Imperial Order of Franz Joseph
Frans Jozef Orde van Oostenrijk 3.jpg
Badge of the Order
Awarded by
Imperial Standard of Austria-Hungary (1915-1918).svg
The Head of the House of Habsburg
TypeOrder of merit (1849–1918)
Dynastic order (1918—)
Established2 December 1849
Royal houseHouse of Habsburg
("With United Forces")
Awarded forCivil and Military Merit
StatusDormant Order since 1918
SovereignCrown Prince Karl of Austria
GradesKnight/Dame Grand Cross
Knight/Dame Commander with Star
Knight/Dame Commander
Knight/Dame Officer
First induction1849
Last induction1918
Next (higher)Order of the Iron Crown
Order of Elizabeth
Next (lower)Order of Saint George
Order of Elizabeth and Theresa

Ribbon of the Order

The Imperial Austrian Order of Franz Joseph (German: Kaiserlich-Österreichischer Franz-Joseph-Orden) was founded by Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria on 2 December 1849, on the first anniversary of his accession to the imperial throne.


The order was originally awarded in three classes: Grand Cross, Commander's Cross, and Knight's Cross. In 1869, the class of Commander with Star was added, which ranked immediately below the Grand Cross. The Officer's Cross, which ranked between Commander and Knight, was introduced on 1 February 1901.

The order ceased to exist as a governmental award with the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918. It was not re-established with the foundation of the Republic of Austria. However, it remains active as a dynastic order of the House of Habsburg.

Ribbon bars
Grand Cross
Commander with Star (1869)
Officer (1901)


Knights wore the decoration suspended from a triangular ribbon on the left breast. Officers wore it on the left breast without a ribbon. Commanders wore the decoration at the neck, as did Commander with Star, who also wore a breast star. The Grand Cross was worn suspended from the shoulder and also came with a breast star. The ribbon of all classes of the order was plain red.

In common with the other Austro-Hungarian awards of the period, the Franz Joseph Order was further distinguished with the addition of the War decoration and Swords which could be awarded for military merit. However, if soldiers were honoured, it was usually for distinguished service as opposed to gallantry in the face of the enemy.

Notable recipients

The five classes of the order and their respective insignia
The five classes of the order and their respective insignia
Bishop Paškal Buconjić wearing the Grand Cross of the Order of Franz Joseph
Bishop Paškal Buconjić wearing the Grand Cross of the Order of Franz Joseph

See also


  1. ^ p. 33, Butrica (1991) Andrew J. Boca Raton, Florida "Baudot, Jean Maurice Emile" Froehlich, Kent (editors) Fritz E., Allen The Froehlich/Kent Encyclopedia of Telecommunications Vol. 2 CRC Press
  2. ^ Watson, Derek Bruckner. New York: Schuster & Macmillan (1997): 39
  3. ^ Morgen-Post Wien, 27 November 1872 (p. 579)
  4. ^ "Foreign News: Germany". The Jewish Voice. Vol. XXXI, no. 11. St. Louis, M.O. 13 September 1901. p. 8 – via Historical Jewish Press.
  5. ^ Waters, Clara Erskine Clement; Hutton, Lawrence (1879), "Hans Frederic Gude", Artists of the nineteenth century and their works: A handbook containing two thousand and fifty biographical sketches, vol. 1, Bostom: Houghton, Osgood and company, p. 317, retrieved 12 July 2017
  6. ^ "Foreign News, Austria-Hungary". The Jewish Voice. Vol. XXVI, no. 3. St. Louis, M.O. 20 January 1899. p. 8 – via Historical Jewish Press.
  7. ^ Österreichische Zeitschrift für praktische Heilkunde (in German). Veit. 1839.
  8. ^ Eduard Hensel (1864). Anton Dreher, biographische Skizze (in German). p. 27.
  9. ^ Geschichte der österreichischen Land- und Forstwirtschaft und ihrer Industrien 1848–1898 (in German). 1899. p. 538.
  10. ^ "Foreign News: Austria-Hungary". The Jewish Voice. Vol. XXXII, no. 23. St. Louis, M.O. 6 June 1902. p. 8 – via Historical Jewish Press.
  11. ^ Singer, Isidore; Cohen, Max. "GRÜNHUT, KARL SAMUEL". The Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 22 May 2022.

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