This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (September 2022) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the German article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 9,664 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Oskar Lafontaine]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|de|Oskar Lafontaine)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Oskar Lafontaine
Ministerpräsident a. D.
2017-03-26 Oskar Lafontaine by Sandro Halank–3.jpg
Oskar Lafontaine in 2017
Leader of the Social Democratic Party
In office
16 November 1995 – 12 March 1999
General SecretaryFranz Müntefering
Ottmar Schreiner
Preceded byRudolf Scharping
Succeeded byGerhard Schröder
Leader of The Left
In office
16 June 2007 – 15 May 2010
Serving with Lothar Bisky
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byKlaus Ernst
Minister of Finance
In office
27 October 1998 – 18 March 1999
ChancellorGerhard Schröder
Preceded byTheodor Waigel
Succeeded byHans Eichel
Minister-President of Saarland
In office
9 April 1985 – 9 November 1998
Preceded byWerner Zeyer
Succeeded byReinhard Klimmt
President of the Bundesrat
In office
1 November 1992 – 31 October 1993
Preceded byBerndt Seite
Succeeded byKlaus Wedemeier
Member of the Bundestag
In office
18 October 2005 – 1 February 2010
Succeeded byYvonne Ploetz
In office
26 October 1998 – 16 March 1999
Preceded byHimself (1994)
Succeeded byGudrun Roos
ConstituencySaarbrücken I
In office
15 November 1994 – 17 November 1994
Preceded byHimself (1990)[b]
Succeeded byElke Ferner
ConstituencySaarbrücken I
Leader of The Left in the Landtag of Saarland
Assumed office
23 September 2009
Preceded byPosition established
Lord Mayor of Saarbrücken
In office
1976 – 9 April 1985
Preceded byFritz Schuster
Succeeded byHans-Jürgen Koebnick
Member of the Landtag of Saarland
Assumed office
23 September 2009
Preceded byMulti-member district
In office
9 April 1985 – 9 November 1998
Preceded byMulti-member district
Succeeded byKarin Lawall
In office
13 July 1970 – 14 July 1975
Preceded byMulti-member district
Succeeded byMulti-member district
Personal details
Born (1943-09-16) 16 September 1943 (age 79)
Saarlautern (now Saarlouis), Nazi Germany (now Germany)
Political partySPD (1966–2005)
WASG (2005–2007)
The Left (2007–2022)
  • Ingrid Bachert
    (m. 1967; div. 1982)
  • Margret Müller
    (m. 1982; div. 1988)
  • Christa Müller
    (m. 1993; div. 2013)
  • (m. 2014)
  • Politician
  • Publicist

Oskar Lafontaine (German pronunciation: [ˈlafɔntɛn]; born 16 September 1943) is a German politician. He served as Minister-President of the state of Saarland from 1985 to 1998, and was federal leader of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) from 1995 to 1999. He was the lead candidate for the SPD in the 1990 German federal election, but lost by a wide margin. He served as Minister of Finance under Chancellor Gerhard Schröder after the SPD's victory in the 1998 federal election, but resigned from both the ministry and Bundestag less than six months later, positioning himself as a popular opponent of Schröder's policies in the tabloid press.

In the lead-up to the 2005 federal election, as a reaction to Schröder's Agenda 2010 reforms, Lafontaine co-founded the left-wing party Labour and Social Justice – The Electoral Alternative. Following a merger with the Party of Democratic Socialism in June 2007, he became co-chairman of The Left. He was the lead candidate for the Saarland branch of the party in the 2009 Saarland state election where it won over 20% of the vote. He announced his resignation from all federal political functions after being diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2009.[1] He retained his position as a member of the Saarland legislature, and since May 2012 has been leader of the opposition in Saarland. Lafontaine resigned from the Left Party on 17 March 2022 because it was no longer an "alternative to the politics of social insecurity and inequality," he said.[2]

Family and education

Lafontaine was born in Saarlautern (now Saarlouis) into a family of craftsmen. His father, Hans Lafontaine, was a professional baker and was killed serving in World War II. He spent his childhood living with his mother, Katharina (née Ferner), and his twin brother, Hans, in Dillingen.

He attended a Catholic episcopal boarding institution in Prüm and there was educated at the Regino-Gymnasium, a public school. He left school in 1962 and received a scholarship from Cusanuswerk, the scholarship body of the Catholic Church in Germany, to study physics at the universities of Bonn and Saarland. Lafontaine graduated in 1969; his thesis concerned the production of monocrystalline barium titanate. He worked for Versorgungs- und Verkehrsgesellschaft Saarbrücken until 1974, serving on its board from 1971.

