Parliament of the Republic of Moldova

Romanian: Parlamentul Republicii Moldova
10th legislature
Type
Type
History
FoundedApril 1990[1]
Preceded bySupreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR
Leadership
Vacant
since 28 April 2021
Structure
Seats101
Political groups
  •   PSRM (37)
  •   PAS (15)
  •   PDM (11)
  •   PPDA (11)
  •   Independents (11)
  •   ȘOR (9)
  •   Pro Moldova (7)
Length of term
4 years
Elections
Last election
24 February 2019
Next election
11 July 2021
Meeting place
Palace of the Parliament, Chişinău, Moldova
Website
www.parlament.md

The Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is the supreme representative body of the Republic of Moldova, the only state legislative authority, being a unicameral structure composed of 101 elected deputies on lists, for a period of 4 years. Parliament is elected by universal vote, equal directly, secret and freely expressed. The President of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is elected by the Parliament, with a minimum of 52 votes.

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Moldova, on a proposal of the Central Electoral Commission, decides to validate or invalidate the mandate of deputy. The mandate is invalid in the case of violation of electoral legislation. The Parliament is meeting at the convening of the Speaker of the Parliament within 30 days of the elections. Parliament's mandate is prolonged until the legal meeting of the new composition. During this period the Constitution cannot be amended and organic laws cannot be adopted, amended or abrogated.[2]

On the 28th of April 2021, the President of the Republic of Moldova Maia Sandu dissolved the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova as the Constitutional Court ruled it valid.[3] Parliamentary elections are scheduled to take place on 11th July 2021. [4]

Apparatus

The Parliament staff ensures an organizational, informational and technological assistance to activity of the Parliament, the Standing Bureau, standing committees, parliamentary factions and of deputies. The structure and the personal record of the parliament staff are approved by the Parliament.

Legislative procedure

According to the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the Parliament is the supreme representative organ and the single legislative authority of the state. The right of legislative initiative belongs to the Members of Parliament, to the Speaker (excepting proposals to revise the Constitution) and to the Government. In exercise of this right MPs and the President of the state present to Parliament draft papers and legislative proposals, while the Government presents draft papers.

Parliamentary factions

In order to form the working bodies and to organize the activity of the parliament, deputies form parliamentary factions composed of at least 5 deputies elected on the basis of lists of electoral contestants, as well as parliamentary factions with the same numerical composition as independent deputies. The parliamentary factions are constituted within 10 days after the legal constitution of the parliament. The 101 deputies elected on February 24, 2019 voting constituted 4 parliamentary factions:[5]

Political Group Party Chair Faction Leader MPs
  Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM) Igor Dodon Corneliu Furculiță 37
  Party of Action and Solidarity (PAS) Igor Grosu (acting) Igor Grosu 15
  Democratic Party of Moldova (DPM) Pavel Filip Dumitru Diacov 11
  Dignity and Truth Platform Party (DTPP) Andrei Năstase Alexandru Slusari 11
  Independent 11
  Șor Party (ȘP) Ilan Șor 9
  Pro Moldova (PROM) Andrian Candu 7

Election results

Main article: Elections in Moldova

Structure of former legislatures

Moldovan Parliament 1994–1998

28 56 11 9
SPM ADPM BȚI AFPCD

Moldovan Parliament 1998–2001

40 24 11 26
PCRM DPM DFP CDM

Moldovan Parliament 2001–2005

71 19 11
PCRM BA PCDP

Moldovan Parliament 2005–2009

56 12 22 11
PCRM DPM + SLP OMA PCDP

Moldovan Parliament April–July 2009

60 11 15 15
PCRM OMA LDPM LP

Moldovan Parliament 2009–2010

48 13 7 18 15
PCRM DPM OMA LDPM LP

Moldovan Parliament 2010–2014

42 15 32 12
PCRM DPM LDPM LP

Moldovan Parliament 2014–2019

25 21 19 23 13
PSRM PCRM DPM LDPM LP

Moldovan Parliament 2019–present

37 26 11 11 9 7
PSRM ACUM DPM Ind. ȘP Pro M.

Parliamentary committees

Permanent Bureau

Presidents of the Parliament of Moldova

Main article: President of the Moldovan Parliament

Parliament Building

The Parliament Building was formerly the meeting place of the Central Committee of the Moldovan branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and was built between 1976 and 1979. It is located on Stephen the Great Boulevard formerly known as Lenin Boulevard. The architects were Alexander Cerdanțev and Grigore Bosenco. The building was damaged during civil unrest in 2009[6] and repairs were carried out in 2012 and 2013. Parliament moved back into the restored building in February 2014.[7]

Sources

  1. ^ https://iacis.ru/eng/parliaments/parlamenty_uchastniki/respublika_moldova/
  2. ^ Constitution of Moldova, art. 63, pag. 16.
  3. ^ "Moldovan leader dissolves parliament, sets July elections". France 24. 2021-04-28. Retrieved 2021-05-01.
  4. ^ "Moldova's president calls early election for July 11". AP NEWS. Retrieved 2021-05-01.
  5. ^ Structura Parlamentului > Fracțiunile parlamentare
  6. ^ "De ce rămân în praf şi beznă clădirile Parlamentului şi Preşedinţiei". Timpul – Ştiri din Moldova.
  7. ^ "allmoldova". Archived from the original on 2014-01-02.