Palei
Geographic
distribution
eastern Sandaun Province, Papua New Guinea
Linguistic classificationTorricelli
  • Palei
Glottolognucl1722  (Nuclear Palai)
west2788  (West Palai)
Torricelli languages map.svg
The Torricelli languages as classified by Foley (2018). Palei and Wapei languages are yellow.

The Palei languages constitute a branch of the Torricelli language family according to Laycock (1975) (quoted from Foley 2018). They are spoken in mountainous regions of eastern Sandaun Province, Papua New Guinea.

Languages

Languages are:[citation needed]

Nambi (Nabi) = Metan may also belong here, or may be one of the Maimai languages, or separate within the Torricelli languages.

Pronouns

Pronouns in Palei languages are:[1]

Palei pronouns
Kayik Aru Aruop Aiku Nambi
1s kəmex au am wup ai
2s kiyox i yi yit yi
3s təno din tuwun
1p kupox amən mendi miyan ep
2p kinox yi yimi yip yip
3p təmo may dim ti rəm

Vocabulary comparison

The following basic vocabulary words are from Laycock (1968),[2] as cited in the Trans-New Guinea database.[3] Nabi words are from Laycock (1968) and Voorhoeve (1971, 1975).[4][5]

gloss Aruop Agi Amol Nabi Wanap Yangum Mon
head wantu paikwa wotuf peləf wah
ear yaŋkole muᶇkwalnta taŋkən kik nuŋkul yiŋkuːl
eye yolta juwol nəmalal nampəkat yilp yilkŋum
nose mup tuwarka mipan minif təlom yimwar
tooth na nai owayen naf nef awak
tongue aləta naliya akaŋ wulaf kəːləp yalip
leg ala safiel tip kelfek rak
louse yimunə watokəl yimukun kakyerk yiməl yimul
dog yimpa nəmpo yimpan pat yimpa yimpak
pig bene
bird ali nol alin napet kal al
egg yoltə nəŋkoi yinalən ponorire; yufəlip yiplop yulp
blood səna xaməŋka səneimpən amk komkok yuwanip
bone pəniŋki kamənaŋkil lapən lekəl yiklia
skin wiye jiwota yakən wiyírk saf yikisiw
breast yimá nəmai yimawoŋ nəmap yimaŋkəf yimán
tree nəmpə numwol nimpən nip nimp nim
man makenti kamwol maikən məsəmiyen nyiŋkilpən almias
woman simi wukora asək ri kekəntə wasi
sun wa wota wan waf kentief təkŋan
moon anyə uni ayen wunɨ keːnyif mərəŋkil
water suku wul səpən sup; wer kuː sulp
fire yimpu ni niŋ nɨ; wetai nif niw
stone atauka səmpeiken et; rubukia kipru pikiyap
one eso
two piya piyami nantiyou mantio; ru poyomp piyak

References

  1. ^ Foley, William A. (2018). "The Languages of the Sepik-Ramu Basin and Environs". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. Vol. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 197–432. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  2. ^ Laycock, Donald C. 1968. Languages of the Lumi Subdistrict (West Sepik District), New Guinea. Oceanic Linguistics, 7 (1): 36-66.
  3. ^ Greenhill, Simon (2016). "TransNewGuinea.org - database of the languages of New Guinea". Retrieved 2020-11-05.
  4. ^ Voorhoeve, C.L. Languages of Irian Jaya: Checklist. Preliminary classification, language maps, wordlists. B-31, iv + 133 pages. Pacific Linguistics, The Australian National University, 1975. doi:10.15144/PL-B31
  5. ^ Voorhoeve, C.L. "Miscellaneous Notes on Languages in West Irian, New Guinea". In Dutton, T., Voorhoeve, C. and Wurm, S.A. editors, Papers in New Guinea Linguistics No. 14. A-28:47-114. Pacific Linguistics, The Australian National University, 1971. doi:10.15144/PL-A28.47