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Oil Creek
Oil Creek flowing under Jersey Bridge
Jersey bridge bridge spanning Oil Creek
Map of Oil Creek mouth location
Map of Oil Creek mouth location
Location of the mouth of Oil Creek in Pennsylvania
Map of Oil Creek mouth location
Map of Oil Creek mouth location
Oil Creek (Allegheny River tributary) (the United States)
Etymology"oil"
Location
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountiesCrawford, Venango
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationCanadohta Lake, Crawford County, Pennsylvania
 • coordinates41°48′30″N 79°50′31″W / 41.80833°N 79.84194°W / 41.80833; -79.84194[1]
 • elevation1,389 ft (423 m)[2]
MouthAllegheny River
 • location
Oil City, Venango County, Pennsylvania
 • coordinates
41°25′54″N 79°42′33″W / 41.43167°N 79.70917°W / 41.43167; -79.70917Coordinates: 41°25′54″N 79°42′33″W / 41.43167°N 79.70917°W / 41.43167; -79.70917[1]
 • elevation
985 ft (300 m)[3]
Length46.7 mi (75.2 km)[3]
Basin size319 sq mi (830 km2)[3]
Discharge 
 • average601.55 cu ft/s (17.034 m3/s) at mouth with Allegheny River[4]
Basin features
ProgressionAllegheny RiverOhio RiverMississippi RiverGulf of Mexico
River systemAllegheny River
Tributaries 
 • leftEast Shreve Run
Bloomfield Run
East Branch Oil Creek
Thompson Creek
Church Run
Pine Creek
Husband Run
Cherry Run
 • rightWest Shreve Run
Mosey Run
Marsh Run
Benninghof Run
Cherrytree Run
Cornplanter Run

Oil Creek is a 46.7-mile (75.2 km) tributary of the Allegheny River in Venango and Crawford counties in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It has a drainage area of 319 square miles (830 km2) and joins the Allegheny at Oil City. Attractions along the river include the Drake Well Museum and Oil Creek State Park. The stream was named after the oil that was found along its banks before the historic oil strike by Edwin Drake in Titusville, which Oil Creek flows through. Oil Creek is popular with canoeists and fishers. The creek is rated as a beginners creek for those interested in learning how to safely use canoes and kayaks. Oil Creek is a cold water fishery with bass and trout living in its waters.

Oil Creek State Park Railroad Bridge
Oil Creek State Park Railroad Bridge

Watershed

Tributaries

Tributaries of Oil Creek (Allegheny River tributary)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Oil Creek". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. August 2, 1979. Retrieved March 23, 2010.
  2. ^ "Canadohta Lake Topo Map, Crawford County PA (Lake Canadohta Area)". TopoZone. Locality, LLC. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Shaw, L. C.; W. F. Busch (June 1984). Pennsylvania Gazetteer of Streams, Part II. Water Resources Bulletin. Vol. 16. Prepared in Cooperation with the United States Department of the Interior Geological Survey. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Department of Forest and Waters. p. 270.
  4. ^ "Oil Creek Watershed Report". Waters geoviewer. US EPA. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  5. ^ "Pennsylvania Gazetteer of Streams" (PDF). PA DEP and US Geological Survey. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  6. ^ a b c "ArcGIS Web Application". epa.maps.arcgis.com. US EPA. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  7. ^ a b "GNIS Feature Search". geonames.usgs.gov. US Geological Survey. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Oil Creek Topo Map, Venango County PA (Oil City Area)". TopoZone. Locality, LLC. Retrieved 24 August 2019.