|Order of St. Sava|
|Type||State Order (1883-1945)|
Church Order (since 1985)
|Awarded for||Meritorious achievements in the arts, science, education and religion|
|Presented by||Kingdom of Serbia|
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Serbian Orthodox Church
|Eligibility||Civilians, military members (since 1914).|
|Ribbon||White with Light Blue stripes on either side|
|Established||23 January 1883|
|Next (higher)||Order of the Cross of Takovo|
(Kingdom of Serbia, 1883-1903)
Order of the White Eagle
Order of the Yugoslav Crown
(Kingdom of Yugoslavia, 1930-1941)
The Order of St. Sava is an Order of merit, first awarded by the Kingdom of Serbia in 1883 and later by the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia until the abolition of the monarchy in 1945.
An Order of the same name was re-founded in 1985 and has been awarded by the Serbian Orthodox Church from time to time since then.
The Order of Saint Sava was established by Milan I of Serbia, who had converted the Principality of Serbia into a kingdom in March 1882. It was first awarded in January 1883, to recognize civilians for meritorious achievements benefitting the Church, the arts and sciences, the royal house, and the state. In 1914, a change to the Order was made which permitted soldiers of the Serbian Army to receive the honor for military merit. The Order of St Sava was thereafter awarded by the kings of Serbia and its successor Yugoslavia until the abolition of the monarchy in 1945.
Five grades were awarded: Knight Grand Cross, Knight, Grand Officer, Commander, and Officer. The first grade was a jewel, worn with a sash over the shoulder and also with a breast star. The second and third-grade laureates wore the Order on a neckband. The fourth grade was a medal with a triangular suspension, a rosette attached to the ribbon above the medal. The fifth grade had a triangular suspension without a rosette. The medals of the fourth and fifth grades were worn on the breast. All white ribbons had two light blue stripes.
Since 1985, the Order has been awarded on the occasion of the 800th anniversary of St. Sava. This order is dedicated to ecclesiastic and secular persons, who have special merits for the Serbian Orthodox Church. According to the ordinance of the church, each person who received a medal of third grade may receive the medal of the higher grade as well as the first grade for future merits, provided that three years have passed at least since the previous award. The order is determined in three grades: the first one is white, the second red and the third blue colored.
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