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Oroquieta
Layawan
City of Oroquieta
Misamis Occidental Provincial Athletic Complex located in Oroquieta City
Misamis Occidental Provincial Athletic Complex located in Oroquieta City
Flag of Oroquieta
Official seal of Oroquieta
Nickname: 
City of Good Life
Map of Misamis Occidental with Oroquieta highlighted
Map of Misamis Occidental with Oroquieta highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Map
Oroquieta is located in Philippines
Oroquieta
Oroquieta
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 8°29′N 123°48′E / 8.48°N 123.8°E / 8.48; 123.8
CountryPhilippines
RegionNorthern Mindanao
ProvinceMisamis Occidental
District 1st district
Founded1880
CityhoodJanuary 1, 1970
Barangays47 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorLemuel Meyrick M. Acosta (NP)
 • Vice MayorAurora Virginia M. Almonte (NP)
 • RepresentativeJason P. Almonte (PDP-Laban)
 • City Council
Members
 • Electorate54,839 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total237.88 km2 (91.85 sq mi)
Elevation
138 m (453 ft)
Highest elevation
1,925 m (6,316 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census)[3]
 • Total72,301
 • Density300/km2 (790/sq mi)
 • Households
17,326
DemonymOroquietanon
Economy
 • Income class4th city income class
 • Poverty incidence
15.55
% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱ 700.7 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 2,063 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 500.7 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 379.5 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityMisamis Occidental 1 Electric Cooperative (MOELCI 1)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
7207
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)88
Native languagesSubanon
Cebuano
Tagalog
Catholic dioceseArchdiocese of Ozamiz
Patron saintOur Lady of Holy Rosary
Websitewww.oroquietacity.gov.ph

Oroquieta,(formerly/originally known as Layawan), officially the City of Oroquieta (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Oroquieta; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Oroquieta), is a 4th class component city and capital of the province of Misamis Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 72,301 people.[3]

Etymology

Some sources reveal that the town got its name from the barrio in Spain where Father Toas Tomas Casado, the first parish priest, and General Domingo Moriones y Murillo, a hero in the Battle of Oroquieta, were born.[citation needed]

Another version is that Oroquieta had derived its name from the words oro (gold) and quita or kita (to find), in reference to the early inhabitants who had found gold along the river.

History

Layawan was the original name of Oroquieta, which was the barrio in the province of Misamis since 1861 until 1879. The early settlers then of the barrio were Boholanos. They found so many stray animals along the river, thus they named the place Layawan, which means a place of stray animals. A little later, Misamis was divided into two provinces, Misamis Occidental and Oriental. Then in 1880, Layawan changed its name to Oroquieta when it became a town.

Oroquieta became the capital (cabecera) on January 6, 1930. As capital town, people of various neighboring provinces came and inhabited in the place where they earn their living through fishing, farming, merchandising and other forms of businesses. Soon afterwards its income increased simultaneously with increase in population.

In 1942, Oroquieta was made the capital of the free Philippines by the recognized guerrillas and later the ongoing troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army. (Personal interview with the late Atty. Vicente Blanco, Municipal Mayor during the Japanese Occupation) During this time, President Manuel L. Quezon, together with Sergio Osmeña Sr., a bodyguard and Major Manuel Nieto Sr., landed in Oroquieta after their evacuation from Corregidor to Australia.

The seat of government of the Free Philippines then was the Capitol. The Free Philippine Government was then issuing Misamis Occidental emergency notes. President Quezon, upon knowing that Oroquieta was made a capital of the Free Philippines and that the town was issuing emergency notes, authorized the Printing of the Mindanao emergency note.

Cityhood

Main article: Cities of the Philippines

Oroquieta was created a city under Republic Act 5518 and inaugurated as a chartered city on January 1, 1970. The charter converting the municipality of Oroquieta into a city were signed by President Marcos on June 25, 1969, in the presence of the then City Mayor Ciriaco C. Pastrano, with the newly elected councilors and other city officials.

Geography

Oroquieta City is bounded on the south by Aloran and the north by Lopez Jaena. On the eastern side is Iligan Bay, with Concepcion on the southwest and Sapang Dalaga on the northwest. Lowland plains and coastal lowlands are located in the city's eastern side while highlands and mountains tower over its western side.

