This article or section should specify the language of its non-English content, using ((lang)), ((transliteration)) for transliterated languages, and ((IPA)) for phonetic transcriptions, with an appropriate ISO 639 code. Wikipedia's multilingual support templates may also be used. See why. (July 2021)
Papuan Gulf
(proposed)
Geographic
distribution
Papuan Gulf, southern Papua New Guinea
Subdivisions
GlottologNone
Papuan Gulf languages.svg
Map: The Papuan Gulf languages of New Guinea
  The Papuan Gulf languages
  Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages
  Uninhabited

The Papuan Gulf languages are a proposed language family of Papuan languages spoken inland from the large gulf that defines the shape of southern Papua New Guinea.[1]

Languages

Lexical comparison

The lexical data below is from the Trans-New Guinea database[2] and Usher (2020),[3] unless noted otherwise. Neighboring languages not traditionally classified within Papuan Gulf are also included for comparison.

Body parts
family language head hair ear eye nose tooth tongue leg blood bone skin breast
Trans-New Guinea Proto-Trans-New Guinea *kobutu; *kV(mb,p)utu; *mUtUna; *mVtVna *iti; *(nd,s)umu(n,t)[V]; *zumun *ka(nd,t)(i,e)C; *kat(i,e)C; *tVmV(d) *g(a,u)mu; *ŋg(a,u)mu; *(ŋg,k)iti [maŋgV]; *nVpV *mundu; *mutu *magata; *maŋgat[a]; *titi *balaŋ; *mbilaŋ; *me(l,n)e; *me(n,l)e *kani(n); *k(a,o)ond(a,o)C; *kitu *ke(ñj,s)a; *kesa *kondaC; *kwata(l,n) *gatapu; *(ŋg,k)a(nd,t)apu *amu
Kamula Kamula dokupala; tɔkɔnʌlʌ kokosasi; kɔkɔsʌse molo; mɔlɔ inʌma; inoma mu; mũ ɛpe te; tɛ ɛtɛ; hetei umali; umʌ:li ɛľu; ɛro kapala; kʌpʌlʌ mɛmɛ
Dibiyaso Dibiyaso bisikoki; bisikɔki; dagata; dapokala bisikaka; bisi kaka kosoropa; kosořopa; kɔsɔrɔpa usa deimu; demu beserepa; beseřepa metata; mɛtɛtʌ; mɛtɛta tupa balipa; baripa; memere ki baua bu; burukopa
Doso-Turumsa Doso abaki abuluso apu usa bulu da ithi sʌřei omani khi bʌli toka
Tabo Tabo wato hinibó; hinibɔ galo ba ͥdi; baidi dopo; dɔ:pɔ lalo; lolo mɛlpila; merapira nato hawi; haᵘwi goha; goha: tama nono
Porome Porome[4] kikimi kikimikuro obokera ipiri urubi koropi beri warakero eimuro
Turama-Kikori Proto-Rumu-Omati[3] *mab *b[au]t *go̝ *isĩ *ju *magu *tãᵋ *tab *sõ̝
Teberan Proto-Dadibi-Folopa[3] *tobo *ni[g]i *[w]odzo *ge[…] *gun… *kamina *di[l/r]i *wadz[i/e] *ame
Pawaia Pawaia mu muse; sị nȩᶦ; nɛ̣i to; toᵘ ho; họ su ha̧pi; hɛmina hɛ; si̧ʔi̧ sɛni; su̧ džɛmɛ; yɛmi hɛʔȩ; hɛi ɛmi
Purari Purari uku kimari keporo inamu pina niʔiri anae ari aro laʔaro kape ame
