Party for Democracy
Partido por la Democracia
LeaderNatalia Piergentili
Secretary-GeneralJosé Toro Kemp
Chief of SenatorsGuido Girardi
Chief of DeputiesJorge Tarud
Founded15 December 1987; 34 years ago (1987-12-15)
HeadquartersSanto Domingo 1828
Santiago
Youth wingJuventud PPD
Membership (2017)30,691 (6th)[1]
IdeologySocial democracy[2]
Third Way[3]
Progressivism
Political positionCentre-left[4][5]
National affiliationDemocratic Socialism
New Social Pact (2021)
Constituent Unity (2020 to 2021)
Regional affiliationCOPPPAL
International affiliationProgressive Alliance
Socialist International[6]
Colours      Blue, Yellow and Red
Chamber of Deputies
7 / 155
Senate
7 / 38
Regional Councillors
30 / 278
Mayors
37 / 345
Communal Councillors
269 / 2,130
Website
www.ppd.cl

The Party for Democracy (Spanish: Partido por la Democracia, PPD), also known as For Democracy (Spanish: Por la Democracia) is a centre-left political party in Chile. It states to stand in the traditions of liberal progressivism.[7][better source needed] It was founded in December 1987 by Ricardo Lagos, who aimed at forming a legal social-democratic party, as the Socialist Party of Chile (PS) remained illegal at the time. The PPD continued to function after the defeat of Pinochet. Until 1997, double membership of PPD and the PS was allowed.

The party nominated, as part of the Concertación (Coalition of Parties for Democracy), in the 1999/2000 presidential elections, Ricardo Lagos Escobar, the main leader of the party. He would later win 48.0% of the vote in the first round and was ultimately elected with 51.3% in the second round. At the 2001 legislative election, the party ran as part of the Coalition of Parties for Democracy and won 20 out of 120 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 3 out of 38 elected seats in the Senate. This changed at the 2005 elections to 21 and 3. In the 2009 elections, it won 18 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 4 in the Senate.

Ideology

In the first few years of the party, it had difficulty establishing a well-defined ideology, due to the political diversity of its founders, who ranged from communist militants to members of the National Party. Eventually it converged on a combination of social democracy and social liberalism (called progressive liberalism in the early years of the party). Currently, according to its "Declaration of Principles," the PPD describes itself as "a left[ist] political party, democratic, progressive and [in favor of] parity".[7]

In 2007, a large part of the party's social-liberal wing broke off to form ChilePrimero, which would eventually become the Liberal Party.

History

The Party for Democracy (PPD) was founded on 15 December 1987 as an instrumental political organization whose primary objective was to finish with the military regime and achieve again democracy in Chile by peaceful, political means, taking advantage of the opportunity to mobilize the Chileans who represented the plebiscite by means of which the dictator Augusto Pinochet sought to extend its mandate.

Its founder, Ricardo Lagos, later President of Chile (2000-2006), said in the ceremony of constitution of the party that the only requirements to integrate the ranks of the PPD were: "to be against the institutional system of the regime of the dictator Pinochet because it does not lead to democracy, and in addition want to defeat it by political means".

People were admitted to the party of various ideologies including socialism, radicalism, social democrats, liberal progressives, left-wing Christians, Mapucists, communists, and young people up to the national student movement of the 1980s opponents of Augusto Pinochet, among them the Movement G-80.

The PPD worked actively to achieve the triumph of the "No" option in the 1988 plebiscite that he brought back the free elections to the country. Participated in the formation of the Concertación, political alliance that has dominated the Chilean government since the end of the military government until 2010, when Sebastián Piñera representing the Coalition for change came to power.

Election results

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (December 2021)

Due to its membership in the Concert of Parties for Democracy, the party has endorsed the candidates of other parties on several occasions, as well as due to the fact that presidential elections in Chile are held using a two-round system.

Presidential elections

Elections for the President of Chile
Date Candidate Party Round I Round II Result
% %
1989 Patricio Aylwin PDC 55.2 victory
1993 Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle PDC 58.0 victory
1999 Ricardo Lagos PPD 48.0 51.3 victory
2005 Michelle Bachelet PS 46.0 53.5 victory
2009 Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle PDC 29.6 48.4 defeat
2013 Michelle Bachelet PS 46.7 62.2 victory
2017 Alejandro Guillier Ind. 22.7 45.4 defeat
2021 Yasna Provoste PDC 11.6 defeat

See also

References

  1. ^ TOTAL AFILIADOS ACTUALIZADOS POR PARTIDOS POLITICOS - 15 de abril de 2017
  2. ^ "Is Social Democracy Possible in Latin America?". Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  3. ^ Krauss, Clifford. "Man in the News: Ricardo Lagos Escobar; A Chilean Socialist in the Clinton-Blair Mold". Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  4. ^ http://historiapolitica.bcn.cl/partidos_politicos/wiki/Partido_Por_la_Democracia History of the Political Parties - National Congress Library of Chile
  5. ^ Paul W. Posner (2009). "Local Democracy and Popular Participation in Chile and Brazil". In Patricia Silvia; Herwig Cleuren (eds.). Widening Democracy: Citizens and Participatory Schemes in Brazil and Chile. BRILL. p. 59. ISBN 978-90-474-3189-3.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-29. Retrieved 2015-04-16.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ a b Party for Democracy. Declaration of Principles (1993), p. 6. ""The PPD is a progressive party, where you find the tradition of the democratic socialism and the liberal progressivism, by what you feel to own their historic struggles for democracy and social justice in Chile and in the world. "