Opomyzidae
Geomyza tripunctata
Scientific classification
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Opomyzidae
Genera

Opomyzidae is a family of acalyptrate Diptera. They are generally small, slender, yellow, brown or black coloured flies. The larval food plants are grasses, including cereal crops, the adults are mainly found in open habitats. Some species being agricultural pests.

Opomyza wing veins
Opomyza wing veins

Description

For terms see Morphology of Diptera. Small slender yellow, brown, reddish or black flies. The narrow wings are usually with light or dark-colored spots (darkly marked crossveins apical spot). Head with one pair of backwardly directed orbital (frontal bristles) bristles. Scattered interfrontal setulae are present Ocellar bristles are present. Postvertical bristles are absent (rarely present). Vibrissae absent but Geomyza with a strong bristle near the vibrissal angle. Ocelli are present and the arista is pubescent or with long hairs. Tibae without preapical dorsal bristles. R1 is short, the subcosta ends near the break of the costa (usually incomplete but apical part sometimes visible as a faint line reaching the costa) and near apex of R1;posterior basal wing cell and anal cell are small. The crossvein BM-Cu is present but usually incomplete. Tibiae without dorsal preapical bristle.

Species

Geomyza cf. hackmani
Geomyza cf. hackmani
  • Geomyza angustipennis Zetterstedt, 1847
  • Geomyza apicalis (Meigen, 1830)
  • Geomyza balachowskyi Mesnil, 1934
  • Geomyza breviseta Czerny, 1928
  • Geomyza hackmani Nartshuk, 1984
  • Geomyza hendeli Czerny, 1928
  • Geomyza majuscula (Loew, 1864)
  • Geomyza nartshukae Carles-Tolrá, 1993
  • Geomyza subnigra Drake, 1992
  • Geomyza tripunctata Fallén, 1823
  • Geomyza venusta (Meigen, 1830)
Opomyza germinationis
Opomyza germinationis
  • Scelomyza hirticornis Séguy, 1938
This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (February 2011)

Biology

The larvae live in the stems of grasses, a few species being a pest in agriculture, for instance Opomyza florum, the Yellow Cereal fly. Damage caused by Opomyzidae to Gramineae is termed "dead heart".

Identification

Phylogeny

  Opomyzoidea  
  Clusioinea  

 Clusiidae[1]

  Agromyzoinea  

 Odiniidae

 Fergusoninidae

 Agromyzidae

  Opomyzoinea  

 Opomyzidae+Anthomyzidae

 Asteioinea

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Nello schema di McAlpine, i Clusiidae sono in relazione con il genere Acartophthalmus, che secondo l'analisi cladistica di Buck (2006) va collocato nel clade dei Carnoidea. Vedi Acartophthalmidae.