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Paris, Illinois
Edgar County Courthouse in Paris
Location of Paris in Edgar County, Illinois.
Location of Paris in Edgar County, Illinois.
Paris, Illinois is located in Edgar County, Illinois
Paris, Illinois
Paris, Illinois
Paris's location in Edgar County
Coordinates: 39°36′40″N 87°41′46″W / 39.61111°N 87.69611°W / 39.61111; -87.69611Coordinates: 39°36′40″N 87°41′46″W / 39.61111°N 87.69611°W / 39.61111; -87.69611
Country United States
State Illinois
CountyEdgar
TownshipParis, Symmes
Area
 • Total6.06 sq mi (15.70 km2)
 • Land5.68 sq mi (14.71 km2)
 • Water0.38 sq mi (0.99 km2)
Elevation
722 ft (220 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,291
 • Density1,459.94/sq mi (563.69/km2)
ZIP code
61944
Area code217
FIPS code17-57628
Websiteparisillinois.org

Paris is a city in Edgar County, Illinois, 165 miles (266 km) south of Chicago and 90 miles (140 km) west of Indianapolis. The population was 8,291 at the 2020 census. It is the county seat and largest city of Edgar County.[2]

History

Paris was established in 1826 on land donated by Samuel Vance to be the county seat, and was incorporated as a village in 1849. The town most likely received its name from the word "Paris" carved into a jack-oak tree in the middle of what became the town.[3]

Paris's history includes the service of two brothers, Walter Booth and Newton Booth, as its mayors in the mid-1850s. Newton Booth later moved west to California, where he served as governor and a U.S. senator.

The commission form of government was adopted in 1915. In 1907, L. A. G. Shoaff bought the Centralia White Stockings and renamed them the Paris Colts. In 1908 the team was renamed the Paris Parisians. After the 1908 season the team went under. In the 1950s Paris was home to a minor-league baseball team named the Paris Lakers. A contest was held among the community to decide on a name for the team. James C. Dickey's submission, the Paris Lakers, was chosen. The Lakers were the 1956 Midwest League Champions and were affiliate of the Chicago Cubs.[4]

Geography

Paris is located at 39°36′47″N 87°41′38″W / 39.61306°N 87.69389°W / 39.61306; -87.69389 (39.613014, -87.693829).[5]

U.S. Route 150 and Illinois State Route 1 pass through Paris. Both Illinois State Route 16 and Illinois State Route 133 have Illinois State Route 1 as their eastern terminus. One railroad passes through town, a CSX Transportation line that goes north to Danville and southeast to Terre Haute, Indiana.

According to the 2021 census gazetteer files, Paris has a total area of 6.06 square miles (15.70 km2), of which 5.68 square miles (14.71 km2) (or 93.70%) is land and 0.38 square miles (0.98 km2) (or 6.30%) is water.[6]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,930
18703,05758.4%
18804,37343.0%
18904,99614.2%
19006,10522.2%
19107,66425.5%
19207,9854.2%
19308,78110.0%
19409,2815.7%
19509,4601.9%
19609,8233.8%
19709,9711.5%
19809,885−0.9%
19908,987−9.1%
20009,0771.0%
20108,837−2.6%
20208,291−6.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the 2020 census[8] there were 8,291 people, 4,137 households, and 2,576 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,368.15 inhabitants per square mile (528.25/km2). There were 4,185 housing units at an average density of 690.59 per square mile (266.64/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.12% White, 0.54% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.81% from other races, and 2.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.81% of the population.

There were 4,137 households, out of which 34.47% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.00% were married couples living together, 14.48% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.73% were non-families. 32.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.69% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.03.

The city's age distribution consisted of 18.4% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,446, and the median income for a family was $49,612. Males had a median income of $38,295 versus $25,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,984. About 12.1% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.9% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Paris has two public school districts: Paris Union School District 95 (for those living inside city limits) and Paris Community Unit School District No. 4 (for those outside the city limits). Those in District 95 send their children to Mayo Middle School, while Unit 4 children attend Crestwood School. Both schools feed into one high school, Paris High School, which until 2009 was under District 95. On July 1, 2009, the renamed Paris Cooperative High School became Illinois's first cooperative high school.[9] The high school celebrated its 100-year anniversary in 2009.[10]

Paris Cooperative High School's mascot is the tiger and its colors are orange and black.

Paris is also the home of Saint Mary's School, a Catholic school serving preschool through 8th grade open to children of all religions. St. Mary's is the only tuition-based private school in Paris.

Fire districts

Paris Community Fire Protection District - This district has five stations, including Paris, which is a full-time paid department. The others are Vermilion, Oliver, Grandview, and Redmon, which are all volunteer departments.

Climate

Climate is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).[11]

Climate data for Paris, Illinois (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1893–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
(22)
75
(24)
88
(31)
92
(33)
99
(37)
106
(41)
109
(43)
107
(42)
105
(41)
93
(34)
83
(28)
73
(23)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 34.0
(1.1)
38.8
(3.8)
49.9
(9.9)
62.8
(17.1)
73.0
(22.8)
81.6
(27.6)
84.4
(29.1)
83.0
(28.3)
77.7
(25.4)
65.5
(18.6)
50.8
(10.4)
38.8
(3.8)
61.7
(16.5)
Daily mean °F (°C) 25.3
(−3.7)
29.3
(−1.5)
39.5
(4.2)
51.4
(10.8)
62.1
(16.7)
71.2
(21.8)
74.1
(23.4)
72.3
(22.4)
65.8
(18.8)
54.1
(12.3)
41.0
(5.0)
30.6
(−0.8)
51.4
(10.8)
Average low °F (°C) 16.6
(−8.6)
19.9
(−6.7)
29.1
(−1.6)
40.0
(4.4)
51.2
(10.7)
60.7
(15.9)
63.8
(17.7)
61.7
(16.5)
53.8
(12.1)
42.6
(5.9)
31.2
(−0.4)
22.5
(−5.3)
41.1
(5.1)
Record low °F (°C) −23
(−31)
−21
(−29)
−8
(−22)
17
(−8)
27
(−3)
33
(1)
45
(7)
39
(4)
24
(−4)
15
(−9)
−6
(−21)
−22
(−30)
−23
(−31)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.81
(71)
2.33
(59)
3.00
(76)
4.94
(125)
4.17
(106)
5.02
(128)
3.83
(97)
3.57
(91)
2.94
(75)
3.62
(92)
3.66
(93)
2.85
(72)
42.74
(1,086)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 8.6
(22)
3.6
(9.1)
2.0
(5.1)
0.3
(0.76)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.6
(1.5)
4.0
(10)
19.1
(49)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.7 8.8 9.8 11.2 12.0 9.6 8.5 7.6 6.8 8.7 9.1 9.8 111.6
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.5 3.4 1.4 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 2.4 12.6
Source: NOAA[12][13]

Notable people

Sports teams

See also

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "City of Paris". Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  4. ^ http://mwlguide.com/years/1956/
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ Bureau, US Census. "Gazetteer Files". Census.gov. Retrieved 2022-06-29.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-06-28.
  9. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-14. Retrieved 2009-09-29.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "PHS 100 year Anniversary Celebration". Archived from the original on 2009-01-15. Retrieved 2009-01-26.
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Paris, Illinois
  12. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 21, 2021.
  13. ^ "Station: Paris STP, IL". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 21, 2021.
  14. ^ Zellers, Elizabeth. "Lionel F. Artis Papers, 1933-1967" (PDF). Indiana Historical Society. Retrieved 20 November 2019.