Oxoboxo River
Location
CountryUnited States
StateConnecticut
CountiesNew London
Physical characteristics
SourceOxoboxo Lake
 • locationMontville, Connecticut, United States
MouthThames River
 • location
Montville, New London County, Connecticut, United States
Length6 mi (9.7 km)
Basin size6,768 acres (2,739 ha)

The Oxoboxo River, /ˈɑːksˌbɑːks/ shown on federal maps as Oxoboxo Brook,[1] is a tributary of the Thames River in New London County, Connecticut. It flows roughly 6 miles (9.7 km) in a southeasterly direction from its source at Oxoboxo Lake to its confluence with the Thames. It has a watershed of 6,768 acres (27.39 km2), 87% of which is in the town of Montville.[2]

The Oxoboxo was an important source of water power during English colonial settlement and 19th-century European-American industrial development in Montville. Colonists built the first sawmill on the river in 1653. As of the 1880s, the river supplied power for 15 cotton, woolen, and paper mills.[2] The river's source, Oxoboxo Lake, is a natural lake whose size and elevation have been increased by damming. The earliest dam at Oxoboxo lake was constructed in the 17th century; it has been rebuilt and increased in height several times since, reaching its current elevation in the 1880s.[2]

The name was derived from Algonquian languages of the area, which had terms for the river and lake. Other historical names for the stream and alternative spellings of "Oxoboxo" include Abscubogset, Absubogsuck, Cochikuack Brook, Cokichiwake, Cokikuak, Cuchickuwock, Okeshoksee, Okseboksce, Oxopaugsuck, Oxyboxy, and Sawmill Brook. Many are transliterations of the feature name in the Mohegan and other Algonquian languages of historical Native American tribes in the area.[1] The name Oxoboxo reads the same frontwards and backwards, making it a noted example of a palindrome.

See also

References