The topic of this article may not meet Wikipedia's general notability guideline. Please help to demonstrate the notability of the topic by citing reliable secondary sources that are independent of the topic and provide significant coverage of it beyond a mere trivial mention. If notability cannot be shown, the article is likely to be merged, redirected, or deleted.Find sources: "Orthodox Majesty" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (July 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Orthodox Majesty (Polish: król prawowierny) was the honorific title given in 1661 by Pope Alexander VII to King John II Casimir of Poland and Lithuania and his successors.[1] This was done as a reward for the banishment of Socinians from Poland by the Sejm in 1658.[2]

The sobriquet Righteous King in its original, Latin version of Rex Orthodoxus was wrongly connected with the Eastern Christian Orthodoxy, while the traditional and dominant religion in the state was Catholicism. The original grantee, John II Casimir, abdicated in 1668 and left Poland.

The title was eventually not adopted by the successive Polish monarchs and used only occasionally by John III, who himself was given the title of Defender of the Faith (Defensor Fidei) by Pope Innocent XI in 1684,[3] following his victory over the Ottoman Empire at the decisive Battle of Vienna in 1683.


  1. ^ Toze, E.; Nugent, T. (1770). The Present State of Europe:: Exhibiting a View of the Natural and Civil History of the Several Countries and Kingdoms ... To which is Prefixed, an Introductory Discourse on the Principles of Polity and Government. J. Nourse. p. 275. Retrieved 2020-07-14.
  2. ^ McLachlan, H. (1950). Essays and Addresses. Manchester University Press. p. 13. Retrieved 2020-07-14.
  3. ^ Kalendarium - Jan III Sobieski.