The location of Metropolitan France
The location of Metropolitan France
The territory of the French Republic
The territory of the French Republic
An enlargeable map of Metropolitan France
An enlargeable map of Metropolitan France

The following outline is provided as an overview and topical guide of France:

France – country in Western Europe with several overseas regions and territories. Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. From its shape, it is often referred to in French as l’Hexagone ("The Hexagon").

General reference

Constituent lands of the French Republic
Constituent lands of the French Republic

Geography of France

Main article: Geography of France

An enlargeable topographic map of Metropolitan France
An enlargeable topographic map of Metropolitan France
 Spain 623 km (387 mi)
 Belgium 620 km (385 mi)
  Switzerland 573 km (356 mi)
 Italy 488 km (303 mi)
 Germany 451 km (280 mi)
 Luxembourg 73 km (45 mi)
 Andorra 57 km (35 mi)
 Monaco 4 km (2 mi)
 Brazil 673 km (418 mi)
 Suriname 510 km (317 mi)
  • Coastline: 4,668 km (2,901 mi)
  • Metropolitan France: 3,427 km (2,129 mi)
  • Incorporated overseas territories: 1,241 km (771 mi)

Environment of France

An enlargeable satellite image of Metropolitan France
An enlargeable satellite image of Metropolitan France

Geographic features of France

The Seine as seen from the Pont Royal
The Seine as seen from the Pont Royal

Regions of France

"Region" is also the name of France's main type of political division

Administrative divisions of France

Main articles: Administrative divisions of France and Regions of France

Regions of France (Administrative)

Regions of France Since January 1, 2016, continental France is divided into 13 administrative Regions instead of the former 22 regions. The 5 overseas regions are untouched:

Before 2016 From January, 1st 2016

  1. Alsace
  2. Aquitaine
  3. Auvergne
  4. Lower Normandy
  5. Burgundy
  6. Brittany
  7. Centre-Val de Loire
  8. Champagne-Ardenne
  9. Corsica (special status)
10. Franche-Comté
11. Upper Normandy

12. Île-de-France
13. Languedoc-Roussillon
14. Limousin
15. Lorraine
16. Midi-Pyrénées
17. Nord-Pas de Calais
18. Pays de la Loire
19. Picardy
20. Poitou-Charentes
21. Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
22. Rhône-Alpes

  1. Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
  2. Nouvelle-Aquitaine
  3. Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
  4. Normandy
  5. Grand Est
  6. Brittany
  7. Centre-Val de Loire
  8. Occitanie
  9. Hauts-de-France
10. Île-de-France
11. Pays de la Loire

12. Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
13. Corsica (special status)

Departments of France

Departments of France French departments are roughly analogous to British counties.

