|Type||Medium-range, active radar homing air-to-air BVR missile|
|Place of origin||People's Republic of China|
|Used by||People's Liberation Army Air Force|
Myanmar Air Force
|Mass||180 kilograms (400 lb)|
|Engine||Solid fuel rocket|
|70–100 kilometres (43–62 mi)|
The PL-12 (Chinese: 霹雳-12; pinyin: Pī Lì-12; lit. 'Thunderbolt-12') is an active radar-guided beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile developed by the People's Republic of China. It is considered comparable to the US AIM-120 AMRAAM and the Russian R-77.
The first public information of the Leihua Electronic Technology Research Institute's PL-12 – then called the SD-10 – emerged in 2001. Development was assisted by Vympel NPO and Agat of Russia. Liang Xiaogeng is believed to have been the chief designer. Four successful test firings were made in 2004. By 2005, the missile was also known as the PL-12.
The PL-12 may use the radar and data link from the Russian R-77, or otherwise use systems benefiting from technology transfers from Russia. The missile uses a Chinese rocket motor and airframe. The PL-12 may have a passive homing mode for use against jammers and AEW aircraft.
(600) PL-12/SD-10 BVRAAM (2006) 2010-2019 (475) For JF-17 and possibly modernized Mirage-3/5 combat aircraft
(60) PL-12/SD-10 BVRAAM (2015) 2018-2019 (24) For JF-17 combat aircraft