This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article may need to be rewritten to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards. You can help. The talk page may contain suggestions. (November 2018) This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Pathans of Uttar Pradesh" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (July 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Pathans of Uttar Pradesh
Total population
Regions with significant populations
India (Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand),
Hindi (Kannauji, Braj, Awadhi) • UrduBhojpuriEnglish
Related ethnic groups
Urdu-speaking people, Pashtun

The Pathans are an Urdu-speaking community of Pashtun descent in the Uttar Pradesh state in India[2] who form one of the largest Muslim communities in the state.[3] They are also known as Khans which is a commonly used surname amongst them; although not all those who use the surname are Pathans, for example the Khanzada community of eastern Uttar Pradesh are also commonly known as Khan. The phrase Pathan Khanzada is used to describe Muslim Rajput groups, found mainly in Gorakhpur, who have been absorbed into the Pathan community. There are communities of partial Pashtun ancestry in the Rohilkhand region and in parts of the Doab and Awadh regions, such as the agrarian Rohilla community.[4]


Many Pashtuns emigrated from their homeland of Afghanistan to what is now northern India during the Mughal Empire. Many of them were traders, soldiers and civil servants during the British Raj era.[5] A process of indigenization has occurred, and the Pathan community became indistinguishable from neighbouring Muslim communities due to social factors such as assmilation as well as intermarriage with the local castes. They now speak Hindustani (Khari Boli) as well as various localised dialects of the language such as Awadhi, Braj Bhasha and Kannauji and are found throughout Uttar Pradesh with settlements in Moradabad, Farrukhabad, Hathras, Malihabad and a dense population of them found in the Rohillkhand region. In addition, a significant amount of them are found in parts of Azamgarh, Sultanpur and Jaunpur.

The Pathan are divided into sixteen groupings, who generally take their name from the ancestral Pashtun tribes. These include the Bangash, Afridi, Dustukhel, Tanoli, Luni (Miani), Jadoon, Bakarzai, Barech, Daudzai, Dilazak, Durrani, Ghorghushti, Toia Mehsud Khel, Ghori, Khalil, Lodi, Mohmand, Mohammadzai, Orakzai, Rohilla, Sherwani, Suri, Sultani and Yousafzai, all of which are well known Pashtun tribes. A further differentiation exists based on an identity known as the qabila or biradari, based on territorial subgroupings and community ties.[6]

Pathans in Western Uttar Pradesh

The Pathans of the Barah-Basti villages of Bulandshahr produced a large number of volunteers who joined the British Irregular Cavalry, many of whom rebelled during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 under Abdul Latif Khan of Khanpur and Walidad Khan of Malagarh.[7][8] The Pathans of Malakpur, who are Yousafzai were settled their by the Emperor Akbar. In additions to these communities, there are also settlements of Afridis, in the city of Bulandshahr, as well as Bangash.

Pathans of Aliganj and Kasganj

Pathans of Lucknow District

The district of Lucknow is a home to a number of Pathan communities, most found in towns referred to locally as kasbas, such as Malihabad. In the city of Lucknow, there are communities of Mohmands, Shinwari, Yousafzais, Lodi, Bangash and Ghori Pathans. While in the district, the Pathans are found mainly in the kasbas of Malihabad, Mirzaganj, Bhaktiyarnagar, Khalispur, Malakpur Badi Garhi, Rasoolpur and Garhi Sanjar Khan. Unlike other Uttar Pradesh Pathans who are predominantly Sunni Muslims, a large significant number are Shia Muslims. Among the oldest settlers are the Bazid Khel Pathans of Jowaki Division of Adam Khel clan who are an Afridi tribe from Kohat mentioned in several historical records including the Gazetteer of the Kohat District, published in 1883–84.[9]

The Garhi Sanjar Pathans belong to the Amazai clan of the Jadoon tribe. They claim descent from Daler Khan Amazai, who arrived in Awadh in 1656. Daler Khan, also known as Jalal Khan Jadoon, was appointed governor of Awadh. Daler Khan brought with him two brothers, Kawal Khan and Khan Bahadur Khan. They settled initially in Bulakinager, while the son of Khan Bahadur Khan, Sarmast Khan founded the settlement of Garhi Sanjar Khan. The Jadoons are now found mainly in Bulakanagar, Bhakitiyarnagar, and Garhu Sanjar Khan.[10]

The Hotakis of Khalispur claim descent from Yousaf Khan Qandhahari, who settled during the rule of Shuja-ud-Daula, who was the grandson of Yahya Khan, who was one of the brothers of the King of Afghanistan, Mir Wais Hotak and Yusuf Khan was the real son-in-law of Mir Wais Hotak. Yusuf Khan was granted the village of Khalispur as an jagir. He is said to have brought his kinsmen from present-day Afghanistan, and a village now contains a large settlement of Durranis.[10]