Departments and Regions of France
Departments and Regions of France
INSEE code Arms Department Prefecture
01
Blason département fr Ain.svg
Ain Bourg-en-Bresse
02
Blason département fr Aisne.svg
Aisne Laon
03
Blason dpt fr Allier.svg
Allier Moulins
04
Blason departement Alpes-de-Haute-Provence.svg
Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Digne-les-Bains
05
Blason dpt fr HautesAlpes.svg
Hautes-Alpes Gap
06
Nice Arms.svg
Alpes-Maritimes Nice
07
Blason dpt fr Ardeche.svg
Ardèche Privas
08
Blason département fr Ardennes.svg
Ardennes Charleville-Mézières
09
Blason dpt fr Ariège.svg
Ariège Foix
10
Blason département fr Aube.svg
Aube Troyes
11
Blason dpt fr Aude.svg
Aude Carcassonne
12
Blason Rouergue.svg
Aveyron Rodez
13
Blason département fr Bouches-du-Rhône.svg
Bouches-du-Rhône Marseille
14
Blason département fr Calvados.svg
Calvados Caen
15
Blason dpt fr Cantal.svg
Cantal Aurillac
16
Blason département fr Charente.svg
Charente Angoulême
17
Blason département fr Charente-Maritime.svg
Charente-Maritime La Rochelle
18
Blason dpt fr Cher.svg
Cher Bourges
19
Blason département fr Corrèze.svg
Corrèze Tulle
2A
Coat of Arms of Corsica.svg
Corse-du-Sud Ajaccio
2B
Coat of Arms of Corsica.svg
Haute-Corse Bastia
21
Blason département fr Côte-d
Côte-d'Or Dijon
22
Blason département fr Côtes-d’Armor.svg
Côtes-d'Armor Saint-Brieuc
23
Blason Boubon-La Marche.svg
Creuse Guéret
24
Blason Dordogne 1.svg
Dordogne Périgueux
25
Blason département fr Doubs.svg
Doubs Besançon
26
Blason département fr Drôme.svg
Drôme Valence
27
Blason département fr Eure.svg
Eure Évreux
28
Blason département fr Eure-et-Loir.svg
Eure-et-Loir Chartres
29
Blason29.svg
Finistère Quimper
30
Blason département fr Gard.svg
Gard Nîmes
31
Blason département fr Haute-Garonne.svg
Haute-Garonne Toulouse
32
Blason dpt fr Gers.svg
Gers Auch
33
Blason département fr Gironde.svg
Gironde Bordeaux
34
Blason département fr Hérault.svg
Hérault Montpellier
35
Blason département fr Ille-et-Vilaine.svg
Ille-et-Vilaine Rennes
36
Blason département fr Indre.svg
Indre Châteauroux
37
Blason département fr Indre-et-Loire.svg
Indre-et-Loire Tours
38
Blason departement Isere.svg
Isère Grenoble
39
Blason département fr Jura.svg
Jura Lons-le-Saunier
40
Blason dpt fr Landes.svg
Landes Mont-de-Marsan
41
Blason département fr Loir-et-Cher.svg
Loir-et-Cher Blois
42
Blason departement Loire.svg
Loire Saint-Étienne
43
Blason dpt fr Haute-Loire.svg
Haute-Loire Le Puy-en-Velay
44
Blason département fr Loire-Atlantique.svg
Loire-Atlantique Nantes
45
Blason département fr Loiret.svg
Loiret Orléans
46
Blason département fr Lot.svg
Lot Cahors
47
Blason département fr Lot-et-Garonne.svg
Lot-et-Garonne Agen
48
Blason département fr Lozère.svg
Lozère Mende
49
Blason departement Maine-et-Loire.svg
Maine-et-Loire Angers
50
Blason département fr Manche.svg
Manche Saint-Lô
51
Blason departement Marne.svg
Marne Châlons-en-Champagne
52
Blason département fr Haute-Marne.svg
Haute-Marne Chaumont
53
Blason département fr Mayenne.svg
Mayenne Laval
54
Blason Meurthe-et-Moselle.svg
Meurthe-et-Moselle Nancy
55
Blason Meuse.svg
Meuse Bar-le-Duc
56
Blason departement Morbihan.svg
Morbihan Vannes
57
Blason Moselle.svg
Moselle Metz
58
Blason dpt fr Nievre.svg
Nièvre Nevers
59
Blason Nord-Pas-De-Calais.svg
Nord Lille
60
Blason département fr Oise.svg
Oise Beauvais
61
Blason département fr Orne.svg
Orne Alençon
62
Pas de Calais Arms.svg
Pas-de-Calais Arras
63
Blason dpt fr Puy-de-Dome.svg
Puy-de-Dôme Clermont-Ferrand
64
Blason des Pyrénées-Atlantiques.svg
Pyrénées-Atlantiques Pau
65
Blason dpt fr HautesPyrenees.svg
Hautes-Pyrénées Tarbes
66
Arms of the Pyrénées-Orientales.svg
Pyrénées-Orientales Perpignan
67
Blason département fr Bas-Rhin.svg
Bas-Rhin Strasbourg
68
Blason Haut Rhin.svg
Haut-Rhin Colmar
69
Blason dpt fr Rhone.svg
Rhône Lyon
70
Blason dpt fr Haute-Saone.svg
Haute-Saône Vesoul
71
Blason département fr Saône-et-Loire.svg
Saône-et-Loire Mâcon
72
Blason dpt fr Sarthe.svg
Sarthe Le Mans
73
Blason duche fr Savoie.svg

Blason département fr Savoie.svg

Savoie Chambéry
74
Blason duche fr Savoie.svg

Blason département fr Haute-Savoie.svg

Haute-Savoie Annecy
75
Blason paris 75.svg
Paris¹ Paris
76
Blason76.svg
Seine-Maritime Rouen
77
Blason département fr Seine-et-Marne.svg
Seine-et-Marne Melun
78
Blason département fr Yvelines.svg
Yvelines² Versailles
79
Blason département fr Deux-Sèvres.svg
Deux-Sèvres Niort
80
Blason département fr Somme.svg
Somme Amiens
81
Blason dpt fr Tarn.svg
Tarn Albi
82
Blason département fr Tarn-et-Garonne.svg
Tarn-et-Garonne Montauban
83
Blason departement Var.svg
Var Toulon
84
Blason département fr Vaucluse.svg
Vaucluse Avignon
85
Blason dpt fr 85 Vendée.svg
Vendée La Roche-sur-Yon
86
Blason département fr Vienne.svg
Vienne Poitiers
87
Blason département fr Haute-Vienne.svg
Haute-Vienne Limoges
88
Blason département fr Vosges.svg
Vosges Épinal
89
Blason département fr Yonne.svg
Yonne Auxerre
90
Blason département fr Territoire de Belfort.svg
Territoire de Belfort Belfort
91
Blason département fr Essonne.svg
Essonne³ Évry
92
Blason département fr Hauts-de-Seine.svg
Hauts-de-Seine4 Nanterre
93
Blason département fr Seine-Saint-Denis.svg
Seine-Saint-Denis5 Bobigny
94
Blason département fr Val-de-Marne.svg
Val-de-Marne Créteil
95
Blason département fr Val-d
Val-d'Oise Cergy/Pontoise6
971
Coat of arms of Guadeloupe.svg
Guadeloupe7 Basse-Terre
972
Coat of arms of Martinique.svg
Martinique7 Fort-de-France
973
Blason de la Guyane.svg
Guyane7 Cayenne
974
Blason Réunion DOM.svg
La Réunion7 Saint-Denis
976
Coat of Arms of Mayotte.svg
Mayotte7 Mamoudzou
The Eiffel Tower, with the skyline of Paris in the background
The Eiffel Tower, with the skyline of Paris in the background
Municipalities of France

