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Olympia Fields, Illinois
Village of Olympia Fields
Olympia Fields Country Club
Olympia Fields Country Club
Motto: 
Where People Make the Village
Location of Olympia Fields in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of Olympia Fields in Cook County, Illinois.
Olympia Fields, Illinois is located in the United States
Olympia Fields, Illinois
Olympia Fields, Illinois
Olympia Fields, Illinois is located in Illinois
Olympia Fields, Illinois
Olympia Fields, Illinois
Coordinates: 41°31′6″N 87°41′34″W / 41.51833°N 87.69278°W / 41.51833; -87.69278Coordinates: 41°31′6″N 87°41′34″W / 41.51833°N 87.69278°W / 41.51833; -87.69278
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyCook
TownshipBloom, Rich
Founded1927
Government
 • TypeVillage
 • Village PresidentSterling M. Burke
Area
 • Total2.94 sq mi (7.62 km2)
 • Land2.94 sq mi (7.61 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total4,718
 • Density1,605.31/sq mi (619.90/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
60461
Area code708
FIPS code17-55938
Wikimedia CommonsOlympia Fields, Illinois
Websitewww.olympia-fields.com

Olympia Fields is a village and a south suburb of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, United States. The population was 4,718 as of the 2020 census.[2] The municipality grew up around the prestigious Olympia Fields Country Club, originally established in 1915.

Olympia Fields is noteworthy as one of the wealthiest and best educated, majority African-American communities in the United States.[3] The village's zip code (60461) is one of three majority African American communities which rank among the top five percent in the U.S. for median household income and share of adults with college degrees,[4] and Olympia Fields also has the highest black homeownership rate in the country among majority-black municipalities.[5]

History

The area that comprises the village today was once farmland managed by immigrant families during the 1830s. The Illinois Central Railroad began serving the area in the 1850s, which fostered population and economic growth during that era.

In 1893, the Columbian Exposition opened in Chicago, and southern Cook County became an increasingly popular retreat for busy Chicagoans. By 1913, the area's lush woodlands and rolling terrain convinced a group of investors led by Charles Beach to establish a golf course catering to Chicago's wealthy elite. Beach and his friend James Gardner developed a magnificent 72-hole golf course and country club, chartered in 1915 as Olympia Fields Country Club. Amos Alonzo Stagg, the famed football coach of the University of Chicago, became the Club's first president. The name "Olympia" was proposed by Stagg. The word "Fields" was added because it aptly described the young community's pastoral terrain.

In the early 20th century, golf and the resort atmosphere in the area south of Chicago because so popular that some families lived in canvas-covered "cottages" during the summer months, while others built more permanent homes on the western side of the railroad tracks beginning as early as 1919. The clubhouse, built in 1924, is on the National Register of Historic Places. The golf course is considered one of the finest in the nation. It was home to the 1928 and 2003 U.S. Open, the 1925 and 1961 PGA Championship, the 1997 U.S. Senior Open, the 1927, 1933 and 1968 Western Open, the 2015 U.S. Amateur Championship, the 2017 Women's PGA Championship and the 2020 BMW Championship.

The country club's founder, Charles Beach, organized the effort to incorporate the residential areas around the Country Club as a municipality, and in 1927, the Village of Olympia Fields was created with Beach as its first president. His home, built to reflect the design and character of the Country Club, still stands at the southwest corner of Kedzie Avenue and 203rd Street. Today, the grounds of the Country Club remain unincorporated, outside the jurisdiction of the Olympia Fields village government.

Olympia Fields has received the Tree City USA award for many years of having demonstrated a commitment to caring for and managing the village's public trees.[6]

Geography

Olympia Fields is located at 41°31′6″N 87°41′34″W / 41.51833°N 87.69278°W / 41.51833; -87.69278 (41.518290, -87.692744).[7]

According to the 2021 census gazetteer files, Olympia Fields has a total area of 2.94 square miles (7.61 km2), of which 2.94 square miles (7.61 km2) (or 99.86%) is land and 0.00 square miles (0.00 km2) (or 0.14%) is water.[8]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930143
1940101−29.4%
195016058.4%
19601,503839.4%
19703,478131.4%
19804,14619.2%
19904,2482.5%
20004,73211.4%
20104,9885.4%
20204,718−5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2010[10] 2020[11]

As of the 2020 census[2] there were 4,718 people, 1,960 households, and 1,157 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,603.13 inhabitants per square mile (618.97/km2). There were 1,929 housing units at an average density of 655.45 per square mile (253.07/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 78.06% African American, 15.15% White, 0.34% Native American, 1.46% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 1.48% from other races, and 3.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.12% of the population.

