A patadyong from the Sulu Archipelago, Philippines

The patadyong (pronounced pa-tad-jóng, also called patadyung, patadjong, habol, or habul), is an indigenous Philippine rectangular or tube-like wraparound skirt worn by both men and women of the Visayas islands and the Sulu Archipelago, similar to the Malong, or Sarong. It was also historically worn in parts of Luzon like Pampanga and Sorsogon.[1][2][3][4]

In the precolonial era, it was usually worn with a barú or bayú, a simple collar-less shirt or jacket with close-fitting long sleeves.[2][5] During the Spanish period, this evolved into the kimona, a variant of the baro't saya worn by Christianized Visayan lowlanders consisting of a loose translucent blouse, an undershirt, and a patadyong or a patadyong-patterned skirt.[6][7]

The patadyong is identical to the malong used in mainland Mindanao, but is longer than the tapis of Luzon; it is also identical to the sarong of neighboring Indonesia, Brunei, and Malaysia, for which only the designating name changes (patadyong in Visayan languages vs. sarong in Malay language).[1] Its name means "straight [in shape]" in Visayan languages, from the root word tadlong, "[to go] straight"; its alternative name "habol" or "habul" means "woven [textile]", though it usually means "blanket" in modern Visayan.[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b Jonathan H. X. Lee; Kathleen M. Nadeau (2011). Encyclopedia of Asian American Folklore and Folklife. ABC-CLIO. pp. 347–. ISBN 978-0-313-35066-5.
  2. ^ a b c Coo, Stéphanie Marie R. (2014). Clothing and the colonial culture of appearances in nineteenth century Spanish Philippines (1820-1896) (PhD). Université Nice Sophia Antipolis.
  3. ^ Perdon, Renato (22 August 2013). "Muslim Filipinos: An Ethnic Ensemble". Munting Nayon. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  4. ^ Lorna Kaino (1995). The Necessity of Craft: Development and Women's Craft Practices in the Asian-Pacific Region. University of Western Australia Press. p. 52. ISBN 978-1-875560-62-2.
  5. ^ Joaquin, N. (1980). Language of the street and other essays. National Book Store. p. 216. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
  6. ^ "2009 Traditional Costume Show". Filipino-American Cultural Organization. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  7. ^ Tocino, Kevin (8 September 2017). "Did you know that the Kimona used to be worn by women as a casual attire?". y101fm. Retrieved 24 February 2020.