An enlargeable map of Japan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Japan:

Japan – an island nation in East Asia, located in the Pacific Ocean. It lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin" (because it lies to the east of nearby countries), which is why Japan is sometimes referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is an archipelago of 14,125 islands. The four largest islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku, which together comprise about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area.

General reference

Geography of Japan

Main article: Geography of Japan

An enlargeable topographic/hydrographic map of Japan
An enlargeable map of the extreme points of Japan

Environment of Japan

Main article: Environment of Japan

An enlargeable satellite image of Japan
Mount Ontake seen from Kurakake Pass

Geographic features of Japan

An enlargeable map of the World Heritage Sites of Japan

Regions of Japan

Main articles: Islands of Japan and Regions of Japan

Tsunami wall at Tsu, Mie

The four main islands of Japan are:

Major regions of Japan include:

Ecoregions of Japan

Main article: Ecoregions of Japan

Administrative divisions of Japan

Prefectures of Japan

Main article: Prefectures of Japan

Map of the prefectures of Japan in ISO 3166-2:JP order and the regions of Japan

From north to south (numbering in ISO 3166-2:JP order), the prefectures of Japan and their commonly associated regions are:

1. Hokkaido

2. Aomori
3. Iwate
4. Miyagi
5. Akita
6. Yamagata
7. Fukushima

8. Ibaraki
9. Tochigi
10. Gunma
11. Saitama
12. Chiba
13. Tokyo
14. Kanagawa

15. Niigata
16. Toyama
17. Ishikawa
18. Fukui
19. Yamanashi
20. Nagano
21. Gifu
22. Shizuoka
23. Aichi

24. Mie
25. Shiga
26. Kyoto
27. Osaka
28. Hyōgo
29. Nara
30. Wakayama

31. Tottori
32. Shimane
33. Okayama
34. Hiroshima
35. Yamaguchi

36. Tokushima
37. Kagawa
38. Ehime
39. Kōchi

40. Fukuoka
41. Saga
42. Nagasaki
43. Kumamoto
44. Ōita
45. Miyazaki
46. Kagoshima
47. Okinawa

Karafuto, a portion of the island of Sakhalin north of Hokkaido (not shown on the map), was part of Japan from 1907 until World War II. The entire island is now governed by Russia.

Municipalities of Japan

Main article: Municipalities of Japan

Cities of Japan

Demography of Japan

Main article: Demographics of Japan

Government and politics of Japan

Main article: Politics of Japan

Naruhito, 126th Emperor of Japan

Branches of the government of Japan

Main article: Government of Japan

Executive branch of the government of Japan

Present-day Kantei, office and residence of the Prime Minister

Legislative branch of the government of Japan

National Diet Building

Judicial branch of the government of Japan

Foreign relations of Japan

Main article: Foreign relations of Japan

Dish of whale meat

International organization membership of Japan

Japan is a member of:[3]

Law and order of Japan

Main article: Law of Japan

Motorcycle policeman questioning driver

Military of Japan

Main article: Military of Japan

History of Japan

Main pages: History of Japan, Timeline of Japanese history, and Current events of Japan

Japanese bushi in armour

History of Japan by period

Culture of Japan

Main article: Culture of Japan

Japanese tea ceremony
Woman in kimono at Fukuoka City Hall

Architecture of Japan

Main article: Architecture of Japan

Himeji Castle (UNESCO World Heritage Site)

Art of Japan

Main article: Japanese art

Kyoto geiko playing shamisen
Bugaku theatre
Bankei Yōtaku calligraphy
Noh mask, Bern Historical Museum

Cuisine of Japan

Main article: Japanese cuisine

A traditional Japanese breakfast
Kuzumochi, a dessert traditionally served chilled

Cultural icons of Japan

Sōraku-en rhododendron garden
Sakura at Tsu Castle

Fashion in Japan

Main article: Japanese clothing

A woman wearing kimono

Holidays and festivals of Japan

Main articles: Holidays of Japan and Japanese festivals

Momijigari at Ryōan-ji in Kyoto

Homes in Japan

Main article: Housing in Japan

Byōbu, an eight-panel folding screen from the 19th century
Sōgetsu-ryū ikebana arrangement

Language in Japan

Main article: Languages of Japan

People of Japan

Main articles: Japanese people and List of Japanese people

Ethnicity in Japan

Stereotypes in Japan

A geisha and a maiko dancing

Religion in Japan

Main article: Religion in Japan

Sports and gaming in Japan

Main article: Sports in Japan

Aikido, a modern Japanese martial art

Economy and infrastructure of Japan

Lexus LF-LC concept, a two-door coupé produced by Lexus
Tokyo Skytree, the tallest structure in Japan

Economy of Japan

Zaō Quasi-National Park

Education in Japan

Main articles: Education in Japan and History of education in Japan

Japanese junior high school students in sailor outfit-style school uniforms

Structure of education in Japan

Health in Japan

Main article: Health in Japan

Science and technology of Japan

Main article: Science and technology in Japan

JAXA Kibo, the largest module for the International Space Station

See also


  1. ^ The Emperor has no executive authority, but is treated as a head of state under diplomatic protocol
  2. ^ While the Yamato period (250–710 CE) is considered to include both the Kofun and Asuka periods, as it spans both an archaeological period (Kofun) and a historical period (Asuka), it is held by many to be an outdated period of division in Japan's history, and no longer applicable in discussions of period division.


  1. ^ "Facts and Figures of Japan 2007 01: Land" (PDF). Foreign Press Center Japan. p. 1. Retrieved 2009-07-04.
  2. ^ "Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications". United Nations Statistics Division. 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
  3. ^ "Japan". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 14, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.

Wikimedia Atlas of Japan