Panasonic M2
DeveloperThe 3DO Company
TypeVideo game console
GenerationSixth generation era
CPUDual 66 MHz PowerPC 602
Predecessor3DO Interactive Multiplayer

The Panasonic M2 is a video game console platform developed by 3DO and then sold to Matsushita, a company known outside Japan by the brand Panasonic.[1][2] Initially announced as a peripheral chip for the 3DO Interactive Multiplayer, it was later unveiled as a standalone console. The console was cancelled in 1997, but the M2 technology was incorporated into other devices.

Development kits and prototypes of the machine became very valuable pieces among collectors. M2's technology was integrated in the multimedia players FZ-21S and FZ-35S, both released in 1998.[citation needed] Both products were aimed at professionals working in medicine, architecture, and sales, but not home users. The M2 also became a short-lived arcade board by Konami. The agreement to develop the board was made well in advance of the M2 console's planned release date, with the understanding that games using the arcade board would be ported to the home console, similar to the relationship between the PlayStation and Namco System 11.[3][4] Because games ran straight from the CD-ROM drive, it suffered from long load times and a high failure rate, so only five games were developed for it.

The M2 technology was later used in automated teller machines, and in Japan in coffee vending machines.[citation needed]

In the late 1990s and from 2000 on, the system was also sold in the interactive kiosk market. In 2000, PlanetWeb, Inc. began offering software to allow the M2 to be used as an Internet appliance.[5] All of the software released for the M2 kiosks was developed with the "CDMotion for M2/M2X" software, which was a point and click "codeless" SDK for M2. None of the applications utilized the Macintosh based SDK in conjunction with Macintosh Programmers Workbench.[citation needed]


As with the 3DO Interactive Multiplayer, the M2 hardware was co-designed by Dave Needle and R. J. Mical.[6] First announced as a peripheral chip for the 3DO Interactive Multiplayer with a custom PowerPC microprocessor,[7][8] the M2 eventually became a standalone console and was exhibited and demonstrated at the 1995 Electronic Entertainment Expo.[9] For a time, the M2 was scheduled to be released both as a standalone unit and as an add-on chip.[10][11] In 1996, an M2 developer stated that he didn't think an M2 add-on chip was possible because the 3DO Interactive Multiplayer and M2 architectures were too vastly different from each other.[12]

Initially the plan was for the 3DO Company to license the console to multiple manufacturers, as it had done with the 3DO Interactive Multiplayer, and both Matsushita (Panasonic) and GoldStar were signed on to produce M2 units.[13][14] However, 3DO later sold exclusive rights to the M2 to Panasonic[15] and relinquished their involvement with the console over the next several months. Several of the M2's third party developers expressed concern that Panasonic would be unable to give them the same high quality development support that they had been receiving from 3DO, and said that in light of this they were reconsidering whether it would be worth the effort of learning how to develop for the M2.[16] For several months Panasonic and Sega were discussing a partnership over the M2, but talks between the two companies broke down in the second quarter of 1996.[17] According to 3DO president Trip Hawkins, "The deal was virtually done. It only fell apart at the last minute."[18]

According to Omid Kordestani, a 3DO spokesperson, the M2 could generate 1 million polygons per second with the graphics features turned off and 700,000 polygons per second with the features turned on.[8] There were plans to make M2 models with built-in DVD players, similar to the later PlayStation 2.[19] According to 3DO senior vice president of hardware engineering Toby Farrand, "M2 was designed knowing that we would make it a DVD capable player."[20]

A review in Next Generation published well before the console's planned release gave it four out of five stars, claiming that the M2 was several times as powerful as any gaming console then on the market. They also praised the 3DO Company's strategies for securing third party support for the system, and concluded that "M2 has crossed the line from being a collection of fanciful tech specs to hard silicon that people can work on and believe in."[21]

The M2 failed to appear at the 1996 Electronic Entertainment Expo; a Panasonic spokesperson at the show said they were still undecided on how they were going to use the M2 technology, and that it was no longer certain as a gaming platform.[22] By the end of 1996 a release date was not yet set for the console, and third party developers were stating that in practice the M2 was not significantly more powerful than the Nintendo 64.[23] Electronic Gaming Monthly summarized the M2 situation at this time: "Some months, it seems the boat is still afloat: Rumors crop up of a public showing, new demos come out or a Matsushita official doles out some tantalizing hints. Other months, it seems the boat has capsized, with developers scrambling to get off the boat while they still can."[24]

The M2 was a very powerful 64-Bit design with a lot of RAM and a big disk drive. Perhaps like the 3DO, it was slightly ahead of its time because of the component costs, but this is the design direction where the industry is headed.

—3DO President Trip Hawkins, commenting on the cancellation of the M2[25]

Matsushita cancelled the project in mid-1997, unwilling to compete against fellow Japanese electronics giant Sony's PlayStation and Nintendo's Nintendo 64, both of which had recently had several top-selling games released for them.[26][27] Word of this leaked in late May, but it was not until July that the console's cancellation was made public, via an announcement by Matsushita president Yoichi Morishita.[28][29][30] The M2 was canceled so close to release, marketing had already taken place in the form of flyers, and several of its prospected launch titles had gameplay screens in circulation.

In October 1997 Matsushita announced that they were marketing the M2 hardware as an industrial system capable of custom multimedia applications for simulations.[31]

Technical specifications


The M2 gamepad was to have six buttons positioned by the right thumb and two shoulder buttons, much like the standard Sega Saturn gamepad, and a D-pad surrounded by a rotating analog wheel.[23]


In late 1995 four M2 games in development had been shown to the public: ClayFighter III, Descent, Ironblood (later released for the PlayStation as Iron & Blood: Warriors of Ravenloft), and an untitled racing game by Studio 3DO (presumably IMSA Racing).[21] A fifth game, D2 (a sequel to D), was previewed early the following year.[35] Studio 3DO also claimed to be working on a version of BattleSport for M2.[24] Other confirmed M2 projects include Return Fire 2;[13] Power Crystal, an RPG by British developer Perceptions;[36] a rail shooter developed by Genki;[37] and NFLPA Superstars, a 6v6 backyard football game by Condor (later renamed Blizzard North), whose budget of nearly $1m helped the company financially during the development of Diablo.[38] A game based on the film Escape from L.A. was announced in 1996,[39] but may not have entered development.

In 1996, a Top Gun game was in development by Spectrum Holobyte but was never released.[40][41][42][43]

Capcom and Konami were both later confirmed to be licensed M2 developers.[44]

Ultra Game Players magazine reported in its July 1997 issue that, according to a former 3DO employee, nearly 80 games were in development for the M2.[45]

In 2010 the only completed M2 game, IMSA Racing, was made available to the public.[26]

In January of 2020, a compilation demo disc was released by the YouTube channel “Video Game Esoterica”.[46] The disc contains twelve diverse demos from the development period of M2 and includes the only known playable files of the M2 version of D2.

Konami arcade games based on M2


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  3. ^ "Overseas Readers Column - Konami To Develop Coin-Op Videos Using 64-bit "M2"". Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 513. Amusement Press, Inc. 1 March 1996. p. 30.
  4. ^ Webb, Marcus (May 1996). "Konami, Matsushita Plan 64-Bit Home and Arcade Sister Systems". Next Generation. No. 17. Imagine Media. p. 26.
  5. ^ "Planetweb and Panasonic to Bring the Internet to the Interactive Kiosk Marketplace; Panasonic Internet-enabled M2 Interactive Kiosks to Preview at KioskCom 2000". Business Wire. 2000-04-10. Retrieved 2008-03-16.
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Further reading