The city occupies roughly 26,393 hectares (65,220 acres), the majority of which comprises the mountain barangays of Mialen, Toliyok, and Sebucal, averaging less than a thousand hectares per Barangay, the 47 barangays of the City outsize its urbanized counterparts.

Climate

Climate data for Oroquieta City, Misamis Occidental
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(74)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 69
(2.7)
44
(1.7)
37
(1.5)
29
(1.1)
87
(3.4)
137
(5.4)
131
(5.2)
141
(5.6)
143
(5.6)
134
(5.3)
68
(2.7)
53
(2.1)
1,073
(42.3)
Average rainy days 9.9 7.6 7.4 8.1 21.6 26.5 26.4 26.6 25.8 24.3 15.1 10.4 209.7
Source: Meteoblue[5]

Barangays

Oroquieta City is politically subdivided into 47 barangays. Each barangay consists of puroks while some have sitios.

Demographics

Population census of Oroquieta
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 15,156—    
1918 18,014+1.16%
1939 21,523+0.85%
1948 22,837+0.66%
1960 29,477+2.15%
1970 38,575+2.72%
1975 42,497+1.96%
1980 47,328+2.18%
1990 52,500+1.04%
1995 56,012+1.22%
2000 59,843+1.43%
2007 65,349+1.22%
2010 68,945+1.97%
2015 70,757+0.50%
2020 72,301+0.43%
Graphs are temporarily unavailable due to technical issues.
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[6][7][8][9]

According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 72,301 people,[3] with a density of 300 inhabitants per square kilometre or 780 inhabitants per square mile.

Economy


The four major supermarkets in Oroquieta City include Harry Guantero Trading (HGT), Novo Oroquieta, Prince Hypermart Oroquieta, Robinsons Supermarket Oroquieta

Oroquieta City also has three branches of 7-Eleven convenience stores:

First branch - Independence Street near the Misamis Occidental Provincial Hospital Second branch - Independence Street corner Juan Luna Street (near Petron and City Hall annex) Third branch - recently opened, near the provincial capitol complex.

It has also been published recently by the LGU headed by the working mayor Hon. Lemuel Meyrick Acosta that Metro Central Mall will break ground in the city this year 2023. It is expected to boost the economy of Oroquieta in one of his social media live announcements.

Government

An "unofficial" seal of the city

Elected officials

Members of the Oroquieta City Council (2019-2022) Team Kita ang Oroquieta 20-0:

Members of the Oroquieta City Council (2022-2025) Team Asenso Oroquieta:

Healthcare

Hospitals and healthcare facilities:

Education

Students coming from Lanao del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga del Norte and Misamis Occidental come to Oroquieta to pursue their college education.

College/University Location
Southeast Asian Institute Oroquieta City Campus National Highway, Upper Rizal, Oroquieta City
Misamis University (MU) Ozamis St. Poblacion 1, Oroquieta City
University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines (USTP) Rizal St. Mobod Highway, Oroquieta City
Dr. Solomon U. Molina College (DSUMC) Independence St. Villaflor, Oroquieta City
C-Lan Institute of Technology LM Building, Ozamis St. Lower Langcangan, Oroquieta City
Oroquieta Agro Industrial School (OAIS) Villaflor, Oroquieta City
Southern Capital College (SCC) Juan Luna St. Poblacion 2, Oroquieta City
Stella Maris College (SMC) Rizal St. Poblacion 1, Oroquieta City
Misamis Occidental Technological Institute (MOTI) Pastrano St. Poblacion 1, Oroquieta City
Deor 'N Dune Academe School of Technology JC Building, Barrientos St. Poblacion 2, Oroquieta City
National Institute for Technical Excellence, Inc. (NITEX) De Barras Building, Barrientos St. Poblacion 2, Oroquieta City

Secondary schools:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ City of Oroquieta | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  5. ^ "Oroquieta: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
  6. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  7. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. National Statistics Office. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  8. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. National Statistics Office.
  9. ^ "Province of Misamis Occidental". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  10. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  11. ^ "Estimation of Local Poverty in the Philippines" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. November 29, 2005.
  12. ^ "2003 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. March 23, 2009.
  13. ^ "City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates; 2006 and 2009" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. August 3, 2012.
  14. ^ "2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. May 31, 2016.
  15. ^ "Municipal and City Level Small Area Poverty Estimates; 2009, 2012 and 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. July 10, 2019.
  16. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.