Armpits, backs, breasts, buttocks, navels, hair, hands, feet, legs, and lips are common partialisms.
Armpits, backs, breasts, buttocks, navels, hair, hands, feet, legs, and lips are common partialisms.

Partialism is sexual fetish with an exclusive focus on a specific part of the body other than genitals.[1][2][3] Partialism is categorized as a fetishistic disorder in the DSM-5 of the American Psychiatric Association only if it causes significant psychosocial distress for the person or has detrimental effects on important areas of their life. In the DSM-IV, it was considered a separate paraphilia (not otherwise specified), but was merged into fetishistic disorder by the DSM-5.[1] Individuals who exhibit partialism sometimes describe the anatomy of interest to them as having equal or greater erotic attraction for them as do the genitals.[4]

Partialism occurs in heterosexual, bisexual, and homosexual individuals.[5][6] Foot fetishism is considered one of the most common partialisms.[7][8]


The following are some of the partialisms commonly found among people:[2][7][9][10][11]

Formal name Common name Source of arousal
Podophilia Foot fetish Foot
Oculophilia Eye fetish Eye
Maschalagnia Armpit fetish Armpit
Retrophilia Back/dorsum fetish Back
Mazophilia Breast fetish Breasts
Pygophilia Buttocks fetish Buttocks
Nasophilia Nose fetish Nose
Trichophilia Hair fetish Hair
Alvinophilia Navel/belly button fetish Navel
Alvinolagnia Belly/stomach fetish Belly
Cheirophilia Hand fetish Hand
Crurophilia Leg fetish Leg
Orisophilia Lip fetish Lip
Buccalagnia Cheek fetish Facial Cheek
Erogonophilia Dimple fetish Dimple

See also


  1. ^ a b American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders American Psychiatric Association (5th ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing. pp. 700–701. ISBN 978-0890425558.
  2. ^ a b Edlin, Gordon; Golanty, Eric (2011). Human Sexuality: The Basics. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. ISBN 9780763736521. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  3. ^ Milner, J. S., & Dopke, C. A. (1997). Paraphilia Not Otherwise Specified: Psychopathology and theory. In D. R. Laws and W. O'Donohue (Eds.), Sexual deviance: Theory, assessment, and treatment. New York: Guilford.
  4. ^ Kunjukrishnan, R., Pawlak, A., & Varan, L R. (1988). The clinical and forensic psychiatric issues of retifism. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 33, 819–825.
  5. ^ Weinberg, M. S., Williams, C. J., & Calhan, C. (1994). Homosexual foot fetishism. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 23, 611–626.
  6. ^ Weinberg, M. S., Williams, C. J., & Calhan, C. (1995). "If the shoe fits...": Exploring male homosexual foot fetishism. The Journal of Sex Research, 32, 17–27.
  7. ^ a b "Exploring those secret turn-ons - Get your freak on!". 31 May 2008. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  8. ^ Bering, Jesse. "Partial for Protuberant: The Man Who Was Into 'Outies'". Scientific American. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  9. ^ Salassidis, Maria T. (21 December 2011). "Specific Body Part Fetish". dating chicago suburbs. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012.
  10. ^ "ShoePlay Research". Legs and Heels (message board). 5 May 2004. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  11. ^ Aggrawal, Anil (2009). Forensic and medico-legal aspects of sexual crimes and unusual sexual practices. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. p. 121. ISBN 978-1420043099. Retrieved 6 July 2014.