Odes 1.1, also known by its incipit, Maecenas atavis edite regibus, is the first of the Odes of Horace.[1] This ode forms the prologue to the three books of lyrics published by Horace in 23 BC and is a dedication to the poet's friend and patron, Maecenas.[2] The metre of the poem, like the final poem of book 3, is a stichic version of the Asclepiad, known as the "1st Asclepiad".[3]

Summary

After the first two lines addressed to Maecenas, which virtually dedicate the whole collection to him, Horace rehearses the various interests of men, that at the end he may present his own ambition.[4] Some men seek fame in athletic games or in politics (3–8), others have lower aims—riches, agriculture, commerce, epicurean ease, war, or hunting (9–28); but as for me, I have the loftiest aim of all, Maecenas—to wear the ivy wreath and be the Muse's dear companion.[4] Rank me with the lyrists of Greece, and I shall indeed "knock at a star with my exalted head" (29–34).[a][1]

Date

This is a dedication of the first three books of the Odes to Maecenas.[1] The first Epode, the first Satire, and the first Epistle are addressed to the same patron and friend.[1] Being the dedication, it was probably among the last of the odes of the first three books to be written.[1] The collection was published in 23 BC.[1]

Notes

  1. ^ For similar Apology for Poetry, cf. Hor. Sat. 2. 1. 24; Propert. 4. 8; Verg. G. 2. 475 sqq.; Pind. fr. 221; Solon, fr. 13 (4) 43 sqq.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Shorey; Laing 1911, p. 139.
  2. ^ Musurillo 1962, p. 230.
  3. ^ Nisbet, R. G. M.; Hubbard, M. (1970). A Commentary on Horace Odes book 1. Oxford University Press.
  4. ^ a b Moore 1902, p. 51.

Bibliography

Attribution:

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