquired Majesty Cruise Line, and would add their two ships, which became the Norwegian Majesty and Norwegian Dynasty. During this time Norwegian would rename all its ships with the "Norwegian" prefix (excluding the SS Norway), and change its livery for the second time to a dark blue funnel with gold NCL logo.
Norwegian has expanded to other parts of the world, including Alaska, Europe, Bermuda, and Hawaii. Between 1997 and 2001, the company also operated cruises out of Australia under the name Norwegian Capricorn Line and acquired Orient Lines in 1998.
Norwegian was sold by Kloster to Star Cruises in 2000, a subsidiary of Genting Hong Kong, part of the Malaysia-based Genting Group. Under the new ownership a new concept was introduced with the newly completed ship, Norwegian Sky, freestyle cruising. This concept freed passengers from fixed formal dining times, instead there was relaxed attire, several distinct dining options, relaxed disembarkation and more lounges, bars, theatres and other entertainment and activity options, a change that would have a ripple effect across the cruise industry.
With the financial backing of Star Cruises, the struggling Norwegian Cruise Line was able to begin to replace much of its older and second hand fleet with new ships. In addition to the Norwegian Sun, Star Cruises had ships already on order for their own fleet at Meyer Werft, which would be transferred to Norwegian during construction, with the first two debuting as the Norwegian Star in 2001 and Norwegian Dawn in 2002. These would be followed by an accelerated new build program, adding four more new ships over a five-year period.
In 2002, Norwegian purchased the half-complete hull of the first Project America ship, at the time under construction at Ingalls Shipbuilding in Pascagoula, Mississippi, US, which was towed to Germany to be completed at the Lloyd Werft shipyard. Subsequently, Norwegian acquired the rights to move two ships built entirely outside the United States under the US flag, making it possible to start a US-flagged operation under the brand name NCL America. In 2003, the company announced the purchase of the American-flagged liners United States and Independence. In their July 2007 fiscal report, Norwegian noted the sale of the Independence, renamed SS Oceanic some time before. On July 1, 2010, the SS United States Conservancy struck a deal to buy the SS United States for $3 million. On February 1, 2011, the ownership was officially transferred to the SS United States Conservancy.
A boiler explosion in May 2003 forced Norwegian to withdraw the Norway from service, later being laid up in Bremerhaven, Germany, until 2005, when she was towed to Port Klang Malaysia with the claimed intent to use her as an anchored casino or slow overnight casino cruises on her remaining boilers. Instead, she was sold for scrap and renamed the Blue Lady and later beached at Alang, Gujarat, India, in August 2006 with claims that she had not been cleaned of toxic materials. On September 11, 2007, the India Supreme Court issued an order permitting her to be broken up at Alang, despite the presence of large amounts of hazardous asbestos remaining on board.
In August 2007, Star Cruises sold 50% of Norwegian for $1 billion to US-based Apollo Management to strengthen Norwegian's financial position. In 2007, Star Cruises sold Orient Line's Marco Polo to Transocean Tours, and Orient Lines ceased operations in early 2008.
Following an initial public offering and corporate reorganisation in 2013, Norwegian was made a wholly owned subsidiary of Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings (NCLH), while Norwegian's previous owners Genting Hong Kong, Apollo Management and TPG Capital exchanged their stakes in Norwegian for shares in the newly listed NCLH.
Norwegian reported in February 2008 that the Pride of Aloha, one of the two remaining NCL America ships, would be withdrawn from service in May of the same year. Initial reports suggested she would be transferred to the fleet of Star Cruises, but it was later announced that she would return to the Norwegian international fleet as the Norwegian Sky, while the Norwegian Majesty and Norwegian Dream would be sold to Louis Cruise Lines.
Two ships in this Epic class were ordered by NCL in November 2006, with an option for a third vessel that was not exercised. A dispute between NCL and STX initially resulted in the construction of both ships being placed on hold until a new agreement was reached. The agreement called for completion of the first ship; the second ship was cancelled in 2008. The sole remaining ship, Norwegian Epic, was delivered to NCL on 17 June 2010.
On October 17, 2012, Meyer Werft and Norwegian reached a second agreement for the construction of two new vessels, slated for delivery in October 2015 and 2017, respectively. The project was under the code name "Breakaway Plus Class", with the vessels expected to be 163,000 gross tons and hold 4,200 passengers. The Norwegian Escape entered service in November 2015 and weighs 164,600 tons. Two more vessels were ordered on July 14, 2014, and they will enter service in 2018 and 2019 and will be slightly bigger at 164,000 GT.
