Nowata, Oklahoma
Nuwatu, Nuwi ta
Nowata County Courthouse (2016)
Nowata County Courthouse (2016)
Location of Nowata within Oklahoma
Location of Nowata within Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°41′43″N 95°38′15″W / 36.69528°N 95.63750°W / 36.69528; -95.63750Coordinates: 36°41′43″N 95°38′15″W / 36.69528°N 95.63750°W / 36.69528; -95.63750
CountryUnited States
 • Total3.41 sq mi (8.83 km2)
 • Land3.40 sq mi (8.82 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation709 ft (216 m)
 • Total3,517
 • Density1,032.89/sq mi (398.83/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)539/918
FIPS code40-52900 [3]
GNIS feature ID1096069 [2]
WebsiteCity website

Nowata (Lenape: Nuwatu, Nuwi ta [4]) is a city and county seat of Nowata County, Oklahoma, United States.[5] The population was 3,731 at the United States Census, 2010, a 6.0 percent decline from the figure of 3,971 recorded in 2000.[6] The area where it was established was then part of the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory.


The first community established at this site was named Metz, named for its first postmaster, Fred Metzner. The name was changed even before the railroad was built in 1889.[7] Nowata served as a train stop for Native Americans from the East being forced to resettle by the United States government. Some controversy exists about the meaning of the town name. The Lenape tribesmen who passed through named it "nuwita," meaning "friendly" or "welcome."[8] In the Cherokee language, the town is called ᎠᎹᏗᎧᏂᎬᎬ (A-ma-di-ka-ni-gunh-gunh, roughly), which means, "water is all gone," translating what it sounded like the word meant: No Water.[9]

Cherokee Bill Goldsby posing with his captors during a stop by train to Nowata, 1895. Left to right are #5)Zeke Crittenden; #4)Dick Crittenden;Cherokee Bill; #2)Clint Scales, #1) Ike Rogers; #3) Deputy Marshall Bill Smith.[10]
Cherokee Bill Goldsby posing with his captors during a stop by train to Nowata, 1895. Left to right are #5)Zeke Crittenden; #4)Dick Crittenden;Cherokee Bill; #2)Clint Scales, #1) Ike Rogers; #3) Deputy Marshall Bill Smith.[10]

In 1889, the Kansas and Arkansas Valley Railway (later part of the Missouri Pacific Railway) built a line through Nowata. A post office was established in the town on November 8, 1889. Nowata was incorporated April 17, 1899. By 1900, Nowata had 498 residents.[8]

Oil and gas were discovered nearby in 1904, stimulating the Nowata economy. The find established Nowata as "...a region (having) a reputation for being the world's largest shallow oil field." Some wells in this field have continued to produce into the twenty-first century.[8]

A Federal court was established in 1904, and met on the third floor of the new building owned by the First National Bank of Nowata. The building housing the court burned down in 1909, destroying all records and forcing the court to move temporarily to another building. When Oklahoma became a state on November 16, 1907, Nowata County was created and named for the city, which was designated as the county seat. By that time, the city population had climbed to 2,233. A permanent Nowata County Courthouse was completed in 1912, and remains in use at present. It is the only local property listed on the National Record of Historic Places.[8]

On September 29, 1916, two men, accused of killing a deputy sheriff, were taken from the Nowata jail by a mob and lynched in front of the courthouse.[11]

Nowata's peak population was 4,435 in 1920. The city became the southern terminus of the Union Electric Railway, which continued to serve the city until 1948. Newspapers included the Nowata Herald and the Nowata Advertiser.. The town had 850 telephones by 1930. However, the 1930 census showed the first population decline in the city's history, to nearly the 1910 level.


Nowata is 51 miles (82 km) north of Tulsa and 21 miles (34 km) south of the Kansas state line.[8] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2), all land. Yet the Virdigris River runs through it.


Nowata is the home of the coldest temperature ever recorded in the state of Oklahoma. A thermometer at an Oklahoma Mesonet site in Nowata recorded a low temperature of −31 °F (−35 °C) on the morning of February 10, 2011.[12] A week later, the high temperature was 79 °F (26 °C), which is 110°F (61°C) higher.[13]


Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 3,971 people, 1,622 households, and 1,026 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,280.5 people per square mile (494.6/km2). There were 1,853 housing units at an average density of 597.5 per square mile (230.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 70.08% White, 4.66% African American, 16.02% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 8.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.18% of the population.

There were 1,622 households, out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.6% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,835, and the median income for a family was $31,836. Males had a median income of $26,556 versus $18,989 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,633. About 11.6% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.


At the beginning of the 21st Century, Nowata had 130 different businesses. The most notable was the forty-bed Jane Phillips Nowata Health Center. The weekly Nowata Star newspaper kept readers informed about local events and issues.[8]


The city has a council-manager form of government.[8]


Mural in Nowata
Mural in Nowata

Nowata is served by two U.S. Highways, one airport, and one Class 1 railroad



Nowata Municipal Airport is located on the north side of the city on US-169. Runway 17/35 is 2,500 by 45 feet (762 by 14 m) and is an asphalt paved runway. Runway 5/23 is a grass runway measuring 2,500 by 45 feet (762 by 14 m). Nowata Municipal Airport is owned by the City of Nowata.


Nowata Oklahoma is served by the Union Pacific Railroad. The Wagoner Subdivision begins to the north in the nearby city of Coffeyville Kansas and runs roughly parallel with US-169 through Nowata County. The subdivision runs through the towns of South Coffeyville, Lenapah, Delaware, Nowata, and Watova. The Union Pacific Wagoner Subdivision and the Burlington Northern & Santa Fe Cherokee Subdivision has its diamond in the nearby city of Claremore Oklahoma. The south end of the Wagoner Subdivision is located in the city of Van Buren Arkansas.


Nowata was the setting for the 1998 movie Possums. In the movie, a man played by Mac Davis tries to bring back the town's cancelled high school football program. Scenes were filmed in town and guest starred Barry Switzer and many locals.

Notable people

See also


  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Nowata, Oklahoma
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Lenape Talking Dictionary". Archived from the original on 2014-03-10. Retrieved 2012-05-27.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ "MuniNet Guide: Nowata, Oklahoma". Archived from the original on 10 March 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  7. ^ Cheatham, Glen. "Nowata County." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed July 25, 2016.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Bamberg, Maxine. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Nowata" Retrieved September 30, 2011.[1]
  9. ^ Holmes, Ruth Bradley and Smith, Betty Sharp. Beginning Cherokee, 2nd Edition. University of Oklahoma Press, 1977.
  10. ^ Hell on the Border: He Hanged Eighty-eight Men. A History of the Great ...By S. W. Harman p.397
  11. ^ Cincinnati Enquirer, September 30, 1916
  12. ^ "Record low temperatures in Oklahoma, Missouri and Texas". Reuters. February 10, 2011.
  13. ^ "Temperature swings 100 degrees in one week in Okla. town - Yahoo! News". Archived from the original on 2011-02-21.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2016.