Orochs
Alternative names:
Nani
SYBPOP.jpg
Oroch people (circa 1920)
Total population
1,000 (est.)
Regions with significant populations
 Russia 596[1]
 Ukraine288 (2001)
Languages
Oroch language, Russian
Religion
Shamanism, Russian Orthodoxy, Buddhism
Related ethnic groups
Itelmen, Evens , Koryaks, Evenks, Ulchs, Nanai, Orok, Udege
Settlement of Orochs in the Far Eastern Federal District by urban and rural settlements in%, 2010 census
Settlement of Orochs in the Far Eastern Federal District by urban and rural settlements in%, 2010 census
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Orochs (Russian О́рочи), Orochons, or Orochis (self-designation: Nani) are a people of Russia that speak the Oroch (Orochon) language of the Southern group of Tungusic languages. According to the 2002 census there were 686 Orochs in Russia. According to the 2010 census there were 596 Orochs in Russia.

Orochs traditionally settled in the southern part of the Khabarovsk Krai, Russia and on the Amur and Kopp rivers. In the 19th century, some of them migrated to Sakhalin. In the early 1930s, the Orochi National District was created, but was cancelled shortly thereafter "due to lack of native population".

Because the people never had a written language, they were educated in the Russian language. Their language, Oroch, is on the verge of extinction. They follow Shamanism, the Russian Orthodox Church, and Buddhism.

Orochis placed near the Sea of Japan on an 1851 map.
Orochis placed near the Sea of Japan on an 1851 map.

References