The sale of the Norwegian Dream was subsequently cancelled. The Norwegian Dream became the Superstar Gemini for Star Cruises, from January 2013.
On June 1, 2012, Norwegian announced the signing of a memorandum of agreement to exercise its option to purchase Norwegian Sky. The purchase price was roughly $260 million, financing being provided by the seller.
In December 2016, Norwegian Cruise Line announced it had reached an agreement with the Cuban government. In May 2017, the Norwegian Sky was the first Norwegian Cruise Line vessel to ever visit Cuba. The Norwegian Sky makes weekly trips from Miami to Havana, making Norwegian the only line sailing that route weekly.
On May 2, 2017, Norwegian Cruise Line announced a new PortMiami Terminal. The construction began on May 1, 2018, and is scheduled for completion by fall 2019. Between 2022 and 2025, Fincantieri intends to deliver four ships and in July 2018, the company announced an order for two more Project Leonardo ships. They are expected to enter service in 2026 and 2027. In December 2018, Norwegian revealed plans to build a new pier in Alaska's Icy Strait Point.
In March 2020, the Miami New Times reported that managers at Norwegian had prepared a set of responses intended to convince customers wary of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic to book cruises, including "blatantly false" claims that the coronavirus "can only survive in cold temperatures, so the Caribbean is a fantastic choice for your next cruise", that "[s]cientists and medical professionals have confirmed that the warm weather of the spring will be the end of the [c]oronavirus", and that the virus "cannot live in the amazingly warm and tropical temperatures that your cruise will be sailing to."
On March 14, 2020, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a No Sail Order for cruise ships. Concurrently Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings implemented a suspension of all cruise voyages across its three brands (Norwegian Cruise Line, Oceania Cruises, and Regent Seven Seas Cruises), with all 28 ships in port or at anchor and all passengers disembarked by March 28, 2020. This suspension has subsequently been extended through June 30, 2020.: S-1
On May 5, 2020, in a filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission, Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings (NCLH) said there is “substantial doubt” about its ability to continue as a “going concern” as it faces a liquidity crisis over the next twelve months.: S-6
By the next day, NCLH was able to secure over $2.2 billion of additional liquidity in oversubscribed capital markets transactions, but at a price: (1) $400 million in common stock at $11 per share; (2) $675 million in senior secured notes due 2024 at a 12.25% interest rate; (3) $750 million in exchangeable notes due 2024 at 6% interest rate, and exchangeable at any time into common shares at $13.75; and (4) $400 million private investment from a global private equity firm. On May 7, 2020, NCLH CEO declared that the company has secured enough liquidity to get through potentially 18 months of zero revenues and may resume cruising later in 2020.
In anticipation of sailing again, Norwegian is implementing new health and safety measures, including installing H13 HEPA air filters. The company is also working with the CDC and the new color-coding system to indicate each ship's COVID-19 status, and to repatriate Norwegian crews still stuck aboard their vessel.
Even though the company lost $4 billion and furloughed 20 percent of its staff, it doubled the salary of its chief executive, Frank Del Rio, to $36.4 million.
As of September 2022[update], Norwegian Cruise Line operates 18 cruise ships, with five on order. It has also previously owned or operated 19 other ships. All its ships are flagged to the Bahamas, except for the Pride of America, which operates cruises within the United States and is flagged and registered in the US, as well as being owned by a US-registered subsidiary, NCL America.
