Coat of arms
Map of Kyrgyzstan, location of Osh Region highlighted
|• Governor||Taalaibek Sarybashev|
|• Total||28,934 km2 (11,171 sq mi)|
|• Density||47/km2 (120/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+6 (East)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+6 (not observed)|
|ISO 3166 code||KG-O|
Osh Region (Kyrgyz: Ош облусу, Oş oblusu/Osh oblusu, وش وبلاستى) is a region (oblast) of Kyrgyzstan. Its capital is Osh. It is bounded by (clockwise) Jalal-Abad Region, Naryn Region, Xinjiang, China, Tajikistan, Batken Region, and Uzbekistan.
Most of the population lives in the flat northern part of the Oblast, on the edge of the Ferghana Valley. The land gradually rises southward to the crest of the Alay Mountains, drops into the Alay Valley and rises to the Trans-Alai Range which forms the border with Tajikistan. In the east, the land rises to the Ferghana Range which is roughly parallel to the Naryn border. This area is drained by the Kara Darya which flows northwest to join the Naryn River to form the Syr Darya in the Ferghana Valley.
Highway M41 goes south over the mountains from Osh to the Tajik border. At Sary-Tash a branch goes east to the Chinese border crossing at Irkeshtam. The other main road goes west through the flat country to Batken Region.
As of 2009, Osh Region (excluding Osh) comprised 3 towns (Nookat, Uzgen, and Kara-Suu), 2 urban-type settlement and 474 villages. Its de facto population, according to the Population and Housing Census of 2009, was 999,576. Of them, 82,841 people live in urban areas, and 916,735 in rural ones.  Official population estimate for the beginning of 2020 was 1,368,054. 
More than half of all Kyrgyzstan's Uzbeks live in Osh Region. They are 28% of the regional population according to the 2009 census.
|Note: enumerated de facto population; Source:|
According to the 2009 Census, the ethnic composition of the Osh Region (de jure population) was:
|Ethnic group||Population||Proportion of population|
Osh Region is divided administratively into 7 districts (listed counter-clockwise):
Kyrgyzstan's only exclave within Uzbekistan is administratively part of Osh Region (Kara-Suu District). This is the tiny village of Barak (population 627) in the Fergana valley, located on the road from Osh (Kyrgyzstan) to Khodjaabad (Uzbekistan) about 4 km north-west from the Kyrgyz–Uzbek border in the direction of Andijan.