In neighbouring Barabanki district, the town of Fatehpur is also an important centre of the Pathans in Awadh. The town was founded by a Fateh Khan, who was a Pathan, in 1321. As a frontier settlement, with the countryside still held by Hindu chiefs, Fateh Khan established a colony of Pathans. They belong mainly to the Yousafzai and Lodi tribes. In addition to the Fatehpur Pathans, there are also settlements in Ramsanehighat tehsil, belonging mainly to the Afridi and Shinwari tribe.[10]

Distribution of tribes by district in Awadh 1891

Tribe Lucknow District Unnao District Raebareli District Sitapur District Hardoi District Lakhimpur Kheri District Faizabad District Gonda District Bahraich District Sultanpur District Pratapgarh District Barabanki District Total
Afridi 1,421 356 431 233 600 140 24 6 317 72 107 302 4,009
Baqarzai[a] 18 48 23 1,163 340 4 1,596
Bangash 180 162 187 119 421 256 400 191 80 60 58 1,292
Barech 9 4 13
Bunerwal[b] 20 20
Daudzai 5 622 6 16 649
Dilazak 102 129 22 43 86 423 33 838
Durrani 55 129 25 80 69 7 4 40 8 417
Sur 1,788 5,672 768 2,515 5,780 3,369 523 410 2,315 414 1,266 85 24,905
Ghazni 20 2 198 45 23 286
Kakar 215 263 540 1,249 1,534 697 1,210 10,057 2,909 279 82 327 19,362
Khalil 38 24 27 48 129 5 11 16 298
Khattak 41 25 15 8 20 8 73 164 17 371
Lodi 2,678 2,175 3,609 3,306 1,538 2,812 2,800 8,080 4,427 2,621 6,028 3,778 43,852
Mohmand 123 34 307 38 7 509
Mohammadzai 158 61 33 216 487 246 6 447 9 7 1,670
Lodi 2,678 2,175 3,609 3,306 1,538 2,812 2,800 8,080 4,427 2,621 6,028 3,778 43,852
Qazi Pathan 197 75 48 109 386 237 57 101 139 32 65 28 1,474
Tareen 199 76 31 8 375 185 24 42 10 950
Barakzai[c] 131 411 250 55 12 30 4 893
Wazir 59 29 88
Yaqubzai 8 8
Yousafzai 7,172 959 641 2,525 1,173 2,116 4,025 3,121 3,821 1,192 1,170 2,164 30,079
Shinwari 74 115 93 37 289 327 84 374 227 312 232 25 2187


  1. ^ The Baqarzai are sub-clan of the Durrani tribe
  2. ^ The Bunerwal are Yousafzai, and originate in the Buner District, and the word Bunerwal literally means an inhabitant of Buner. Most Bunerwal are Mandanr Yousafzais
  3. ^ The Warakzai or Barakzai are largest sub-division of the Durrani confederacy.

See also


  1. ^ "Try Again | Joshua Project".
  2. ^ Amir Hasan, Anthropological Survey of India, Baqr Raza Rizvi, J. C. Das, K. S. Singh (27 February 2019). People of India: The Communities: Nai-Yadav. Bio-Anthropological Indormation. Glossary. Select Bibliography. Maps. Index. Anthropological Survey of India. ISBN 9788173041143.((cite book)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Shaji, U. S. (2010). Religions of IndiaA Multidimentional Study. p. 36. ISBN 9788178845340. A well known Indian Muslim community is Pathan
  4. ^ People of India Volume XLII Part Three edited by A Hassan & J C Das page 1139 to 1141 Manohar Publications
  5. ^ "Study of the Pathan Communities in Four States of India".
  6. ^ Amir Hasan (2005). People of India: The Communities: Nai-Yadav. Bio-Anthropological Indormation. Glossary. Select Bibliography. Maps. Index. Anthropological Survey of India. p. 1139. ISBN 9788173041143.
  7. ^ Bengal, Past & Present:Journal of the Calcutta Historical Society · Volume 86. Calcutta Historical Society. 1967. p. 47.
  8. ^ Fleetwood Williams (1858). Narrative of Events Attending the Outbreak of Disturbances and the Restoration of Authority in the District of Meerut in 1857-58. Government Press. p. 59.
  9. ^ Gazetteer of the Kohat District, 1883-84
  10. ^ a b c A Gazetteer of Lucknow District Volume XXXVII: Gazetteers of the United Provinces edited by H. R Neville