Patrol 36
Formation2005
DissolvedSeptember 2007
TypeNeo-Nazism
Antisemitism
Location
  • Israel
Membership
9

Patrol 36 (Hebrew: פטרול 36‎, [paˈtrol ʃloˈʃim ve ˈʃeʃ], Russian: Патруль 36, [pɐˈtrulʲ ˈtrit͡sətʲ ˈʂɛstʲ]) was a Jewish neo-Nazi organization in Israel, consisting of 9 members, led by Eli Bonite (born Erik Bunyatov in 1988), alias "Ely the Nazi" (Hebrew: אלי הנאציEli ha-Natsi, Russian: Нацист Эли Natsist Eli). The group's members were Jewish[1] Russian immigrants aged 16 to 21. According to The Daily Telegraph, the men's families were allowed to settle in Israel under the Law of Return.

Activities

Patrol 36 was active between 2005 and September 2007.[2] The group desecrated buildings, especially synagogues, with swastikas and graffiti, and carried out attacks on migrant workers from Africa and Asia, drug addicts, members of the LGBT+ community, and Haredi Jews. Patrol 36's members reportedly had tattoos with the number 88 (a reference to the phrase "Heil Hitler"), and were stockpiling guns, TNT, knives and portraits of Adolf Hitler. The group produced videos of their own attacks, which were found on computers seized by police.[3][4][5][6][7][8]

In the homes of those arrested, police also found links to neo-Nazi websites, neo-Nazi films, and photos of members in Nazi uniforms.[9][2] The group planned to celebrate the birthday of Adolf Hitler in front of Yad Vashem, a Holocaust memorial site.[10] According to police, Patrol 36 maintained connections with neo-Nazi organisations in other countries.[11]

One of the group's members, Ivan Kuzmin, said that "[In Ukraine] they called me things like dirty Jew... and here they called me stinky Russian". Kuzmin's grandmother was a Holocaust survivor.[12] He said that the racism he experienced turned him into a racist.[13]

Bonite was once recorded telling a gang member "my grandfather was a half-Jewboy. I will not have children so that this trash will not be born with even a tiny per cent of Jewboy blood."[14] The cell was based in Petah Tikva, near Tel Aviv, where they all lived.[2][6]

Arrest

Israeli Police began investigating the group in 2006, after two incidents of Neo-Nazi graffiti in Petah Tikva. On 9 September 2007, eight of the group's members were arrested, while one of the group's members fled the country. Police also seized computers depicting videos of their attacks that they had filmed, Neo-Nazi related materials, such as swastika posters and Neo-Nazi films, along with explosives and an improvised pistol.[6][15][11]

They were charged with conspiracy to commit a crime, assault, racial incitement, and distribution of racist materials, and tried in the Tel Aviv District Court. All group's members were found guilty, and received sentences ranging between one and seven years in prison. While reading the verdict, Judge Tsvi Gurfinkel said that he was imposing severe penalties to deter anyone else from following their example.[4][16][9] Erik Bonite received a seven-year prison term. In January 2011, Dmitri Bogotich, the last suspected group member, was extradited to Israel from Kyrgyzstan.[17]

Reaction

Coverage of the group was widespread in Israel, and the uncovering of the organisation lead to a strong reaction in Israeli society. Major news channels and newspapers comprehensively covered the story, in a manner that was considered reflective of a wider, disproportionate moral panic.[9]

Their discovery led to renewed consideration amongst politicians to amend the Law of Return.[18] Effi Eitam of the National Religious Party and the National Union, which represent the religious Zionist movement and have previously attempted to advance bills to amend the Law of Return, stated that Israel has become "a haven for people who hate Israel, hate Jews, and exploit the Law of Return to act on this hatred".[19]

While issuing his verdict, Judge Tsvi Gurfinkel stated, "the fact that they are Jews from the ex-Soviet Union and that they had sympathised with individuals who believed in racist theories is terrible".[4][2] The BBC reported that the news of the attacks and of the men's arrests in 2007 "shocked the nation", as Israel was founded in the wake of the Holocaust. One of the members who was arrested and sentenced was the grandson of a Holocaust survivor.[4]

The Anti-Defamation League condemned Patrol 36, characterized the group as marginal, and urged Israeli citizens to not stigmatize the community of Russian Jews in Israel in reaction to the incident.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ Judge Tsvi Gurfinkel, who issued the guilty verdict, stated "they are Jews from the ex-Soviet Union"
  2. ^ a b c d "Israeli neo-Nazi gang jailed". The Daily Telegraph. 23 November 2008. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  3. ^ Thompson, Damian (3 August 2010). "Nazi chic: from Mongolia to Tel Aviv, angry teenagers think Hitler is cool". London: The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 6 August 2010.
  4. ^ a b c d "Jail terms for Israeli neo-Nazis". BBC News. 23 November 2008. Archived from the original on 12 October 2011.
  5. ^ Rodrigues, Jason (2 August 2010). "The global reach of neo-Nazis". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 15 September 2013.
  6. ^ a b c "Israeli 'neo-Nazi gang' arrested". BBC News. 9 September 2007. Archived from the original on 8 November 2011.
  7. ^ Martin Asser (10 September 2007). "Israeli anger over 'Nazi' group". BBC. Archived from the original on 4 December 2010.
  8. ^ "Israeli neo-Nazi suspects charged". BBC News. 11 September 2007. Archived from the original on 7 January 2009.
  9. ^ a b c Sela-Shayovitz, Revital (1 April 2011). "Neo-Nazis and moral panic: The emergence of neo-Nazi youth gangs in Israel". Crime, Media, Culture. 7 (1): 67–82. doi:10.1177/1741659010393937. ISSN 1741-6590.
  10. ^ "Homegrown neo-Nazis in the Jewish state". France24. 25 November 2008. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  11. ^ a b c "Police bust violent Israeli neo-Nazi gang". NBC News. The Associated Press. 9 September 2007. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  12. ^ "Neo-Nazis invade Israel". ABC News. 12 January 2009. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  13. ^ Israel's Neo Nazis- Israel Archived 11 January 2017 at the Wayback Machine Journeyman Pictures, Israel's Neo-Nazis
  14. ^ Conal Urquhart in Jerusalem (10 September 2007). "Israeli neo-Nazi ring caught after attacks on synagogues". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 1 September 2013.
  15. ^ "Israeli neo-Nazis arrested - Israel Jewish Scene". Ynetnews.com. 9 September 2007. Archived from the original on 28 July 2012.
  16. ^ Angela Balakrishnan and agencies (24 November 2008). "Jewish youths jailed for neo-Nazi attacks in Israel". London: Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 September 2013.
  17. ^ "Suspected Israeli neo-Nazi arrested at Ben-Gurion". The Jerusalem Post. 3 January 2011. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  18. ^ Stoil, Rebecca Anna; Weiss, Mark; Wagner, Matthew (9 September 2007). "Sheetrit may deport alleged neo-Nazis". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  19. ^ Roni Singer-Heruti (10 September 2007). "Interior Minister: I'll consider revoking neo-Nazis' citizenship". Ha'aretz. Archived from the original on 2 November 2007.