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Peshawar film industry
Pashto cinema
Shop selling Pashto language films
Shop selling Pashto language films

Pashto cinema (Pashto: د پښتو سينما‎), also known by its sobriquet Pollywood (Pashto: پالېوډ‎), refers to the Pashto-language film industry of Pakistani cinema based in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.[1]

==Origins==Pashto films are widely shown in Pakistan and Afghanistan.[3] The first Pashto film was Laila Majnoon, released in 1942. It was shown in Peshawar, Quetta, Calcutta (now India). The director of the film was Mir Hamza Shinwari, while its composer was Abdul Karim. The heroine of Laila Majnoon was Harry Jay and the hero was Rafiqe Ghaznawi. The second Pashto film was made in 1960 and its story was a translation of an Urdu film, Nai Kiran (new ray). The dialogues of the film were written by Mir Hamza Shinwari. It was displayed at Novelty cinema, Peshawar. Pashto's 3rd film was the 1963 Tiga, also made by Mir Hamza Shinwari. The hero of the film was Umer Daraz, while Ludeel was the cameraman of the film. Then in 1968 another film Yakka Yousaf Khan was released. The heroine of the film was Ghazali while the hero was Rab Nawaz. This film was inaugurated by Urdu film star, Rangila.

Yousuf Khan Sher Bano was not the first-ever Pashto film produced in Pakistan and released in theaters on 1 December 1970.[2] It was directed by Aziz Tabassum, with debut stars Yasmin Khan and Badar Munir. The story is based on the Pashto folk story Yousuf Khan and Sher Bano and completed 50 weeks at number 1 in Peshawar.


In 2015, Sanober Qaiser's film Sartez Badmash[3] was released at two cinemas in Kabul and Pakhtun Pay Dubai was released in Dubai as well as Kabul.[3] In 2013, the first high definition Pashto film Zama Arman was released. After 35 years, in 2015 the Pashto film industry released seven new movies, thus breaking all previous records of film production. All films were screened at the cinemas in Peshawar, Mingora, Mardan, Kohat and even in a few theatres of Karachi city. The movies released were Ma Cheera Gharib Sara, Sar-Teza Badmash, Daagh, Mayeen kho Lewani vee, Khanadani Badmash, Pukhtoon pa Dubai ke[4] and I Love You too.[4] Shama cinema in Peshawar is popular.[5] Reham Khan's movie Janaan has won awards for its screenplay.[6] Naz cinema was first to provide 3D digital movie experience at Peshawar.[7][8]


Main article: List of Pashto-language films


  1. ^ "Bombs, boredom threaten Pakistan's "Pashto" song-and-dance cinema". Dawn. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  2. ^ "Pakistan Film History". Pakistan Film Magazine. Archived from the original on 21 April 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2010. This inaugural Pashto film completed more than 50 weeks in one cinema of Peshawar
  3. ^ a b Lodhi, Adnan (21 July 2015). "Pakistani Pashto film makes a mark in Kabul". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Release of seven new Pashto films this Eid". The Express Tribune. 17 July 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  5. ^ Today, Pakistan (10 July 2015). "Cinema targeted by militants reopens after a year". Pakistan Today. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  6. ^ Desk, Entertainment (23 July 2015). "Cinema's new darling: Armeena Khan says Bin Roye is a giant leap for Pakistan". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  7. ^ Shinwari, Sher Alam (3 February 2020). "KP's first 3D theatre facility to revive cinema culture". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  8. ^ "Peshawar to get its first 3D cinema on Dec 26 | SAMAA". Samaa TV. Retrieved 5 February 2020.