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Open Handset Alliance
Logo of Open Handset Alliance
Wordmark of Open Handset Alliance
FormationOctober 10, 2007; 14 years ago (2007-10-10)[1]
TypeOpen mobile platform (Android) development organization
Legal statusUnknown
HeadquartersMountain View, California, U.S.
Region served
  • Mobile operators
  • Software companies
  • Commercialization companies
  • Semiconductor companies
  • Handset manufacturers

The Open Handset Alliance (OHA) is a consortium of 84[2] firms to develop open standards for mobile devices. Member firms include HTC, Sony, Dell, Intel, Motorola, Qualcomm, Texas Instruments, Google, Samsung Electronics, LG Electronics, T-Mobile, Sprint Corporation (now merged with T-Mobile US), Nvidia, and Wind River Systems.[3]

The OHA was established on November 5, 2007, led by Google with 34 members,[3] including mobile handset makers, application developers, some mobile network operators and chip makers.[4] Android, the flagship software of the alliance (first developed by Google in 2007), is based on an open-source license and has competed against mobile platforms from Apple (iOS), Microsoft (Windows Phone), Nokia (Symbian), HP (formerly Palm), Samsung Electronics / Intel (Tizen, bada), and BlackBerry (BlackBerry OS).

As part of its efforts to promote a unified Android platform, OHA members are contractually forbidden from producing devices that are based on competing forks of Android.[5][6]


Android Operating System
Android Operating System

At the same time as the announcement of the formation of the Open Handset Alliance on November 5, 2007, the OHA also unveiled Android, an open-source mobile phone platform based on the Linux kernel.[3] An early look at the SDK was released to developers on November 12, 2007.[7]

The first commercially available phone running Android was the HTC Dream (also known as the T-Mobile G1). It was approved by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) on August 18, 2008,[8] and became available on October 22 of that year.[9]


The members of the Open Handset Alliance are:

Joining date Network operators Software developers Other Component manufacturers Device manufacturers
Founding members[10]
December 2008[11]
May–June 2009
September 2009
January 2010
May 2010
July 2010
November 2010
June 2011
  • Intrinsyc
July 2011
  • Andago
Date unknown

See also



  1. ^ " WHOIS, DNS, & Domain Info – DomainTools". WHOIS. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
  2. ^ "Alliance FAQ | Open Handset Alliance".
  3. ^ a b c "Industry Leaders Announce Open Platform for Mobile Devices". Open Handset Alliance. November 5, 2007. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
  4. ^ "Open Handset Alliance members page". Open Handset Alliance. November 5, 2007. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
  5. ^ "Alibaba: Google just plain wrong about our OS". CNET News. September 15, 2012.
  6. ^ Amadeo, Ron (October 21, 2013). "Google's iron grip on Android: Controlling open source by any means necessary". Ars Technica. p. 3. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
  7. ^ "Developers". Open Handset Alliance. November 5, 2007. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
  8. ^ "FCC Approved HTC Dream". Engadget. August 18, 2008.
  9. ^ Brockman, Joshua (September 24, 2008). "Google Is Calling. Will You Answer?". NPR.
  10. ^ "Open Handset Alliance Members". October 15, 2008.
  11. ^ "Open Handset Alliance announces 14 new members". Open Handset Alliance. December 9, 2008.
  12. ^ "Open Handset Alliance member announcements". Open Handset Alliance. 2009.
  13. ^ "SVOX announces its joining of the Open Handset Alliance". SVOX. May 27, 2009.
  14. ^ "Acer announces its joining of the Open Handset Alliance". Acer. June 1, 2009.
  15. ^ "MIPS Technologies Joins the Open Handset Alliance". MIPS Technologies, Inc. September 30, 2009.
  16. ^ "Bouygues Telecom devient membre de l'Open Handset Alliance". January 6, 2010. Archived from the original on March 19, 2015. Retrieved April 25, 2020.
  17. ^ "Sasken joins Open Handset Alliance". SASKEN. January 22, 2010.
  18. ^ "ZTE to launch Android handsets this quarter". ZTE. January 15, 2010.
  19. ^ "NXP Software Joins the Open Handset Alliance" (PDF). NXP. May 18, 2010.
  20. ^ "Access Joins the Open Handset Alliance". Access. July 29, 2010. Archived from the original on December 2, 2010.
  21. ^ "MediaTek Joins the Open Handset Alliance Continuous Commitment to Providing Multimedia-Rich Android Solutions". MediaTek. July 12, 2010. Archived from the original on April 16, 2013.
  22. ^ "VisualOn Joins the Open Handset Alliance to Enhance the Multimedia Capabilities of the Android Platform". VisualOn. November 9, 2010.
  23. ^ "Open Handset Alliance Members Mobile Operators". December 27, 2010.