Kaki Ae Kaki Ae aro uʔumo oʔi ere noʔi huʔu anara fera ivare uki ame
Nature
family language louse dog pig bird egg tree sun moon water fire stone path
Trans-New Guinea Proto-Trans-New Guinea *niman *n(e,i); *n(e)i; *n[e]i; *yak; *yaka[i]; *yanem *maŋgV; *munaka; *mun(a,u)ka *ida; *inda ~ *iñja *kamali; *kamuli; *ketana *kal(a,i)m; *kamali; *takVn; *takVn[V] *nok; *(n)ok; *ok(u); *ok[V] *inda; *k(a,e)dap; *k(a,e)(n,d)ap; *kambu; *k(a,o)nd(a,u)p *kamb(a,u)na; *(na)muna; *[na]muna
Kamula Kamula iyʌ; iya ɛsemala; esemʌlʌ ʌľiʌ tea temoko; temɔkɔ dali; tʌli sali; sʌľi mama; mʌmʌ yu deľʌpʌ; dřaƀa ewʌľʌ; yawařa api
Dibiyaso Dibiyaso pe sapo apo meta; mɛta kwapa; motakapa besa; bosa male; nane iliɛpɛ; irepe daia; daiya betate; darau; dařau kaɔ; kɔ iti
Doso-Turumsa Doso amu khasa nɛna sɩkĩ wõnõ gu khikha ři umu dɩki
Tabo Tabo tamani gaha hola; hola: kikipo ke'ha; kɛha kadepa; kadɛpa manome; manomi bea koe; kue: -nadi; naki gabo
Porome Porome kumi bobi kumi kubi eri ipiro omeri tero ubi erei kumapi meri
Turama-Kikori Proto-Rumu-Omati *gutɔm *gas *gɔ[u]n *gaᵋ *d[ɔ]um *i *ɛsɔa *wẽ̝ *i *dɛⁱ
Teberan Proto-Dadibi-Folopa *j[o]wi *kibu *ba *ge *ni *s[u]g[a] *wẽi *si[a] *tũ
Pawaia Pawaia po; poř hạ; hɛ̧ ya deř; ge ge džu; yo i̧; in ol; olsuɛ; sia we; wɛ sa sia tobu; topu sụ
Purari Purari kaeriʔi oroko nako munu iri lare ia ere iau rore
Kaki Ae Kaki Ae saruta evera mini mini umu oproro lare fuiya haime aiyeʔi ere
Miscellaneous
family language man woman name eat one two
Trans-New Guinea Proto-Trans-New Guinea *abV; *ambi *panV; *pan(V) *ibi; *imbi; *wani *na; *na- *ta(l,t)(a,e)
Kamula Kamula ɔpɔlʌimi; opřami eya; ɛ̃yã hi dampřoma; tʌɛdɔma hatropɛ; hʌtɔlɔp dapiamɛtɛ; depiʌmɛtɛ
Dibiyaso Dibiyaso sau tawa͗e; tawoi; tawɔi yo na- makate ařapa
Doso-Turumsa Doso haimo dobo samu nane
Tabo Tabo dubu; tubu kamena mahiro; mahiřo hɛna; nɛ:na kapia nete'ewa
Porome Porome moia eria
Turama-Kikori Proto-Rumu-Omati *e̝ne̝ne̝n *t[aⁱ/aᵋ]
Teberan Proto-Dadibi-Folopa *so *nV- *me
Pawaia Pawaia džʌʔla; yala oi; u hɛʔɛpi; hopi hatisụɛ; ti haʔayɛ pɛʔɛmi; pomi naʔau; nau
Purari Purari vake aʔe noe navai monou leʔeo
Kaki Ae Kaki Ae aru aʔu iru muake okiao uʔungka

References

  1. ^ NewGuineaWord Papuan Gulf
  2. ^ Greenhill, Simon (2016). "TransNewGuinea.org - database of the languages of New Guinea". Retrieved 2020-11-05.
  3. ^ a b c Usher, Timothy (2020). "New Guinea World". Retrieved 2020-12-31.
  4. ^ Petterson, Robert. 2010. Porome Daporo Avea Buka = Porome Language Picture Dictionary. Ukarumpa: SIL-PNG.

Further reading