Ocotea porosa
Ocotea porosa - Jardim Botânico de São Paulo - IMG 0360.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Family: Lauraceae
Genus: Ocotea
O. porosa
Binomial name
Ocotea porosa
(Nees & Martius) Barroso
  • Cinnamomum porosum (Nees & Mart.) Kosterm.
  • Nectandra dubia Hassl.
  • Nectandra speciosa Chanc.
  • Oreodaphne porosa Nees & Mart.
  • Phoebe porosa (Nees & Mart.) Mez
Ocotea porosa00.jpg

Ocotea porosa is a species of plant in the Lauraceae, often placed in the related genus Phoebe. It is commonly called imbuia or Brazilian walnut[3] because its wood resembles that of some walnuts (to which it is not related). The tree is a major commercial timber species in Brazil, used for high-end furniture, mostly as decorative veneers, and as flooring.[4] The wood is very hard, measuring 3,684 lbf (16,390 N) on the Janka scale. The wood is also fragrant[5] with hints of nutmeg and cinnamon (also a member of the Lauraceae). The tree is also a popular horticultural tree in subtropical regions of the world. In its native habitat it is a threatened species.

Portuguese common names (with variant spellings) include embuia, embúia, embuya, imbuia, imbúia, imbuya, canela-imbuia.


The tree grows naturally in the subtropical montane Araucaria angustifolia rain forests of southern Brazil, mostly in the states of Paraná and Santa Catarina, and in smaller numbers in São Paulo and Rio Grande do Sul. The species may also occur in adjacent Argentina and/or Paraguay.


The trees typically reach 40 meters in height and 1.8 meters in trunk diameter.[6]


  1. ^ Varty, N.; Guadagnin, D.L. (1998). "Ocotea porosa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 1998: e.T32978A9739985. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T32978A9739985.en. Retrieved 16 November 2021.
  2. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species".
  3. ^ Juliana R. Cordeiro; Maria I. V. Martinez; Rosamaria W. C. Li; et al. (2012). "Identification of Four Wood Species by an Electronic Nose and by LIBS". International Journal of Electrochemistry. 2012: 1–5. doi:10.1155/2012/563939. Article ID 563939.
  4. ^ "Phoebe porosa" (PDF). Center for Wood Anatomy Research. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2003-10-13. Retrieved 2007-04-13.
  5. ^ Eric Meier, ed. (2013). "The Wood Database".
  6. ^ Terry Porter: "Wood Identification and Use", page 167. Guild of Master Craftsman Publications Ltd. 2004