Pattan
پٹن
sub-urban town
Pattan is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Pattan
Pattan
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Pattan is located in India
Pattan
Pattan
Pattan (India)
Coordinates: 34°09′36″N 74°33′22″E / 34.160°N 74.556°E / 34.160; 74.556Coordinates: 34°09′36″N 74°33′22″E / 34.160°N 74.556°E / 34.160; 74.556
Country India
Union territoryJammu and Kashmir
DistrictBaramulla
Area
 • Total0.8 km2 (0.3 sq mi)
Elevation
1,553 m (5,095 ft)
Population
 (2006)[citation needed]
 • Total16,409
 • Density21,000/km2 (53,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialKashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, Dogri, English[1][2][failed verification]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
193121

Pattan is a sub-district, town and a municipal committee in Baramulla district in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

Location

Pattan is surrounded by Breng Block towards North, Kunzer block towards the south, Narbal block towards east, Singhpora block towards west. This place is near the border of the Baramulla, Budgam and Ganderbal districts.[3] Budgam district and Beerwah are south of this place.[citation needed]

History

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This historical town is considered to have been established by the famous Hindu king Shankarvarman, son of Awantivarman of Utpala dynasty, in the 9th century AD. As per Kalhana's Rajatarangini, Shankarvarman built a town named Pattana. Pandits write it as ‘Pathan’, ‘The Path’, as it falls on the important route to Baramulla. During ancient times Pattan was a business center for wool, livestock and grains. Shankarvarman had built two temples at Pattan town dedicated to Shiva. He named one of the temples after his wife, Sugandha, as Sugandhesa and the other temple was named as Shankargaurishwar. To the north of these two temples was a lake known as “PumpeSar” (Lotus Lake),where now stands a residential area.

Shankaragaurishvara Temple (Oct 2021)
Shankaragaurishvara Temple (Oct 2021)

Geography

Pattan is located at 34°10′N 74°34′E / 34.17°N 74.57°E / 34.17; 74.57.[4] It has an average elevation of 1,553 m (5,095 ft). Pattan is one of the historical capitals of Kashmir valley, located nearly in the centre of the valley. Pattan tehsil has remains of four palaces including two in the municipal limits.

Transport

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Pattan is accessible through Pattan railway station, Hamre railway station and Mazhom railway station. However, Jammu Tawi is the major railway station about 290 km (180 mi) from Pattan. Via Jammu-Srinagar National Highway, it is only 27 km (17 mi) from Summer Capital Srinagar. Sheikh-ul-Alam International Airport at Srinagar is the nearest airport, 27 km (17 mi) southeast.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[5] Pattan had a population of 19,538 of whom 12,580 are males and 6,958 are female. Literacy rate of Pattan is 74.28% higher than the erstwhile state average of 67.16%. In Pattan, Male literacy is around 83.92% while female literacy rate is 55.91%. Population of children with age of 0-6 is 2,053 which is 10.51% of total population age.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Act, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  2. ^ "Parliament passes JK Official Languages Bill, 2020". Rising Kashmir. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  3. ^ Pattan - A History Lesson. Kashmir Reader.
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Pattan
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.