Old Mill
Oldmill sthperth 1 gnangarra.jpg
Old Mill buildings
Origin
Mill nameOld Mill,
Shenton's Mill
Mill locationPerth, Western Australia
Coordinates31°57′58″S 115°50′49″E / 31.9662°S 115.847°E / -31.9662; 115.847 (Old Mill)Coordinates: 31°57′58″S 115°50′49″E / 31.9662°S 115.847°E / -31.9662; 115.847 (Old Mill)
Operator(s)National Trust of Australia
Year built1835; 187 years ago (1835)
Information
PurposeCorn mill
TypeTower mill
StoreysThree storeys
No. of sailsFour sails
Type of sailsCommon sails
Other information
TypeState Registered Place
Designated2 July 1993
Reference no.2394

The Old Mill (Shenton's Mill) is a restored tower mill located on Mill Point in South Perth, Western Australia. Today, restored to its original 1830s condition,[1] it is one of Perth's best known historic landmarks and serves as a sightseeing attraction.

History

The windmill was commissioned by William Kernot Shenton, on a foundation stone laid by Governor James Stirling in 1835. The original mill, the colony's first wind-powered industry, was built by Paul and James Lockyer and operated by William Steele. Peak production was 680 kilograms (1,500 lb) of flour per day. Operation ceased in 1859, due to unprofitability and the unsuitable location.[1][2] The four ton cogwheels were hewn from a nearby tree known as tuart, the highly valued species Eucalyptus gomphocephala.[3]

The site was located near the earliest housing and agriculture of the colony, and was used for industry before being adapted to commercial, then residential, purposes. In 1880 an engineer known as "Satan" Browne established a dance hall and hotel known as Alta Gardens. The alterations by Browne remained, although the venture was a failure, and it found use as a chicken run and house instead.[1] The address of the site is now listed as Mill Point Road, South Perth.[2]

In 1957 the proposed route of the Narrows Bridge was deviated to preserve the site, after a campaign by public officials, and a folk museum was established on the grounds.[1]

The site was received by the City of South Perth, repaired and upgraded and was placed on the register of the National Trust in 1992. The buildings and site is noted as having permanent entry on heritage registers for its architectural and historical significance, and conservation "... for their own sake, and as a museum, is important".[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c d www.southperth.wa.gov.au The Old Mill. Accessed 20 April 2006.
  2. ^ a b c Permanent Entry. "Old Mill, South Perth" (PDF). Register of Heritage Places-Permanent Entry. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 July 2009. Retrieved 21 June 2009.
  3. ^ Cunningham, Irene (1998). The trees that were nature's gift. WA: I. Cunningham. pp. 10–17. ISBN 0958556202.

Further reading