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Oenology (also enology; /ˈnɒləi/[1][2] ee-NOL-o-jee) is the science and study of wine and winemaking. Oenology is distinct from viticulture, which is the science of the growing, cultivation, and harvesting of grapes.[3] The English word oenology derives from the Greek word oinos (οἶνος) "wine" and the suffix –logia (-λογία) the "study of". An oenologist is an expert in the science of wine and of the arts and techniques for making wine.

Education and training

University programs in oenology and viticulture usually feature a concentration in science for the degree of Bachelor of Science (B.S, B.Sc., Sc.B), and as a terminal master's degree — either in a scientific or in a research program for the degree of Master of Science (M.S., Sc.M.), e.g. the master of professional studies degree. Oenologists and viticulturalists with doctorates often have a background in horticulture, plant physiology, and microbiology. Related to oenology are the professional titles of sommelier and master of wine, which are specific certifications in the restaurant business and in hospitality management. Occupationally, oenologists usually work as winemakers, as wine chemists in commercial laboratories, and in oenologic organisations, such as the Australian Wine Research Institute.


Schools in Australia tend to offer a "bachelor of viticulture" or "master of viticulture" degree.




Official National Diploma of Oenology:

Other wine diplomas:




New Zealand



South Africa





United Kingdom

United States

Prominent oenologists


  1. ^ "oenology". Dictionary.
  2. ^ "oenology". Unabridged (Online). n.d.
  3. ^ Huval, Rebecca (14 June 2019). "What Can I Do with My Viticulture and Enology Major?". University of California, Davis. Retrieved 11 April 2021. Viticulture is the study of grape cultivation, while enology is the study of wine and winemaking.
  4. ^ "Geisenheim Degree courses".
  5. ^ "MSc in Viticulture and Oenology".
  6. ^ "3-year degree course Viticulture and Oenology".
  7. ^ "3-year degree course Viticulture and Oenology".
  8. ^ "2-year postgraduate degree course Viticulture and Oenology Sciences".
  9. ^ "3-year degree course Viticulture and Oenology".
  10. ^ "Bachelor Degree (BSc Hons) Viticulture and Oenology". Plumpton College. Retrieved 21 July 2014.