Lafontaine has been married four times and has two sons by his second and third wives. Lafontaine was married to Ingrid Bachert from 1967 to 1982. From 1982 to 1988 he was married to the artist Margret Müller. Together they have a son (Frederic, born 1982). From 1993 to 2013 he was married to Christa Müller. They have a son together (Carl-Maurice, born 1997). In November 2011, Lafontaine officially presented fellow politician Sahra Wagenknecht as his new girlfriend, who is 26 years his junior.[3] Since 22 December 2014 they have been married.[4] He is a non-practising Catholic.[5]

Political rise

Lafontaine rose to prominence locally as mayor of Saarbrücken and became more widely known as a critic of chancellor Helmut Schmidt's support for the NATO plan to deploy Pershing II missiles in Germany. From 1985 to 1998 he served as Minister-President of the Saarland. In this position he struggled to preserve the industrial base of the state, which was based on steel production and coal mining with subsidies, and served as President of the Bundesrat in 1992/93.

Chancellor candidacy and assassination attempt

Lafontaine election poster, 1990
Lafontaine election poster, 1990

Lafontaine was the SPD's candidate for Chancellor in the German federal election of 1990. He faced nearly impossible odds. The election had been called two months after the reunification of Germany, and the incumbent government of Helmut Kohl was in a nearly unassailable position.

During the campaign he was attacked with a knife by a mentally deranged woman after a speech in Cologne. His carotid artery was slashed and he remained in a critical condition for several days.

Political comeback

At the "Mannheim convention" in 1995, he was elected chairman of the SPD in a surprise move, replacing Rudolf Scharping. He was mainly responsible for bringing the whole political weight of the SPD to bear against Kohl and his CDU party, rejecting bipartisan cooperation that had characterized German politics for many years. Lafontaine argued that any help given to Kohl would only lengthen his unavoidable demise.

After the SPD's unexpectedly clear victory at the polls in September 1998, he was appointed Federal Minister of Finance in the first government of Gerhard Schröder.

Minister of Finance

During his short tenure as Minister of Finance, Lafontaine was a main bogeyman of UK Eurosceptics. This was because, among other things, he had called for the prompt tax harmonisation of the European Union, which would have resulted in an increase in UK taxes. In 1998, English tabloid "The Sun" called Lafontaine "Europe's most dangerous man". On 11 March 1999, he resigned from all his official and party offices, claiming that "lack of cooperation" in the cabinet had become unbearable. Until the formation of the Left Party he was known for his attacks against the Schröder government in the tabloid Bild-Zeitung, which is generally considered conservative.

Leaving the SPD and formation of The Left party

On 24 May 2005 Lafontaine left the SPD. After two weeks of speculation it was announced on 10 June that he would run as the lead candidate for The Left party (Die Linke), a coalition of the Labor and Social Justice Party (WASG), which was based in western Germany, and the Left Party.PDS, which was the successor to the ruling East German Socialist Unity Party (SED).[6] Lafontaine joined the WASG on 18 June 2005 and was selected to head their list for the 2005 Federal Election in North Rhine-Westphalia on the same day. Moreover, he also unsuccessfully contested the Saarbrücken constituency, which he had previously represented from 1990 to 2002. Nevertheless, the result of the Left party in the Saarland was by far the best in any of the federal states in the West of Germany.

In 2007, when the Left Party was formed in a merger between 'Left Party.PDS' and WASG, he became chairman alongside Lothar Bisky.

In May 2009, he declared that "Financial capitalism has failed. We need to democratize the economy. The workforce needs to have a far greater say in their companies than has been the case so far."[7]


An article by Lafontaine on Erich Honecker, state and party leader of the German Democratic Republic and a fellow Saarlander, in the magazine Der Spiegel was criticised as laudatory by many observers. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, he tarnished his left-wing credentials with a plea for pro-business policies and a call for the reduction of the influx of Germans from Eastern Europe and asylum-seekers.

Lafontaine lives in a manor-like house, commonly known as the "palace of social justice" (Palast der sozialen Gerechtigkeit).[8] When asked about whether this could be in conflict with his socialist ideas, Lafontaine said politicians of the left do not have to be poor, but they have to fight against poverty.[9]

In a commentary published in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Lafontaine criticized the expansion of wind power, citing the alleged "destruction of the German Cultural landscape" as a cause for his objection.[10] The Alliance 90/The Greens top candidate Barbara Meyer-Gluche pushed back at this stance and accused Lafontaine of "irrational fearmongering".[11]




  1. ^ The position of Deputy Minister-President was not created until the first cabinet of Peter Müller
  2. ^ He had already been elected to the Bundestag for Saarbrücken I in the 1990 German federal election, but did not accept his mandate after the election. Michael Habermann was his successor on the party list.
Political offices Preceded byFritz Schuster Mayor of Saarbrücken 1976–1985 Succeeded byHans-Jürgen Koebnick (SPD) Preceded byWerner Zeyer (CDU) Minister-President of Saarland 1985–1998 Succeeded byReinhard Klimmt (SPD) Preceded byTheodor Waigel (CSU) German Minister of Finance 1998–1999 Succeeded byHans Eichel (SPD) Party political offices Preceded byRudolf Scharping Chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Germany 1995–1999 Succeeded byGerhard Schröder Preceded byNew title Co-Chairman of the Left Party 2007–2010With Lothar Bisky Succeeded byKlaus Ernst & Gesine Lötzsch