|Ship||Built||In service for NCL||Last
|2019||77,104||1,928||Bahamas||Originally constructed as Costa Olympia but sold to NCL during construction, sailed under NCL America as Pride of Aloha from 2004 to 2008|
|Norwegian Star||2001||2001–present||2018||91,740||2,348||Bahamas||Originally ordered as Superstar Libra|
|Norwegian Dawn||2002||2002–present||June 2016||92,250||2,340||Bahamas||Originally ordered as SuperStar Scorpio|
|Norwegian Spirit||1998||2004–present||January 2020||75,904||2,018||Bahamas||Previously SuperStar Leo|
|Pride of America class|
|Pride of America||2005||2005–present||March 2016||80,439||2,186||United States||The only US flagged cruise ship|
|Norwegian Jewel||2005||2005–present||November 2018||93,502||2,376||Bahamas|
|Norwegian Jade||2006||2006–present||March 2017||93,558||2,402||Bahamas||Formerly Pride Of Hawaii, renamed in 2008.|
|Norwegian Pearl||2006||2006–present||February 2017||93,530||2,394||Bahamas|
|Norwegian Gem||2007||2007–present||November 2015||93,530||2,394||Bahamas|
|Norwegian Epic||2010||2010–present||October 2015||155,873||4,100||Bahamas||The only ship in her class|
|Norwegian Breakaway||2013||2013–present||April 2018||145,655||3,963||Bahamas|
|Norwegian Getaway||2014||2014–present||June 2019||145,655||3,963||Bahamas|
|Norwegian Escape||2015||2015–present||None||164,600||4,266||Bahamas||'Breakaway Plus' subclass|
|Norwegian Joy||2017||2017–present||February 2019||167,725||3,883||Bahamas||'Breakaway Plus' subclass|
|Norwegian Bliss||2018||2018–present||None||168,028||4,002||Bahamas||'Breakaway Plus' subclass|
|Norwegian Encore||2019||2019–present||None||169,145||3,998||Bahamas||'Breakaway Plus' subclass. Largest ship in NCL's fleet.|
|Ship||Inaugural Voyage||Gross tonnage||Passengers||Flag||Notes||Image|
|Norwegian Viva||2023||About 140,000||3,215|
|Status as of 2022||Image|
|Sunward||1966||1966–1973||10,558||Scrapped in 2004 at Chittagong, Bangladesh.|
|Starward||1968||1968–1995||15,781||Scrapped in 2018 at Alang, India.|
|Skyward||1969||1969–1991||15,653||Scrapped in 2021 at Alang, India.|
|Southward||1971||1971–1994||16,710||Scrapped in 2013 at Aliaga, Turkey.|
|Sunward II||1971||1977–1991||14,194||Scrapped in 2014 at Alang, India.|
|Norway||1961||1979–2003||76,049||Scrapped in 2008 at Alang, India.|
|Seaward / Norwegian Sea||1988||1988–2005||42,285||Scrapped in 2022 in Aliağa, Turkey.|
|Westward||1972||1991–1993||28,613||Sold for scrap in 2022 at Alang, India.|
|28,551||Scrapped in 2021 at Aliaga, Turkey.|
|Dreamward / Norwegian Dream||1992||1992–2008||50,764||Since 2012 SuperStar Gemini for Star Cruises.
Sold for scrap in 2022
|Windward / Norwegian Wind||1993||1993–2007||51,309||Since 2007 SuperStar Aquarius for Star Cruises.
Sold for scrap in 2022
|Leeward||1980||1995–1999||25,611||Since 2007 Cristal for Louis Cruise Lines.|
|43,537||Since 2008 Balmoral for Fred. Olsen Cruise Lines.|
|Norwegian Star||1973||1997–1998||28,518||Scrapped in 2021 in Alang, India|
|Norwegian Dynasty||1993||1997–1999||24,344||Since 2001 Braemar for Fred. Olsen Cruise Lines.|
|Norwegian Majesty||1992||1997–2009||41,662||Since 2018 Crown Iris for Mano Maritime.|
Ships which NCL had options on using but never took up for various reasons.
|Status as of 2022||Image|
|Independence||1951||26,658||Wrecked and scrapped in 2010 off Alang, India.|
|SS United States||1952||38,216||Laid up in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.|
|Seaward||1972||17,042||Sank in 2016 near the port of Laem Chabang, Thailand.|
Norwegian owns two private islands in the Caribbean: Harvest Caye in Belize and Great Stirrup Cay in the Bahamas.
Norwegian Cruise Line subsidiary lines over the years:
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Dr. Ravinder Kanda, senior lecturer in evolutionary genomics at Oxford Brookes University, U,.K., told Newsweek: "Little is known about the seasonal dynamics of this particular virus—we cannot take it for granted that the warmer weather will simply drive the virus out of existence."
Dr. Nancy Messionnier of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, warned against assuming the number of cases will slow as the weather warms. “I think it’s premature to assume that,” she said during a call with reporters on Feb. 12. “We haven’t been through even a single year with this pathogen.”
"We hope that the gradual spring will help this virus recede, but our crystal ball is not very clear. The new coronavirus is a respiratory virus, and we know respiratory viruses are often seasonal, but not always. For example, influenza (flu) tends to be seasonal in the U.S., but in other parts of the world, it exists year-round. Scientists don’t fully understand why even though we have been studying [the] flu for many years,” Dr. William Schaffner, the medical director of the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases, told Fox News in an email.
The factors described above, in particular the suspension of cruise voyages and decline in advanced bookings, as well as debt maturities and other obligations over the next year, have raised substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern, as the Company does not have sufficient liquidity to meet its obligations over the next twelve months, assuming no additional financing or other proactive measures.