The Oodua Peoples Congress (OPC) is a Yoruba nationalist organization in Nigeria. The Yoruba people, who live in the southwestern and some North central parts of Nigeria, and in neighbouring countries such as Benin, are a large ethno-linguistic group; the majority of them speak the Yoruba language (ede Yorùbá). It is also known as the Oodua Liberation Movement (OLM) or the Revolutionary Council of Nigeria'"O'odua Peoples Congress (OPC)", globalsecurity.org, 16 February 2003
The Oodua Peoples Congress was formed by a group of Yoruba elites and artisans which included Dr.Fredrick Fasehun (its first national leader), Aare Gani Adams (15th Aare Ona Kakanfo of Yoruba land), Ibrahim Atanda, Idowu Abobanawo, Mrs.Adebowale (Maman Ijebu), Olumide Adeniji, Tony Ugurube of Ijaw, South-South extraction, Senator Opeyemi Bamidele, Hon. Kayode Oladele, Baba Oluwide Omojola, Baba Taiwo, Baba Oja, Adesokan Oloyede, Bola Aidi, Comerade Olubunmi Olusona, Silas Alani, and Wole Adebayo respectively among others.
They decided to form an organization to actualize the annulled mandate of Chief Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola, a Yoruba who most people believed to be on his way to winning the presidential election of 12 June 1993, which was subsequently annulled by the military government before vote tallying was complete.
Although the founding president of the OPC was Frederick Fasehun, in 1999 a faction led by Gani Adams broke off from the main organization, but continued usage of the main party's name. Until his death in 2018, Fasehun was widely held by the Yoruba to be the leader of the OPC. while he bestowed Ganiu Adams with the title of the National coordinator in other to bring the factions under one body while he Fredrick Fasehun remained the president and the founding father In December 1999, the newly formed Arewa People's Congress said it would begin full self-defence training for northern residents in reaction to attacks on Hausas by the OPC. After Fasehun's death, Oodua People's Congress the factions continued and the Fasheun faction elected a new leader, Prince Oshibote. This was in line with Fasehun's wishes before he died.