Organizational studies is "the examination of how individuals construct organizational structures, processes, and practices and how these, in turn, shape social relations and create institutions that ultimately influence people".
Organizational studies comprise different areas that deal with the different aspects of the organizations, many of the approaches are functionalist but critical research also provide alternative frame for understanding in the field. Fundamental to the study of management is organizational change. Historically, facilitating organizational change has been proven to be a difficult subject, which is why different theoretical frameworks have evolved to attempt to strategically streamline this process, such as utilising external actors, or interim organizations.
With the recent historical turn, there is growing interest in historical organization studies, promising a closer union between organizational and historical research whose validity derives from historical veracity and conceptual rigor, enhancing understanding of historical, contemporary and future-directed social realities.