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Pathankot
Pathankot City.jpg
Ranjit Sagar Dam 1.jpg
Pathankot City, Ranjit Sagar Dam
Pathankot is located in Punjab
Pathankot
Pathankot
Location in Punjab, India
Pathankot is located in India
Pathankot
Pathankot
Pathankot (India)
Coordinates: 32°16′01″N 75°36′00″E / 32.266814°N 75.6°E / 32.266814; 75.6Coordinates: 32°16′01″N 75°36′00″E / 32.266814°N 75.6°E / 32.266814; 75.6
Country India
StatePunjab
DistrictPathankot
Government
 • BodyMunicipal Corporation
 • Deputy CommissionerSh. Sanyam Aggarwal, I A S.
Area
 • Total19.7 km2 (7.6 sq mi)
 • Rank6th
Elevation
332 m (1,089 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total249,000(approx250,000 include sub-urban)[1]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Pin Code
145001
Telephone code0186
Vehicle registrationPB-35
Websitehttps://pathankot.nic.in/

Pathankot is a city and the district headquarters of the Pathankot district in Punjab, India. Pathankot is the 6th most populous city of Punjab, after Ludhiana, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Patiala and Bathinda. Its local government is a municipal corporation.

Situated in the picturesque foothills of Kangra and Dalhousie, with the river Chakki flowing close by, the city is often used as a rest-stop before heading into the mountains of Jammu and Kashmir, Dalhousie, Chamba, Kangra, Dharamshala, Mcleodganj, Jwalaji, Chintpurni and further into the Himalayas. Pathankot also serves as an education hub for the nearby areas of Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Many rural students of these states come to Pathankot for education.

Etymology

The original name of Pathankot was Paithan during the Mughal times, which is in turn believed to be a derivative of Sanskrit Pratisthana.[2]

History

Pathankot is an ancient city and has historical significance. From various accounts; It may be believed that Audumbara was the name of it. Numerous coins of great antiquity found at Pathankot prove that it is one of the oldest sites in the Punjab (that has been divided after the partition in 1947). It must always have been a place of great significance as it is situated in the foot plains of the hills.

Coin of Dharaghosha, king of the Audumbaras, in the Indo-Greek style, circa 100 BCE.[3]Obv: Standing figure, probably of Vishvamitra, Kharoshthi legend, around: Mahadevasa Dharaghoshasa/Odumbarisa "Great Lord King Dharaghosha/Prince of Audumabara", across: Viçvamitra "Vishvamitra".Rev: Trident battle-axe, tree with railing, Brahmi legend identical in content to the obverse.[3]
Coin of Dharaghosha, king of the Audumbaras, in the Indo-Greek style, circa 100 BCE.[3]
Obv: Standing figure, probably of Vishvamitra, Kharoshthi legend, around: Mahadevasa Dharaghoshasa/Odumbarisa "Great Lord King Dharaghosha/Prince of Audumabara", across: Viçvamitra "Vishvamitra".
Rev: Trident battle-axe, tree with railing, Brahmi legend identical in content to the obverse.[3]

Pathankot was the capital of Nurpur State and its name was changed to Dhameri (Nurpur) during the Akbar reign. The Pathania clan of Rajput derived its name from Pathankot.[citation needed]

After independence

During partition, the initial plan by border demarcation committee was to place Pathankot (part of Gurdaspur district that time) into Pakistan and Shakargarh district into India. However, as a later fine tuning of decision vice versa was done i.e. Shakargarh district was given to Pakistan and Gurdaspur district (along Pathankot) was given to India.

Geography

Pathankot City
Pathankot City

Pathankot has an average elevation of 332 metres (1,089 ft). It is a green town surrounded by the Ravi and Chakki rivers. Shiwalik foothills on the south and east and snow-capped Himalayas in the back drop in north.

Average temperature

Climate data for Pathankot
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28
(82)
29
(84)
35
(95)
43
(109)
46
(115)
49
(120)
46
(115)
41
(106)
40
(104)
40
(104)
35
(95)
29
(84)
49
(120)
Average high °C (°F) 18
(64)
21
(70)
26
(79)
33
(91)
37
(99)
39
(102)
34
(93)
33
(91)
33
(91)
31
(88)
25
(77)
19
(66)
29
(84)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
11
(52)
16
(61)
22
(72)
26
(79)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28
(82)
26
(79)
21
(70)
14
(57)
9
(48)
20
(68)
Record low °C (°F) −4
(25)
0
(32)
4
(39)
10
(50)
15
(59)
19
(66)
19
(66)
20
(68)
19
(66)
9
(48)
4
(39)
−1
(30)
−4
(25)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 71
(2.8)
80
(3.1)
81
(3.2)
46
(1.8)
34
(1.3)
78
(3.1)
356
(14.0)
370
(14.6)
140
(5.5)
25
(1.0)
16
(0.6)
38
(1.5)
1,335
(52.5)
Average precipitation days 5 7 8 5 3 4 12 13 8 2 1 3 71
[citation needed]
View of Ravi river (approaching Pathankot )from Nurpur fort
View of Ravi river (approaching Pathankot )from Nurpur fort

Politics

The city is part of the Pathankot Assembly Constituency.

Facilities

Government of Pathankot had constructed 4 public toilets in 2018 but they had been opened for only 6 days so as to get good rankings in surveys. You can find them at various places where they charge you 10/- but you can avail general conveniences in a clean environment[4]

Transport

Pathankot is well connected by rail and road with the rest of the country. Pathankot is connected by a vast network of private and public-sector bus services to other cities in Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir. Important destinations include Delhi, Manali Chandigarh, Jammu, Dharamshala, Dalhousie and Amritsar. Pathankot is used as a gateway for Chamba and Kangra Valley in Himachal Pradesh and for various locations in Jammu and Kashmir like Jammu City Mansar Lake, Srinagar, Udhampur, Holy Cave at Amarnath, Patni Top and Holy Cave of Mata Vaishno Devi (Katra) 155 km away from Pathankot.

