Parliament of South Ossetia
Парламент Южной Осетии
Хуссар Ирыстоны Парламент
Alan Alborov, Nykhaz
since 15 September 2022
The Parliament of South Ossetia is the unicameral legislature of the partially recognized Republic of South Ossetia. The 34 members of parliament are elected using a mixed system of Party-list proportional representation (17) and single-member districts (17). South Ossetia has a multi-party system, and currently 5 political parties are represented in parliament and has 6 independent MPs elected through single-member districts. The parliament is headed by a speaker, who is elected from among the members. Since 15 september 2022 the speaker of parliament is Alan Alborov, one of the four deputees of the Nykhaz party of president Alan Gagloev, after Alan Tadtaev of United Ossetia was forced to resign.
The parliament of South Ossetia meets in the capital Tskhinvali. The parliament building, built in 1937, was heavily damaged in the 2008 South Ossetia war.
Main article: 2019 South Ossetian parliamentary election
34 seats in the Parliament
18 seats needed for a majority
Parliamentary elections were held in South Ossetia on 9 June 2019.
The ruling United Ossetia party lost its majority in parliament. Only three other elected members guaranteed their support if United Ossetia was to form a government, leaving it one seat short of a majority.
Main article: List of Speakers of the Parliament of South Ossetia
Until 27 November 1996, the speaker (or "chairman") of the parliament was also Head of State.
Parliament speaker Anatoly Bibilov, whose Yedinaya Osetiya (One Ossetia) party controls 20 seats in the 34 parliament elected in June 2014, advocated a far closer degree of "integration" with Russia than de facto President Leonid Tibilov and other political parties were apparently prepared to condone.