There were 1,960 households, out of which 46.12% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.97% were married couples living together, 7.81% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.97% were non-families. 36.99% of all households were made up of individuals, and 31.94% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.43 and the average family size was 2.51.

The village's age distribution consisted of 20.3% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 15.2% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 31.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.5 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $93,350, and the median income for a family was $111,458. Males had a median income of $65,609 versus $36,773 for females. The per capita income for the village was $46,882. About 2.1% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

Olympia Fields, Illinois - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[10] Pop 2020[11] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 1,215 705 24.36% 14.94%
Black or African American alone (NH) 3,436 3,648 68.89% 77.32%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 6 2 0.12% 0.04%
Asian alone (NH) 117 67 2.35% 1.42%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 8 34 0.16% 0.72%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 79 115 1.58% 2.44%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 127 147 2.55% 3.12%
Total 4,988 4,718 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race

Government

Olympia Fields is in Illinois's 2nd congressional district. The current president is Sterling M. Burke.

Transportation

The Village of Olympia Fields is located between Vollmer Road and US Route 30 (Lincoln Highway), two miles east of Interstate 57.

Two stations on the Metra Electric Main Line are located in Olympia Fields, providing easy access to the Chicago Loop and the University of Chicago. The Olympia Fields station is located on 203rd St., two blocks east of Kedzie Avenue, in the northern part of the village while the 211th Street (Lincoln Highway) station is in the southern part. Express trains from these stations reach the Randolph Street Station on Michigan Avenue in approximately 40 minutes. Both stations have daily parking facilities.

Education

While the majority of the village is served by Arcadia Elementary School in Olympia Fields, a small portion of the village is served by Western Avenue Elementary School in Flossmoor.

Although most of Olympia Fields' students attend Arcadia (K-3) through third grade, school assignments get confusing from there. The Arcadia students head to Indiana School (grades 4-6) in Park Forest, O.W. Huth Middle School (grades 7-8) in Matteson, then back to Olympia Fields for high school. Students from "Graymoor" and "The Greens" neighborhoods go to school in Flossmoor. Students who live in the Greens attend Flossmoor schools until eighth grade, then attend Rich Central for High School. Students who live in Graymoor attend Flossmoor schools from kindergarten until twelfth grade. The "Wysteria" neighborhood students study in Chicago Heights.[12]

Students from Olympia Fields attend six different public school districts: Elementary Districts 161, 162 and 170 and High School Districts 206, 227 and 233.[13]

Nearby Private Schools

Colleges & Universities

The METRA train service has two stations in the Village which makes for easy access to many universities located in Chicago. The average commute to downtown Chicago from Olympia Fields is 45 minutes. From there, bus service is available to most locations.[13]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-06-28.
  3. ^ http://www.bairdwarner.com/our_neighborhoods/community/olympia_fields
  4. ^ Murray, Charles A. Coming apart. 1st ed, Chapter 3, Note 23. New York [N.Y.]: Crown Forum, 2012.
  5. ^ "Where Black Homeownership Is the Norm". Pew Trusts. Retrieved April 18, 2022.
  6. ^ "Beautification Committee". Archived from the original on 2014-11-06. Retrieved 2014-11-05.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ Bureau, US Census. "Gazetteer Files". Census.gov. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  9. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
  10. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Olympia Fields, Illinois". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 19, 2022.
  11. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Olympia Fields, Illinois". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 19, 2022.
  12. ^ "Olympia Fields: A cozy place to feel at home". Chicago Tribune. January 14, 2011.
  13. ^ a b "Education | Olympia Fields, IL".
  14. ^ "R. Kelly's Chicago-Area Mansion Sold To Soul Legend". Huffington Post. December 4, 2013.