Main article: Communes of France

Demography of France

Main article: Demographics of France

Neighbors of France

Map showing France and its neighbours
Map showing France and its neighbours

Metropolitan France is bordered by:

France is also linked to:

France's overseas departments share borders with:

Government and politics of France

Main articles: Government of France and Politics of France

Branches of the government of France

Main article: Government of France

Executive branch

Emmanuel Macron, current President of France

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Main article: Justice in France

International relations of France

Foreign relations

International organization membership

The French Republic is a member of:[3]

Law of France

Main article: Law of France

A policeman armed with a submachine gun guarding a police station in Paris
A policeman armed with a submachine gun guarding a police station in Paris

Historical law

Military of France

Main article: Military of France

French Armed Forces, armed with FAMAS F1 assault rifles, await for the opening of the Memorial Day ceremony at the LaFayette Escadrille Monument in Paris, France.
French Armed Forces, armed with FAMAS F1 assault rifles, await for the opening of the Memorial Day ceremony at the LaFayette Escadrille Monument in Paris, France.

History of France

Main articles: History of France and Timeline of French history

General topics

Napoleon Crossing the Alps, by Jacques-Louis David. Portrait of Napoleon I of France (Napoleon Bonaparte).
Fortified city of Carcassonne and the Pont Vieux crossing the Aude river.
Fortified city of Carcassonne and the Pont Vieux crossing the Aude river.

By period

See also: List of years in France

De Gaulle-OWI.jpg

Charles de Gaulle was the leader (and General) of the Free French Forces during World War II, he founded the Provisional Government of the French Republic, was a prime minister of the French Fourth Republic, and was the first president of the French Fifth Republic.

Culture of France

Main article: Culture of France

Palace of Versailles
Eiffel tower on Bastille Day
The Louvre Museum, in Paris, is home to many of the world's greatest masterpieces of art, including the Mona Lisa.
The Louvre Museum, in Paris, is home to many of the world's greatest masterpieces of art, including the Mona Lisa.

Religion and belief systems in France

Sports in France

Main article: Sport in France

Tour de France 2005 : Arrival in Mulhouse from Gérardmer
Tour de France 2005 : Arrival in Mulhouse from Gérardmer
A traceur – a practitioner of parkour – performs an équilibre de chat (cat balance).
A traceur – a practitioner of parkour – performs an équilibre de chat (cat balance).

Sport articles specific to France:

Economy and infrastructure of France

Main article: Economy of France

TGV Duplex in Paris, Gare de Lyon. TVG stands for train à grande vitesse, which is French for "train of great speed"), and is the name of France's high-speed rail service.
TGV Duplex in Paris, Gare de Lyon. TVG stands for train à grande vitesse, which is French for "train of great speed"), and is the name of France's high-speed rail service.

France is the most visited country in the world, receiving over 79 million foreign tourists annually (including business visitors, but excluding people staying less than 24 hours in France).[4]

Euro banknotes
Euro banknotes

Education in France

Main article: Education in France

The three stages of the education process in France:

Health in France

Main article: Health in France

See also

France

Notes

  1. ^ French Guiana is located in South America; Guadeloupe and Martinique are in the Caribbean; and Réunion and Mayotte are in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Africa. All five are considered integral parts of the republic.

References

  1. ^ Overcoming barriers: Human mobility and development. Human Development Report 2009. the United Nations Development Programme. New York. ISBN 978-0-230-23904-3
  2. ^ Map of France, SitesAtlas.com, 2009, webpage: SitA-507.
  3. ^ "France". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
  4. ^ Government of France, Directorate of Tourism. "79 millions d'arrivées de touristes internationaux en 2006" (PDF) (in French). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-08-08. Retrieved 2007-07-31.

Wikimedia Atlas of France

French government

Country profiles

Culture