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Open Handset Alliance
FormationNovember 5, 2007; 15 years ago (2007-11-05)
TypeOpen mobile platform (Android) development organization
HeadquartersMountain View, California, U.S.
Region served
WebsiteOfficial website

The Open Handset Alliance (OHA) is a consortium of 84 firms to develop open standards for mobile devices. Member firms include HTC, Sony, Dell, Intel, Motorola, Qualcomm, Texas Instruments, Google, Samsung Electronics, LG Electronics, T-Mobile, Sprint Corporation (now merged with T-Mobile US), Nvidia, and Wind River Systems.[1][2]


The OHA was established on November 5, 2007, led by Google with 34 members,[1] including mobile handset makers, application developers, some mobile network operators and chip makers.[3] Android, the flagship software of the alliance, is based on an open-source license and has competed against mobile platforms from Apple (iOS), Microsoft (Windows Phone), Nokia (Symbian), HP (formerly Palm), Samsung Electronics / Intel (Tizen, bada), and BlackBerry (BlackBerry OS).

As part of its efforts to promote a unified Android platform, OHA members are contractually forbidden from producing devices that are based on competing forks of Android.[4][5]


At the same time as the announcement of the formation of the Open Handset Alliance on November 5, 2007, the OHA also unveiled Android Open Source Project, an open-source mobile phone platform based on the Linux kernel.[1] An early look at the SDK was released to developers on November 12, 2007.[6]

The first commercially available phone running Android was the HTC Dream (also known as the T-Mobile G1). It was approved by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) on August 18, 2008,[7] and became available on October 22 of that year.[8]


The members of the Open Handset Alliance are:

Joining date Network operators Software developers Component manufacturers Device manufacturers Other
November 2007[9]
December 2008[10]
May–June 2009
September 2009
January 2010
May 2010
July 2010
November 2010
June 2011
  • Intrinsyc
July 2011
  • Andago
Date unknown

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Industry Leaders Announce Open Platform for Mobile Devices". Open Handset Alliance. November 5, 2007. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
  2. ^ "Alliance FAQ". Open Handset Alliance. Retrieved August 16, 2022.
  3. ^ "Open Handset Alliance members page". Open Handset Alliance. November 5, 2007. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
  4. ^ "Alibaba: Google just plain wrong about our OS". CNET News. September 15, 2012.
  5. ^ Amadeo, Ron (October 21, 2013). "Google's iron grip on Android: Controlling open source by any means necessary". Ars Technica. p. 3. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
  6. ^ "Developers". Open Handset Alliance. November 5, 2007. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
  7. ^ "FCC Approved HTC Dream". Engadget. August 18, 2008.
  8. ^ Brockman, Joshua (September 24, 2008). "Google Is Calling. Will You Answer?". NPR.
  9. ^ "Open Handset Alliance Members". October 15, 2008.
  10. ^ "Open Handset Alliance announces 14 new members". Open Handset Alliance. December 9, 2008.
  11. ^ "Open Handset Alliance member announcements" 联通加入谷歌手机联盟将开发Android手机. Sina Corporation (Press release) (in Simplified Chinese). May 17, 2009. Retrieved August 16, 2022.
  12. ^ "SVOX announces its joining of the Open Handset Alliance". SVOX. May 27, 2009.
  13. ^ "Acer announces its joining of the Open Handset Alliance". Acer. June 1, 2009.
  14. ^ "MIPS Technologies Joins the Open Handset Alliance". MIPS Technologies, Inc. September 30, 2009.
  15. ^ "Bouygues Telecom devient membre de l'Open Handset Alliance". January 6, 2010. Archived from the original on March 19, 2015. Retrieved April 25, 2020.
  16. ^ "ZTE to launch Android handsets this quarter". ZTE. January 15, 2010.
  17. ^ "Sasken joins Open Handset Alliance". SASKEN. January 22, 2010.
  18. ^ "NXP Software Joins the Open Handset Alliance" (PDF). NXP. May 18, 2010.
  19. ^ "Access Joins the Open Handset Alliance". Access. July 29, 2010. Archived from the original on December 2, 2010.
  20. ^ "MediaTek Joins the Open Handset Alliance Continuous Commitment to Providing Multimedia-Rich Android Solutions". MediaTek. July 12, 2010. Archived from the original on April 16, 2013.
  21. ^ "VisualOn Joins the Open Handset Alliance to Enhance the Multimedia Capabilities of the Android Platform". VisualOn. November 9, 2010.
  22. ^ "Open Handset Alliance Members Mobile Operators". December 27, 2010.