One can take an auto rickshaw or a cycle rickshaw.

Traffic management is poor in the city. No traffic lights are there in the city.[5]

By Air

Train

It has direct train links with Delhi, Jammu and other Indian cities. All trains going to Jammu pass through Pathankot Cantt Station. The important trains include Rajdhani, Swaraj Express, Pooja Express, Shri Shakti Express. Super fast trains do not enter Pathankot Station in City. The distance from Pathankot Junction & Pathankot Cant Railway station is just 4 km.

Pathankot Railway Station under A-category. Pathankot is a major railroad junction. Lines from Amritsar (2 hrs) and Delhi (8 hrs) merge here, and all services to Jammu (2 hrs) pass through. In addition to Pathankot station itself, there is a second station called Chakki Bank renamed Pathankot Cantt just 4 km away, which serves some express trains that do not stop in Pathankot station. Nowadays the majority of the Jammu trains stop only at Pathankot Cantt Railway Station[6] and not at Pathankot Railway Station.

Pathankot is also served by the narrow-gauge Kangra Valley Railway (a.k.a. Kangra Toy Train) built by the British, which crawls 128 km through stunning scenery to Joginder Nagar via Palampur and Kangra (near Dharamsala). However, the luxury Kangra Queen services were terminated in 2003, leaving about six departures daily of slow, often packed second class trains, taking over six hours. Bookings for these can only be done locally at Pathankot station. Some of these trains run to Baijnath Paprola and a few to Joginder Nagar. The main stations on this line include Kangra and Palampur, although Dalhousie and Dharmasala are not on the line. The town is the lower terminus of the Kangra Valley Railway, thereby connecting the mountainous regions of western Himachal Pradesh to the network of Indian Railways.

Bus

Maharana Pratap Inter State Bus Terminal Pathankot. It's close to the Pathankot Junction Railway station. Public buses to Dharamshala Dalhousie take 3–4 hours. while buses to Amritsar take 3 hours. Dalhousie famous destination for honeymoon couples is at just 80 km from Pathankot. The famous Hindu Pilgrimage Vaishno devi is just 160 km from Pathankot. Chandigarh is 4–5 hours away. It is well connected with bus services from Punjab roadways, Haryana Roadways, Himachal Roadways J&K transport, and private AC volvo buses.

One can stop over in Pathankot en route to Gurdaspur(35 km), Mukerian (40), Joginder Nagar (149 km), Dharamshala (88 km), Dalhousie (100 km), Amritsar (108), Palampur (112 km), Chamba (100 km) & Jammu (100 km), Hoshiarpur (100 km), Kangra (86 km), Jalandhar (108 km), Srinagar (400 km) all in different directions from Pathankot via Jalandhar-Srinagar National highway (NH-44), Dabwali-Pathankot National highway (NH-54) and Pathankot-Mandi National highway (NH-154).

Economy

Pathankot is a commercial center. Wholesellers and distributors of consumer goods cater to Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir and northwest Punjab.

Demographics

As per data of 2011 census Pathankot urban agglomeration had a population of 159,909, out of which males were 84,145 and females were 75,764. The literacy rate was 88.71 per cent.[7]

Religion in Pathankot City[8]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
58.89%
Sikhism
38.05%
Christianity
1.73%
Islam
0.38%
Others
0.95%

Most common language here is Punjabi.

Sports

On 8 November 2014, Punjab Deputy CM Sukhbir Singh Badal laid the foundation stone for a stadium in Pathankot. But even after 6 years, the stadium is still incomplete. Sportspeople struggle to get any facilities in Pathankot. There are no proper grounds to practice. So they go to other cities, while most of the young population pursue other careers.[9]

Tourist places

Pathankot city is surrounded by both the Shivalik range, part of which makes up the foothills of the Himalayas, and the river Chakki. Places near Pathankot include Shahpur Kandi with a hanging rest house, Ranjit Sagar Dam which is the highest gravity dam in Asia. Madhopur (Madhopur, Punjab) head works which date back to the Mughal era. head works of Upper Bari Doab, Shahpur Kandi are the attractions of this area. Keshopur Chhamb is home to many Migratory Birds and is only major natural wetland in the state.

The Union Ministry for Forests, Environment and Climate Change has given the long-awaited signal to develop the twin islands of Kalara and Palangi, located in the midst of the Ranjit Sagar Dam Lake, as world class tourist spots.[10]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ https://censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=30047[dead link]
  2. ^ History, Pathankot District, Government of Punjab, retrieved 6 February 2022.
  3. ^ a b Ancient India, from the earliest times to the first century, A.D by Rapson, E. J. p.154 [1]
  4. ^ "14-03-2021 : Pathankot Bhaskar ePaper: Read Pathankot Bhaskar Local Hindi Newspaper Online,Page 1".
  5. ^ https://www.bhaskar.com/punjab/pathankot/news/sign-boards-in-38-places-in-the-city-no-white-and-yellow-lines-in-32-places-traffic-lights-have-been-closed-for-many-years-not-even-zebra-crossing-080059-6392561.html[bare URL]
  6. ^ "PTKC/Pathankot Cantt (3 PFs) Railway Station - Train Departure Timings - India Rail Info".
  7. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  8. ^ "Pathankot City Population Census 2011 - Punjab".
  9. ^ "Five months on, work yet to begin on Pathankot stadium". www.tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  10. ^ "Twin islands in Pathankot set to boost tourism".
  11. ^ "War Heroes | District Kangra, Government of Himachal Pradesh | India".
  12. ^ a b "National Portal of India".