Order of the White Eagle
Орден Белог орла
Star of the order
TypeState order (1883–1945)
Dynastic order (since 1945)
Awarded forPeace or wartime merit or significant services rendered to the Crown, State and Nation.
Presented by Kingdom of Serbia
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia
House of Karađorđević
EligibilitySerbian/Yugoslav citizens and foreign nationals.
Established23 January 1883
First awarded1883

Grand Cross with swords


Great officer with swords

Commander with swords

Officer with swords


Cavalier with swords
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of St. Prince Lazar (1883–98)
Order of Miloš the Great (1898–1903)
Order of the Karađorđe's Star (after 1903)
Next (lower)Order of the Cross of Takovo (before 1903)
Order of St. Sava (1903–1945)
Order of the Yugoslav Crown (Kingdom of Yugoslavia, 1930–1945)

The Order of the White Eagle (Serbian Cyrillic: Орден Белог орла, romanizedOrden Belog orla) was a state order in the Kingdom of Serbia (1883–1918) and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918–1945).

It continues as a dynastic order, with appointments currently made by Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia.

History

King Milan I of Serbia instituted the Order of the White Eagle on 23 January 1883, concurrently with the Order of St. Sava. The Order had five classes and was conferred on Serbian and Yugoslav citizens for achievements in peace or war, or for special merits to the Crown, the state and nation. In the period between 1883 and 1898 Order of the White Eagle was the highest award in the Kingdom of Serbia. In 1898 the Royal Order of Miloš the Great took precedence over the White Eagle and in 1904 the former was replaced by the Order of Karađorđe's Star.[1]

After his accession to the throne in 1903, King Peter I of Serbia continued awarding the Order of the White Eagle, but the reverse of the medallion had the year of the proclamation of the Kingdom (1883) instead of the cipher of Milan I.

The white eagle with wings displayed was re-established as the State Arms of Serbia, symbol descended from the Emperors of Byzantium. The order had a War Merit Division, with crossed swords between the Royal Crown and eagle's heads, that was introduced in 1915, and conferred for conspicuous bravery of the officers in the field.

In 1945, with the end of the monarchy, the order was in effect exiled. Since the end of Yugoslavia, the Royal Order continues to be awarded by Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia, as the senior representative of the Crown. His awards include Angelo de Mojana di Cologna, Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, and posthumous conferment upon three Crown Council Members. On 22 August 2016, Prince Alexander awarded the Grand Cross of the Order to husbands of three princesses of the royal family, Sir George Desmond Lorenz de Silva, a former United Nations War Crimes Prosecutor, Mr Gregory Thune-Larsen, and Mr Austin Prichard-Levy.[2]

Description

The Order of the White Eagle has five degrees, and can be awarded with swords for the military services, with or without swords for civil merit. The Order is organized into five classes:

The sash of the Order is worn from the left shoulder to the right hip.[citation needed]

Recipients

List of recipients by class
Grand Masters
Grand Crosses
Grand Officers
Commanders
Officers
Knights
Other or Unknown Classes

References

  1. ^ "The Order of the White Eagle". Official Website of the Serbian Royal Family. 1997. Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2011-06-20.
  2. ^ . Royal Family of Serbia. 22 August 2016 Crown Prince awards Royal Orders to husbands of Karadjordjevic Princesses http://www.royalfamily.org/crown-prince-awards-royal-orders-to-husbands-of-karadjordjevic-princesses/ Crown Prince awards Royal Orders to husbands of Karadjordjevic Princesses. ((cite web)): Check |url= value (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ "БИОГРАФИЈЕ ДУГОГОДИШЊИХ ЧЛАНОВА АКАДЕМИЈЕ МЕДИЦИНСКИХ НАУКА СРПСКОГ ЛЕКАРСКОГ ДРУШТВА" (PDF) (in Serbian). Академија медицинских наука and Српског лекарског друштва. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2022-01-18. Retrieved 2022-02-13.