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Ogasawara

小笠原村
The main settlement on Chichijima
Flag
Seal
Location of the islands of Ogasawara Village
Coordinates: 27°5′40″N 142°11′31″E / 27.09444°N 142.19194°E / 27.09444; 142.19194Coordinates: 27°5′40″N 142°11′31″E / 27.09444°N 142.19194°E / 27.09444; 142.19194
CountryJapan
RegionKantō[1]
PrefectureTokyo Metropolis
Government
 • MayorKazuo Morishita
Area
 • Total104.41 km2 (40.31 sq mi)
Population
 (October 2016)
 • Total3,029
 • Density26.5/km2 (69/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall addressNishimachi, Chichi-jima, Ogasawara-mura, Tōkyō-to
100-2101
Websitewww.vill.ogasawara.tokyo.jp
Symbols
BirdBonin white-eye
FlowerMunin Himetsubaki (Schima mertensiana)
TreeScrew pine
Port of Futami, Chichi-jima
Port of Futami, Chichi-jima

Ogasawara (小笠原村, Ogasawara-mura) is a village in Ogasawara Subprefecture, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan, that governs the Bonin Islands, Volcano Islands, and three remote islands (Nishinoshima, Minamitorishima and Okinotorishima).

History

In 1940, five municipalities were created in the islands, which had been unincorporated before, two on Chichijima, two on Hahajima, and one on Iwojima.[2]

Both villages of Kita Iwo Jima became part of the newly created Iwojima municipality in 1940:

Following World War II, the islands were administered by the United States. The islands were returned to Japanese control in 1968 and organized as Ogasawara Village.

Airport plan

In August 2020, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government held a council about a potential airport.[3] It would be operational in 10 years at the earliest.[3] The mayor of Ogasawara Village, Kazuo Morishita said ""The airport is the village's long-cherished wish. Governor Koike also said at a regular press conference that day, "(The new model plan) is an effective measure to secure the air routes necessary to protect the lives of the islanders."[3]

Geography

The municipality consists of the following groups and single isolated islands:

The southernmost (uninhabited) group is known as the Volcano Islands. 700 km further south is Okino Torishima, and 1,900 km further east is Minamitorishima.

The population of the municipality resides on Chichi-jima (pop. about 2300) and Haha-jima (pop. about 500). The administration and village hall is located in the village of Omura on Chichi-jima. In addition, there is an air base with 400 soldiers on Iwojima of the Volcano Islands.[citation needed]

Education

Ogasawara High School

Ogasawara Village operates the islands' public elementary and junior high schools.[4]

The Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education operates Ogasawara High School on Chichi-jima.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ 伊豆・小笠原諸島における 情報通信インフラ整備状況の調査 Archived October 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine (Survey on improvement conditions of telecommunication infrastructures in Izu-Ogasawara Islands), Kantō Bureau of Telecommunications, retrieved on October 16, 2008.
  2. ^ "Historical Development" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2009-09-26. Retrieved 2009-09-15.
  3. ^ a b c "小笠原に垂直離着陸可能な「ティルトローター機」案…滑走路500m、環境に配慮". Yomiuri. August 2, 2020. Archived from the original on October 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "学校教育." Ogasawara, Tokyo. Retrieved on March 8, 2018.
  5. ^ 小笠原村立小笠原中学校. www.ogachu.que.ne.jp (in Japanese).
  6. ^ 東京都立小笠原高等学校. www.ogasawara-h.metro.tokyo.jp (in Japanese).