The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to neuroscience:

Neuroscience is the scientific study of the structure and function of the nervous system.[1][2] It encompasses the branch of biology[3] that deals with the anatomy, biochemistry, molecular biology, and physiology of neurons and neural circuits. It also encompasses cognition, and human behavior.[2] Neuroscience has multiple concepts that each relate to learning abilities and memory functions. Additionally, the brain is able to transmit signals that cause conscious/unconscious behaviors that are responses verbal or non-verbal. This allows people to communicate with one another. [4]

Branches of neuroscience


Neurophysiology is the study of the function (as opposed to structure) of the nervous system.


Neuroanatomy is the study of the anatomy of nervous tissue and neural structures of the nervous system.


Neuropharmacology is the study of how drugs affect cellular function in the nervous system.

Behavioral neuroscience

Behavioral neuroscience, also known as biological psychology, biopsychology, or psychobiology, is the application of the principles of biology to the study of mental processes and behavior in human and non-human animals.

Developmental neuroscience

Developmental neuroscience aims to describe the cellular basis of brain development and to address the underlying mechanisms. The field draws on both neuroscience and developmental biology to provide insight into the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which complex nervous systems develop.

Cognitive neuroscience

Cognitive neuroscience is concerned with the scientific study of biological substrates underlying cognition, with a focus on the neural substrates of mental processes.

Further information: Repetitive visual stimulus

Systems neuroscience

Systems neuroscience is a subdiscipline of neuroscience which studies the function of neural circuits and systems. It is an umbrella term, encompassing a number of areas of study concerned with how nerve cells behave when connected together to form neural networks.

Molecular neuroscience

Molecular neuroscience is a branch of neuroscience that examines the biology of the nervous system with molecular biology, molecular genetics, protein chemistry and related methodologies.

Computational neuroscience

Computational neuroscience includes both the study of the information processing functions of the nervous system, and the use of digital computers to study the nervous system. It is an interdisciplinary science that links the diverse fields of neuroscience, cognitive science and psychology, electrical engineering, computer science, physics and mathematics.


Neurophilosophy or "philosophy of neuroscience" is the interdisciplinary study of neuroscience and philosophy. Work in this field is often separated into two distinct approaches. The first approach attempts to solve problems in philosophy of mind with empirical information from the neurosciences. The second approach attempts to clarify neuroscientific results using the conceptual rigor and methods of philosophy of science.


Neurology is the medical specialty dealing with disorders of the nervous system. It deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of disease involving the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems.


Neuropsychology studies the structure and function of the brain related to psychological processes and behaviors. The term is used most frequently with reference to studies of the effects of brain damage in humans and animals.

Neuroevolution and neuroeconomics

History of neuroscience

Nervous system

Outline of the human nervous system

Neuroscience organizations

See also: Category:Neuroscience organizations

Persons influential in the field of neuroscience

Related sciences

See also


  1. ^ "Neuroscience". Merriam-Webster Medical Dictionary.
  2. ^ a b "Neuroscience | Psychology Today Canada". Psychology Today. Retrieved 2020-03-10.
  3. ^ "the definition of neurobiology". Retrieved 2017-06-21.
  4. ^ "Neuroscience Core Concepts". Retrieved 2022-04-27.